Effect of biochar on nitrogen use efficiency, grain yield and amino acid content of wheat cultivated on saline soil

https://doi.org/10.17221/525/2018-PSECitation:Sun H., Shi W., Zhou M., Ma X., Zhang H. (2019): Effect of biochar on nitrogen use efficiency, grain yield and amino acid content of wheat cultivated on saline soil. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 83-89.
download PDF

Biochar can potentially increase crop production in saline soils. However, the appropriate amount of biochar that should be applied to benefit from resource preservation and increase both grain yield (GY) and quality is not clear. A pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of biochar applied at various rates (i.e., 0, 5, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 t/ha) on the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), GY and amino acid (AA) contents of wheat plants in saline soils. The results showed that the application of 5–20 t/ha biochar increased wheat NUE by 5.2–37.9% and thus increased wheat GY by 2.9–19.4%. However, excessive biochar applications (more than 30 t/ha) had negative effects on both the NUE and GY of wheat. Biochar had little influence on leaf soil and plant analyzer development (SPAD) values, the harvest index or yield components. The AAs were significantly affected by biochar, depending on the application rate. Among the application rates, 5–30 t/ha biochar resulted in relatively higher (by 5.2–19.1%) total AA contents. Similar trends were observed for each of the 17 essential AAs. In conclusion, the positive effects of biochar occurred when it was applied at appropriate rates, but the effects were negative when biochar was overused.

Akhtar Saqib Saleem, Andersen Mathias Neumann, Liu Fulai (2015): Residual effects of biochar on improving growth, physiology and yield of wheat under salt stress. Agricultural Water Management, 158, 61-68  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2015.04.010
Asai Hidetoshi, Samson Benjamin K., Stephan Haefele M., Songyikhangsuthor Khamdok, Homma Koki, Kiyono Yoshiyuki, Inoue Yoshio, Shiraiwa Tatsuhiko, Horie Takeshi (2009): Biochar amendment techniques for upland rice production in Northern Laos. Field Crops Research, 111, 81-84  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2008.10.008
Bu X.L., Xue J.H., Zhao C.X., Wu Y.B., Han F.Y. (2017): Nutrient leaching and retention in riparian soils as influenced by rice husk biochar addition. Soil Science, 182: 241‒247.
Chan K. Y., Van Zwieten L., Meszaros I., Downie A., Joseph S. (2007): Agronomic values of greenwaste biochar as a soil amendment. Soil Research, 45, 629-  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR07109
Feng Yanfang, Sun Haijun, Xue Lihong, Liu Yang, Gao Qian, Lu Kouping, Yang Linzhang (2017): Biochar applied at an appropriate rate can avoid increasing NH 3 volatilization dramatically in rice paddy soil. Chemosphere, 168, 1277-1284  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.11.151
Gafurova D.A., Tursunkhodzhaev P.M., Kasymova T.D., Yuldashev P.Kh. (2002): Fractional and amino-acid composition of wheat grain cultivated in Uzbekistan. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, 38: 462‒465. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022167811596
García del Moral Luis F., Rharrabti Yahia, Martos Vanessa, Royo Conxita (2007): Environmentally Induced Changes in Amino Acid Composition in the Grain of Durum Wheat Grown under Different Water and Temperature Regimes in a Mediterranean Environment. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55, 8144-8151  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf063094q
Huang Min, Yang Liu, Qin Huadong, Jiang Ligeng, Zou Yingbin (2014): Fertilizer nitrogen uptake by rice increased by biochar application. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 50, 997-1000  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-014-0908-9
JIANG XIAOLING, WU PENG, TIAN JICHUN (2014): Genetic analysis of amino acid content in wheat grain. Journal of Genetics, 93, 451-458  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12041-014-0408-6
Ježek P., Hlušek J., Lošák T., Jůzl M., Elzner P., Kráčmar S., Buňka F., Martensson A. (2011): Effect of foliar application of selenium on the content of selected amino acids in potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum L.). Plant, Soil and Environment, 57, 315-320  https://doi.org/10.17221/57/2011-PSE
Kovács Zita, Simon-Sarkadi Livia, Sovány Csongor, Kirsch Klára, Galiba Gábor, Kocsy Gábor (2011): Differential effects of cold acclimation and abscisic acid on free amino acid composition in wheat. Plant Science, 180, 61-68  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2010.08.010
Kraska P., Oleszczuk P., Andruszczak S., Kwiecińska-Poppe E., Różyło K., Pałys E., Gierasimiuk P., Michałojć Z. (2016): Effect of various biochar rates on winter rye yield and the concentration of available nutrients in the soil  . Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 483-489  https://doi.org/10.17221/94/2016-PSE
Lošák T., Hlušek J., Filipčík R., Pospíšilová L., Maňásek J., Prokeš K., Buňka F., Kráčmar S., Martensson A., Orosz F. (2010): Effect of nitrogen fertilization on metabolisms of essential and non-essential amino acids in field-grown grain maize (Zea mays L.). Plant, Soil and Environment, 56, 574-579  https://doi.org/10.17221/288/2010-PSE
Novak Jeffrey M., Busscher Warren J., Laird David L., Ahmedna Mohamed, Watts Don W., Niandou Mohamed A. S. (2009): Impact of Biochar Amendment on Fertility of a Southeastern Coastal Plain Soil. Soil Science, 174, 105-112  https://doi.org/10.1097/SS.0b013e3181981d9a
Saifullah , Dahlawi Saad, Naeem Asif, Rengel Zed, Naidu Ravi (2018): Biochar application for the remediation of salt-affected soils: Challenges and opportunities. Science of The Total Environment, 625, 320-335  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.12.257
Si Linlin, Xie Yinan, Ma Qingxu, Wu Lianghuan (2018): The Short-Term Effects of Rice Straw Biochar, Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer on Rice Yield and Soil Properties in a Cold Waterlogged Paddy Field. Sustainability, 10, 537-  https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020537
Sohi S.P., Krull E., Lopez-Capel E., Bol R. (2010): A review of biochar and its use and function in soil. In: Sparks D.L. (ed.): Advances in Agronomy. Burlington, Academic Press, 47–82.
Sun Haijun, Lu Haiying, Chu Lei, Shao Hongbo, Shi Weiming (2017): Biochar applied with appropriate rates can reduce N leaching, keep N retention and not increase NH 3 volatilization in a coastal saline soil. Science of The Total Environment, 575, 820-825  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.137
Sun Haijun, Zhang Hailin, Min Ju, Feng Yanfang, Shi Weiming (2016): Controlled-release fertilizer, floating duckweed, and biochar affect ammonia volatilization and nitrous oxide emission from rice paddy fields irrigated with nitrogen-rich wastewater. Paddy and Water Environment, 14, 105-111  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10333-015-0482-2
Wiedner K., Fischer D., Walther S., Criscuoli I., Favilli F., Nelle O., Glaser B. (2015): Acceleration of biochar surface oxidation during composting? Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 63: 3830‒3837.
Veronika Zemanová, Kateřina Břendová, Daniela Pavlíková, Pavla Kubátová, Pavel Tlustoš (2017): Effect of biochar application on the content of nutrients (Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na, P) and amino acids in subsequently growing spinach and mustard. Plant, Soil and Environment, 63, 322-327  https://doi.org/10.17221/318/2017-PSE
Zhang Meiwei, Ma Dongyun, Wang Chenyang, Zhao Hong, Zhu Yunji, Guo Tiancai (2016): Responses of Amino Acid Composition to Nitrogen Application in High- and Low-Protein Wheat Cultivars at Two Planting Environments. Crop Science, 56, 1277-  https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2015.08.0504
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti