Selenium effect on wheat grain yield and quality applied in different growth stages

Ducsay L., Zapletalová A., Slepčan M., Vicianová M., Hozlár P., Bušo R. (2021): Selenium effect on wheat grain yield and quality applied in different growth stages. Plant Soil Environ., 67: 147–153.


download PDF

Small field plot experiments were carried out at the testing station of the Central Control and Testing Institute in Agriculture in Veľký Meder (Slovakia) in the experimental years 2014/2015, 2015/2016 and 2016/2017. Selenium salts in the form of sodium selenite and sodium selenate were applied in growth phases: end of tillering (BBCH 29) and flag leaf ligule and collar visible (BBCH 39). The effect of experimental years 2014/2015, 2015/2016 and 2016/2017 on the yield of wheat grain was not statistically significant within the observed variants. The achieved mean yields were in the range from 10.06 ± 0.81 to 11.07 ± 0.29 t/ha in 2014/2015, from 9.82 ± 0.54 to 10.32 ± 0.10 t/ha in 2015/2016 and from 11.23 ± 0.76 to 11.64 ± 0.51 t/ha in 2016/2017. Selenate in comparison with selenite influenced the selenium accumulation in wheat grains more positively. However, a significant difference was recorded in variants with selenite application in the flag leaf growth phase in comparison with the end of tillering phase. The influence on the content of macroelements P, K, Ca and microelements Cu and Fe was observed in sodium selenite only; its application decreased the element content in comparison with the control variant. Statistically significantly higher values of fiber and fat were achieved after application of selenium in the flag leaf growth stage in comparison with the end of tillering.


Andrejiová A., Hegedűsová A., Adamec S., Hegedűs O., Mezeyová I. (2019): Increasing of selenium content and qualitative parameters in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) after its foliar application. Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 13: 351–358.
Curtin D., Hanson R., Lindley T.N., Butler R.C. (2006): Selenium concentration in wheat (Triticum aestivum) grain as influenced by method, rate, and timing of sodium selenate application. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 34: 329–339.
Deng X.F., Liu K.Z., Li M.F., Zhang W., Zhao X.H., Zhao Z.Q., Liu X.W. (2017): Difference of selenium uptake and distribution in the plant and selenium form in the grains of rice with foliar spray of selenite or selenate at different stages. Field Crops Research, 211: 165–171.
Ducsay L., Ložek O., Marček M., Varényiová M., Hozlár P., Lošák T. (2016): Possibility of selenium biofortification of winter wheat grain. Plant, Soil and Environment, 62: 379–383.
Ekanayake L.J., Thavarajah D., Vial E., Schatz B., McGee R., Thavarajah P. (2015): Selenium fertilization on lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) grain yield, seed selenium concentration, and antioxidant activity. Field Crops Research, 177: 9–14.
Galinha C., Sánchez-Martínez M., Pacheco A.M.G., do Carmo Freitas M., Coutinho J., Maçãs B., Almeida A.S., Pérez-Corona M.T., Yolanda Madrid Y., Wolterbeek H.T. (2015): Characterization of selenium-enriched wheat by agronomic biofortification. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 52: 4236–4245.
Havrlentová M., Hlinková A., Žofajová A., Kováčik P., Dvončová D., Deáková Ľ. (2013): Effect of fertilization on ß-d-glucan content in oat grain (Avena sativa L.). Agriculture, 59: 111−119.
Hlušek J., Jůzl M., Čepl J., Lošák T. (2005): The effect of selenium supplementation on its concentration in potato tubers. Chemické Listy, 99: 515–517.
Kieliszek M., Blažejak S. (2013): Selenium: significance, and outlook for supplementation. Nutrition, 29: 713–718.
Lahermo P., Alfthan G., Wang D. (1998): Selenium and arsenic in the environment in Finland. Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, 17: 205–216.
Li M.F., Zhao Z.Q., Zhou J.J., Zhou D.W., Chen B.N., Huang L.Q., Zhang Z.H., Liu X.W. (2018): Effects of foliar spray of selenite or selenate at different growth stages on selenium distribution and quality of blueberries. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 98: 4700–4706.
Rayman M.P. (2000): The importance of selenium to human health. Lancet, 356: 233–241.
Rodrigo S., Santamaría O., López-Bellido F.J., Poblaciones M.J. (2013): Agronomic selenium biofortification of two-rowed barley under Mediterranean conditions. Plant, Soil and Environment, 59: 115–120.
Tobiasz A., Walas S., Filek M., Mrowiec H., Samsel K., Sieprawska A., Hartikainen H. (2014): Effect of selenium on distribution of macro- and micro-elements to different tissues during wheat ontogeny. Biologia Plantarum, 58: 370–374.
Wang M.K., Peng Q., Zhou F., Yang W.X., Dinh Q.T., Liang D.L. (2019): Uptake kinetics and interaction of selenium species in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) seedlings. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 26: 9730–9738.
Wang Y.D., Wang X., Wong Y.S. (2013): Generation of selenium-enriched rice with enhanced grain yield, selenium content and bioavailability through fertilisation with selenite. Food Chemistry, 141: 2385–2393.
Zhang H.Q., Zhao Z.Q., Zhang X., Zhang W., Huang L.Q., Zhang Z.Z., Yuan L.X., Liu X.W. (2019): Effects of foliar application of selenate and selenite at different growth stages on selenium accumulation and speciation in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Food Chemistry, 286: 550–556.
Zhou F., Yang W.X., Wang M.K., Miao Y.X., Cui Z.W., Li Z., Liang D.L. (2018): Effects of selenium application on Se content and speciation in Lentinula edodes. Food Chemistry, 265: 182–188.
Zeidan M.S., Manal F.M., Hamouda H.A. (2010): Effect of foliar fertilization of Fe, Mn and Zn on wheat yield and quality in low sandy soils fertility. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6: 696–699.
Zembala M., Filek M., Walas S., Mrowiec H., Kornaś A., Miszalski Z., Hartikainen H. (2010): Effect of selenium on macro- and microelement distribution and physiological parameters of rape and wheat seedlings exposed to cadmium stress. Plant and Soil, 329: 457–468.
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti