Impact of expressway on physiology of plants and accumulation of risk elements in forest ecosystemsá M., Hniličková H., Hnilička F., Pivková I., Kukla J. (2019): Impact of expressway on physiology of plants and accumulation of risk elements in forest ecosystems. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 46-53.
download PDF

This study analyses the effects of expressways on physiology and risk elements content in plants (Quercus cerris L., Prunus spinosa L., Melica uniflora Retz.) and soils. Study forest stands are located at a distance of 30 m to 8100 m from the expressway ‘R1 Nitra – Tekovské Nemce’ (southwest Slovakia). The effect of distance from the road on the content of cadmium (Cd) in soils indicated an increase of the element in mineral layers in the 30 m variant; excessive Cd values were recorded in O-horizons and in the background zone. Also copper (Cu) showed a marked enrichment of surface horizons caused by car traffic. The results of redundancy discriminant analysis showed that the most important environmental variables related to physiological parameters of plants were the content of Cd and Cu in plants (P < 0.05) and the content of Cu in soils (P < 0.05). However, M. uniflora species responded most sensitively to a decrease of average chlorophyl content as a consequence of excessive accumulation of Cd in leaf tissues. The obtained results indicate risk of exposure to risk elements in soils and plants of forest stands under conditions of polluted air, but also under specific environmental conditions.

Aggarwal A., Sharma I., Tripati B.N., Munjal A.K., Baunthiyal M., Sharma V. (2012): Metal toxicity and photosynthesis. In: Itoh S., Mohanty P., Guruprasad K.N. (eds): Photosynthesis: Overviews on Recent Progress and Future Perspectives. New Delhi, IK International Publishing House (Pvt) Limited.
Amadi A.N., Nwankwoala H.O. (2013): Evaluation of heavy metal in soils from Enyimba Dumpsite in Aba, Southeastern Nigeria using contamination factor and geo-accumulation index. Energy and Environment Research, 3: 125–134.
Augusto Laurent, Ranger Jacques, Binkley Dan, Rothe Andreas (2002): Impact of several common tree species of European temperate forests on soil fertility. Annals of Forest Science, 59, 233-253
Bao L., Ma K., Zhang S., Lin L., Qu L. (2016): Urban dust load impact on gas-exchange parameters and growth of Sophora japonica L. seedlings. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61, 309-315
Cocozza Claudia, Vitullo Domenico, Lima Giuseppe, Maiuro Lucia, Marchetti Marco, Tognetti Roberto (2014): Enhancing phytoextraction of Cd by combining poplar (clone “I-214”) with Pseudomonas fluorescens and microbial consortia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21, 1796-1808
Dąbrowski Piotr, Pawluśkiewicz Bogumila, Baczewska Aneta Helena, Oglęcki Pawel, Kalaji Hazem (2015): SChlorophyll a fluorescence of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) varieties under long term exposure to shade. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, 102, 305-312
Galal Tarek M., Shehata Hanaa S. (2015): Bioaccumulation and translocation of heavy metals by Plantago major L. grown in contaminated soils under the effect of traffic pollution. Ecological Indicators, 48, 244-251
Hagen-Thorn A., Callesen I., Armolaitis K., Nihlgård B. (2004): The impact of six European tree species on the chemistry of mineral topsoil in forest plantations on former agricultural land. Forest Ecology and Management, 195, 373-384
Hjortenkrans David S. T., Bergbäck Bo G., Häggerud Agneta V. (2008): Transversal immission patterns and leachability of heavy metals in road side soils. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 10, 739-
Jankowski K., Ciepiela A. G., Jankowska J., Szulc W., Kolczarek R., Sosnowski J., Wiśniewska-Kadżajan B., Malinowska E., Radzka E., Czeluściński W., Deska J. (2015): Content of lead and cadmium in aboveground plant organs of grasses growing on the areas adjacent to a route of big traffic. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22, 978-987
Jasion Mateusz, Samecka-Cymerman Aleksandra, Kolon Krzysztof, Kempers Alexander J. (2013): Tanacetum vulgare as a Bioindicator of Trace-Metal Contamination: A Study of a Naturally Colonized Open-Pit Lignite Mine. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 65, 442-448
John R., Ahmad P., Gadgil K., Sharma S. (2008): Effect of cadmium and lead on growth, biochemical parameters and uptake in <I>Lemna polyrrhiza</I>L.. Plant, Soil and Environment, 54, 262-270
Kabala Cezary, Singh Bal Ram (2001): Fractionation and Mobility of Copper, Lead, and Zinc in Soil Profiles in the Vicinity of a Copper Smelter. Journal of Environment Quality, 30, 485-
Kabata-Pendias A. (2011): Trace Elements in Soils and Plants.
4th Edition. Boca Raton, Taylor and Francis Group.
Kachova V., Atanassova I. (2014): Influence of forest vegetation on reduction of soil contamination with heavy metals. Silva Balcanica, 15: 58–67.
Kayhanian Masoud, Fruchtman Boaz D., Gulliver John S., Montanaro Comasia, Ranieri Ezio, Wuertz Stefan (2012): Review of highway runoff characteristics: Comparative analysis and universal implications. Water Research, 46, 6609-6624
Kocher B., Wessolek G., Stoffregen H. (2005): Water and heavy metal transport in roadside soils. Pedosphere, 15: 746–753.
Kuklová M., Hniličková H., Kukla J., Hnilička F. (2016): Environmental impact of the Al smelter on physiology&nbsp;and macronutrient contents in plants and Cambisols. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61, 72-78
Kuklová Margita, Kukla Ján, Gašová Katarína (2016): Chromium and Nickel Accumulation by Plants Along an Altitudinal Gradient in Western Carpathian Secondary Spruce Stands. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 25, 1563-1572
Lin M.-Z., Jin M.-F. (2018): Soil Cu contamination destroys the photosynthetic systems and hampers the growth of green vegetables. Photosynthetica, 56, 1336-1345
Malinowska Elżbieta, Jankowski Kazimierz, Wiśniewska-Kadżajan Beata, Sosnowski Jacek, Kolczarek Roman, Jankowska Jolanta, Ciepiela Grażyna A. (2015): Content of Zinc and Copper in Selected Plants Growing Along a Motorway. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 95, 638-643
Naszradi T., Badacsonyi A., Németh N., Tuba Z., Batiĉ F. (2004): Zinc, Lead and Cadmium Content in Meadow Plants and Mosses Along the M3 Motorway (Hungary). Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 49, 593-603
OLIVER M. A. (1997): Soil and human health: a review. European Journal of Soil Science, 48, 573-592
Omar Nasr Yousef M. J., Abas M. Radzi Bin, Rahman Noorsaadah A., Tahir Norhayati Mohd., Rushdi Ahmed I., Simoneit Bernd R. T. (2007): Levels and distributions of organic source tracers in air and roadside dust particles of Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Environmental Geology, 52, 1485-1500
Phi Thai Ha, Chinh Pham Minh, Cuong Doan Danh, Ly Luong Thi Mai, Van Thinh Nguyen, Thai Phong K. (2018): Elemental Concentrations in Roadside Dust Along Two National Highways in Northern Vietnam and the Health-Risk Implication. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 74, 46-55
Rai R., Agrawal M., Agrawal S.B. (2016): Impact of heavy metals on physiological processes of plants: With special reference to photosynthetic system. In: Singh A., Prasad S.M., Singh R.P. (ed.): Plant Responses to Xenobiotics. Singapore, Springer.
Report (2013): Report on the State of Air Pollution in Nitra Region in 2012. Nitra, Department of Environmental Protection.
Roje V., Orešković M., Rončević J., Bakšić D., Pernar N., Perković I. (2018): Assessment of the trace element distribution in soils in the parks of the city of Zagreb (Croatia). Environmental Monito-
ring and Assessment, 190: 121.
Schutzendubel A. (): Plant responses to abiotic stresses: heavy metal-induced oxidative stress and protection by mycorrhization. Journal of Experimental Botany, 53, 1351-1365
Šály R., Ciesarik M. (1991): Pedology. Zvolen, Technical University Zvolen.
Tuba Z., Saxena D.K., Srivastava K., Singh S., Czobel S., Kalaji H.M. (2010): Chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements for validating the tolerant bryophytes for heavy metal (Pb) biomapping. Current Science, 98: 1505–1508.
Werkenthin Moritz, Kluge Björn, Wessolek Gerd (2014): Metals in European roadside soils and soil solution – A review. Environmental Pollution, 189, 98-110
Wieczorek J., Wieczorek Z., Bieniaszewski T. (2005): Cadmium and lead content in cereal grains and soil from cropland adjacent to roadways. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 14: 535–540.
Zacchini M., Iori V., Scarascia Mugnozza G., Pietrini F., Massacci A. (2011): Cadmium accumulation and tolerance in Populus nigra and Salix alba. Biologia Plantarum, 55, 383-386
Zechmeister H.G., Hohenwallner D., Riss A., Hanus-Illnar A. (2005): Estimation of element deposition derived from road traffic sources by using mosses. Environmental Pollution, 138, 238-249
Zhang Ling-Ling, Wang Hang-Er, Li Jiong, Kuang Yuan-Wen, Wen Da-Zhi (2013): Physiological responses and accumulation of pollutants in woody species under in situ polluted condition in Southern China. Journal of Plant Research, 126, 95-103
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences