Effect of drought stress on oil content and fatty acids composition of some safflower genotypes

https://doi.org/10.17221/591/2019-PSECitation:Joshan Y., Sani B., Jabbari H., Mozafari H., Moaveni P. (2019): Effect of drought stress on oil content and fatty acids composition of some safflower genotypes. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 563-567.
download PDF

To assess the response of promising safflower genotypes to late-season drought stress in delayed planting conditions, an experiment was conducted in two years (2016–2017 and 2017–2018) in Iran. The irrigation regime was specified in two levels, including normal irrigation and irrigation cut off in the seed filling stage in main plots, and five safflower genotypes, including Soffe, Goldasht, Golmehr, Padideh, and Parnian were categorized in subplots. Applied drought stress significantly reduced the seed yield and yield components of all genotypes, which accompanied with a substantial decrease in oil content and oil yield of all genotypes. However, the highest seed and oil yield in drought stress conditions obtained in the Parnian genotype by value 2338 and 561 kg/ha, respectively. Moreover, a significant drought-induced increase in palmitic, stearic, and oleic acids, as well as a decrease in linoleic acid content, was observed in all genotypes. Parnian genotype with high unsaturated fatty acids content (90.9%) and the minimum amount of saturated fatty acids (8.7%) might be a promising genotype to starting a formal crop improvement program to achieve more drought-tolerant safflower genotype.

Abd El-Lattief E.A. (2013): Safflower yields and water use efficiency as affected by irrigation at different soil moisture depletion levels and plant population density under arid conditions. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 59: 1545–1557. https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2012.735769
Allakhverdiev S.I., Kinoshita M., Inaba M., Suzuki I., Murata N. (2001): Unsaturated fatty acids in membrane lipids protect the photosynthetic machinery against salt-induced damage in https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.125.4.1842
Synechococcus. Plant Physiology, 125: 1842–1853.
Aprile A., Havlickova L., Panna R., Marè C., Borrelli G.M., Marone D., Perrotta C., Rampino P., De Bellis L., Curn V., Mastrangelo A.M., Rizza F., Cattivelli L. (2013): Different stress responsive strategies to drought and heat in two durum wheat cultivars with contrasting water use efficiency. BMC Genomics, 14: 821.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-14-821
Ashrafi E., Razmjoo K. (2010): Effect of irrigation regimes on oil content and composition of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) cultivars. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, 87: 499–506.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11746-009-1527-8
Bannayan M., Nadjafi F., Azizi M., Tabrizi L., Rastgoo M. (2008): Yield and seed quality of Plantago ovata and Nigella sativa under different irrigation treatments. Industrial Crops and Products, 27: 11–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2007.05.002
Colnago L.A., Azeredo R.B.V., Marchi N.A., Andrade F.D., Venâncio T. (2011): Rapid analyses of oil and fat content in agri-food products using continuous wave-free precession time domain NMR. Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry, 49: S113–120.  https://doi.org/10.1002/mrc.2841
Eslam B.P., Monirifar H., Ghassemi M.T. (2010): Evaluation of late season drought effects on seed and oil yields in spring safflower genotypes. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 34: 373–380.
Istanbulluoglu A., Gocmen E., Gezer E., Pasa C., Konukcu F. (2009): Effects of water stress at different development stages on yield and water productivity of winter and summer safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Agricultural Water Management, 96: 1429–1434.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2009.04.004
Kar G., Kumar A., Martha M. (2007): Water use efficiency and crop coefficients of dry season oilseed crops. Agricultural Water Management, 87: 73–82.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2006.06.002
Koutroubas S.D., Papakosta D.K. (2010): Seed filling patterns of safflower: Genotypic and seasonal variations and association with other agronomic traits. Industrial Crops and Products, 31: 71–76.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.09.014
Nabipour M., Meskarbashee M., Yousefpour H. (2007): The effect of water deficit on yield and yield components of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 421–426.  https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2007.421.426
Nagaraj G. (1993): Safflower seed composition and oil quality – A review. In: Proceeding of the 3rd International Safflower Conference, Beijing, 58–71.
Ozturk L., Yazici M.A., Yucel C., Torun A., Cekic C., Bagci A., Ozkan H., Braun H.-J., Sayers Z., Cakmak I. (2006): Concentration and localization of zinc during seed development and germination in wheat. Physiologia Plantarum, 128: 144–152.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.2006.00737.x
Pinheiro C., Chaves M.M. (2011): Photosynthesis and drought: Can we make metabolic connections from available data? Journal of Experimental Botany, 62: 869–882. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq340
Pourdad S. (2008): Study on drought resistance indices in spring safflower. Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 56: 203–212.  https://doi.org/10.1556/AAgr.56.2008.2.9
Rahamatalla A.B., Babiker E.E., Krishna A.G., El Tinay A.H. (2001): Changes in fatty acids composition during seed growth and physicochemical characteristics of oil extracted from four safflower cultivars. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 56: 385–395.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011860810082
Razi H., Assad M.T. (1999): Comparison of selection criteria in normal and limited irrigation in sunflower. Euphytica, 105: 83–90.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1003472212917
Reiahisamani N., Esmaeili M., Khoshkholgh Sima N.A., Zaefarian F., Zeinalabedini M. (2018): Assessment of the oil content of the seed produced by Salicornia L., along with its ability to produce forage in saline soils. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 65: 1879–1891.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0661-2
Smaoui A., Chérif A. (2000): Changes in molecular species of triacylglycerols in developing cotton seeds under salt stress. Biochemical Society Transactions, 28: 902–905.  https://doi.org/10.1042/bst0280902
Yeilaghi H., Arzani A., Ghaderian M., Fotovat R., Feizi M., Pourdad S.S. (2012): Effect of salinity on seed oil content and fatty acid composition of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) genotypes. Food Chemistry, 130: 618–625.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.07.085
Zandalinas S.I., Rivero R.M., Martínez V., Gómez-Cadenas A., Arbona V. (2016): Tolerance of citrus plants to the combination of high temperatures and drought is associated to the increase in transpiration modulated by a reduction in abscisic acid levels. BMC Plant Biology, 16: 105.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-016-0791-7
Zareie S., Mohammadi-Nejad G., Sardouie-Nasab S. (2013): Screening of Iranian safflower genotypes under water deficit and normal conditions using tolerance indices. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7: 1032–1037.
Zharghami R., Zahravi M., Aslanzadeh A., Abbasali M. (2011): Evaluation of autumn sown genotypes of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius) for tolerance to drought stress. Seed and Plant Improvement Journal, 271: 339–355.
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences