The influence of effective soybean seed treatment on root biomass formation and seed production

https://doi.org/10.17221/545/2019-PSECitation:Procházka P., Štranc P., Vostřel J., Řehoř J., Křováček J., Brinar J., Pazderů K. (2019): The influence of effective soybean seed treatment on root biomass formation and seed production. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 588-593.
download PDF

The soya seed was treated before sowing with the following biological active substances: Lignohumate B, Lexin, Lexenzym, brassinosteroid, and "Complex treatment" (a mixture of saturated sugar solution, Lexin, fungicide treatment Maxim XL 035 FS and remedial pinolen substance Agrovital). During growing, the influence of biological active substances on root biomass formation and the activity of bacteria for nitrogen fixation was observed. Evaluated parameters were shoot biomass formation and dry mass formation of plants. Harvest values were considered an important output of the whole year soya growth process. As can be observed from the results, the most effective seed treatments were Lexenzym, Lexin, and "Complex treatment", where the yields were high. Moreover, the "Complex treatment" in comparison with the control variant (not treated) improved statistically conclusively not only the final yield but was helpful also for bacteria nodulation and nitrogen fixation (N2). All biologically active compounds supported the root and shoot biomass formation and the whole plant growth.

References:
Adamčík J., Tomášek J., Pulkrábek J., Pazderů K., Dvořák P. (2016): Stimulation sorghum seed leading to enlargement of optimum conditions during germination and emergence. Plant, Soil and Environment, 62: 547–551. https://doi.org/10.17221/556/2016-PSE
 
Domingos R.F., Tufenkji N., Wilkinson K.J. (2009): Aggregation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles: Role of a fulvic acid. Environmental Science and Technology, 43: 1282–1286. https://doi.org/10.1021/es8023594
 
Dřímalová D. (2005): Algal growth regulators. Czech Phycology, 5: 101–112. (In Czech)
 
Finch-Savage W.E., Clay H.A., Lynn J.R., Morris K. (2010): Towards a genetic understanding of seed vigour in small-seeded crops using natural variation in Brassica oleracea. Plant Science, 179: 582–589. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2010.06.005
 
Goel A., Goel A.K., Sheoran I.S. (2003): Changes in oxidative stress enzymes during artificial ageing in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seeds. Journal of Plant Physiology, 160: 1093–1100. https://doi.org/10.1078/0176-1617-00881
 
Henshaw T.L., Gilbert R.A., Scholberg J.M.S., Sinclair T.R. (2007): Soya bean (Glycine max L. Merr.) genotype response to early-season flooding: I. Root and nodule development. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 193: 177–188. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2007.00257.x
 
Honsová H. (2013): Seed treatmend can increase field emergence and crop yield. In: Seed and Seedlings XI. Scientific and Technical Seminar 7. 2. 2013, Prague, 98–103. (In Czech)
 
Hradecká D., Urban J., Kohout L., Pulkrábek J., Hnilička R. (2009): Utilization of brassinosteroids to stress control during growth and yield formation of sugar beet. Sugar and Sugar Beet Journal, 125: 271–273. (In Czech)
 
Khanzada K.A., Rajput M.A., Shab G.S., Lodhi A.M., Mehboob F. (2002): Effect of seed dressing fungicides for the control of seedborne of mycoflora of wheat. Asia Journal of Plant Sciences, 1: 441–444. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2002.441.444
 
Kohout L. (2001): Brassinosteroids. Chemické Listy, 95: 583. (In Czech)
 
Lee Y.S., Bartlett J.R. (1976): Stimulation of plant growth by humic substances. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 40: 876–879. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1976.03615995004000060023x
 
Maity S., Banerjee G., Roy M., Pal C., Pal B., Chakrabarti D., Bhattacharjee A. (2000): Chemical induced prolongation of seed viability and stress tolerance capacity of mung bean seedlings. Seed Science and Technology, 28: 155–162.
 
Murthy U.M.N., Kumar P.P., Sun W.Q. (2003): Mechanisms of seed ageing under different storage conditions for Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek: Lipid peroxidation, sugar hydrolysis, Maillard reactions and their relationship to glass state transition. Journal of Experimental Botany, 54: 1057–1067. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erg092
 
McGuiness P.N., Reid J.B., Foo E. (2019): The role of gibberellins and brassinosteroids in nodulation and arbuscular mycorrhizal associations. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10: 269. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.00269
 
Nováková O., Kuneš I., Gallo J., Baláš M. (2014): Effects of brassinosteroids on prosperity of Scots pine seedlings. Journal of Forest Science, 60: 388–393. https://doi.org/10.17221/58/2014-JFS
 
Procházka P., Štranc P., Pazderů K., Štranc J., Vostřel J. (2017): Effects of biologically active substances used in soybean seed treatment on oil, protein and fibre content of harvested seeds. Plant, Soil and Environment, 63: 564–568. https://doi.org/10.17221/702/2017-PSE
 
Procházka P., Štranc P., Pazderů K., Vostřel J., Řehoř J. (2018): Use of biologically active substances in hops. Plant, Soil and Environment, 64: 626–632. https://doi.org/10.17221/655/2018-PSE
 
Procházka S., Macháčková I., Krekule J., Šebánek J. (1998): Plant Physiology. Prague, Academia, 483. (In Czech)
 
Tomášek J., Dvořák P., Cimr J. (2013): Improvement of potato tuber seed production in organic growing system. In: Seed and Seedlings XI. Scientific and Technical Seminar 7. 2. 2013, Prague, 63–67. (In Czech)
 
Vanneste S., Friml J. (2009): Auxin: A trigger for change in plant development. Cell, 136: 1005–1016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2009.03.001
 
Veselá L., Kubal M., Kozler J., Innemanová P. (2005): Structure and properties of natural humic substances of the oxyhumolite type. Chemické Listy, 99: 711–717. (In Czech)
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences