Influence of soil conservation practices on legume crops growthíček J., Herout M., Pulkrábek J., Pazderů K. (2018): Influence of soil conservation practices on legume crops growth. Plant Soil Environ., 64: 587-591.
download PDF

In a three-year experiment, three types of soil conservation techniques were tested in the legumes cultivation systems. Our treatment types were no-till, standard tillage to the depth of 8 cm and deep tillage to 20 cm. The study evaluated winter pea (cv. Enduro), spring pea (cv. Eso), white lupine (cv. Amiga), narrow-leaved lupine (cv. Boregine) and soybean (cv. Merlin) in two autumn terms (winter pea only) and in spring term (all legume species). In no-till technology, the average yield of all legumes was 2.24 t/ha. For standard tillage (2.58 t/ha) and deep tillage (2.62 t/ha), yields were significantly higher than in no-till technology. From the monitored parameters, deep tillage appeared as the best soil treatment. Although the yield was similar to standard tillage, the soil was less stiffened, resulting in a higher content of nitrogen in the seed and a better use of the pre-crop value of the legumes. In the experiment, winter pea spring sowing term (2.93 t/ha) was better than both autumn sowings (2.68 t/ha and 2.65 t/ha).

Atkins C.A., Smith P.M. (2004): Regulation of pod set and seed development in lupin. In: van Santen E., Hill G.D. (eds.): Proceedings of the 10th International Lupin Conference, 19–24. June 2002, New Zealand, 275–278.
Batey T. (2009): Soil compaction and soil management – a review. Soil Use and Management, 25, 335-345
Borowska M., Prusinski J., Kaszkowiak E. (2016): Production results of intensification of cultivation technologies in three lupin (Lupinus L.) species. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61, 426-431
Dang Y.P., Seymour N.P., Walker S.R., Bell M.J., Freebairn D.M. (2015): Strategic tillage in no-till farming systems in Australia’s northern grains-growing regions: I. Drivers and implementation. Soil and Tillage Research, 152, 104-114
Gladstones J., Atkins C. (eds.) (1998): Lupins as a Crop Plants. Biology, Production, and Utilization. Oxfordshire, Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International, 465.
Houba M. (ed.) (2009): Legumes Cultivation and Use. České Budějovice, Kurent, 143. (In Czech)
Chen Chengci, Miller Perry, Muehlbauer Fred, Neill Karnes, Wichman David, McPhee Kevin (2006): Winter Pea and Lentil Response to Seeding Date and Micro- and Macro-Environments. Agronomy Journal, 98, 1655-
Koukolíček J., Štranc P. (2013): Experiment with the cultivation of different varieties of lupin in the area of Dobříš. MendelNet, 20: 82–88.
Krebstein K., von Janowsky K., Kuht J., Reintam E. (2014): The effect of tractor wheeling on the soil properties and root growth of smooth brome. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60, 74-79
Kroulík M., Brant V., Chyba J., Zabransky P. (2016): Effect of plowing and deed loosening on cone index ad water flow. In: Proceeding of the 15th International Conference Engineering for Rural Development. 25–27 May. 2016. Jelgava, Latvia University of Agriculture, 732–736.
Lahola J. (ed). (1990): Legumes Cultivation and Utilization. Prague, Státní zemědělské nakladatelství, 224. (In Czech)
Panagos P., Imeson A., Meusburger K., Borrelli P., Poesen J., Alewell Ch. (2016): Soil conservation in Europe: Wish or reality? Land Degradation and Development, 27: 1547–1551.
Preissel Sara, Reckling Moritz, Schläfke Nicole, Zander Peter (2015): Magnitude and farm-economic value of grain legume pre-crop benefits in Europe: A review. Field Crops Research, 175, 64-79
Procházka P., Štranc P., Pazderů K., Štranc J., Jedličková M. (2016): The possibilities of increasing the production abilities of soya vegetation by seed treatment with biologically active compounds. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61, 279-284
Pulkrábek J., Urban J., Jedličková M. (2015): Effect of autumn tillage on soil compaction in the beginning of sugar beet vegetation. Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské, 131: 272–278. (In Czech)
Rispail Nicolas, Kaló Péter, Kiss György B., Ellis T.H. Noel, Gallardo Karine, Thompson Richard D., Prats Elena, Larrainzar Estibaliz, Ladrera Ruben, González Esther M., Arrese-Igor Cesar, Ferguson Brett J., Gresshoff Peter M., Rubiales Diego (2010): Model legumes contribute to faba bean breeding. Field Crops Research, 115, 253-269
Su Y.J., Wang Y.J., Zhang Y.L., Ding Y., Luo Y., Song L., Liao W.Y. (2015): Effects of different tillage methods on tea garden soil physical characteristics and tea yield. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 26: 3723–3729. (In Chinese)
Urbatzka P., Graß R., Schüler C. (2005): Nutzung pflanzengenetischer Ressourcen für den Ökologischen Landbau am Beispiel von Wintererbsen. Use of plant genetic resources in organic agriculture –
The example of winter pea. In: Heß J., Rahmann G. (eds.): Ende der Nische, Beiträge zur 8. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau. Kassel, Kassel University Press GmbH, 59–60.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti