Influence of sowing and harvest dates on production of two different cultivars of sugar beetů K., Chochola J., Pulkrábek J., Urban J. (2017): Influence of sowing and harvest dates on production of two different cultivars of sugar beet  . Plant Soil Environ., 63: 76-81.
download PDF
Small-plot trials conducted in 2013–2015 studied the impact of longer vegetation periods (by means of earlier drilling and/or later harvest) on production results of two sugar beet cultivars – one nematode-tolerant cultivar and one cultivar without such tolerance. The trials took place at two sites with different Heterodera schachtii infestation levels. In all trial seasons, root yield was significantly higher in the earlier drilled plots. On average, prolongation of the vegetation period in spring by 13 days increased root yield by 10.9%. Therefore, each day by which drilling is postponed represents a 0.7–0.8% loss of yield. As to sugar content, no statistically significant benefit of vegetation period prolongation by early drilling was found. The spring gain was slightly higher for the non-tolerant cultivar than for the tolerant one on average over all trial seasons. This result confirms the theory that nematodes impact the crop mainly in later stages of vegetation, and early drilling can thus help eliminating, to a certain degree, the risk of nematode damage. In the autumn, root yield increased by 14.3% on average over 39 days. The autumn daily gain was about half of the rate found in the spring. The increase in sugar content was between 0.6% and 1% (abs.) on average. Autumn growth achieved at the non-infested site was much higher than at the infested site.  
Artyszak A., Gozdowski D., Kucińska K. (2015): Foliar nutrition effectiveness for sugar beet cultivated as a following crop after winter rape. Sugar Industry, 140: 567–572.
Artyszak A., Gozdowski D., Kucińska K. (2014): The yield and technological quality of sugar beet roots cultivated in mulches. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 464–469.
Buhre C., Buercky K., Schmitz F., Schulte M., Ladewig E. (2011): Survey on the production technology – State and trends (1994–2010). Sugar Industry, 136: 670–677. (In German)
Fiedler J. (1975): Technology of Production of Sugar Beet. Prague, Státní Zemědělské Nakladatelství. (In Czech)
Chochola J., Pavlů K. (2015): Losses of sugar during long-term sugar beet storage. Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské, 131: 326–333.
Josefyová L. (2004): The production processes of sugar beet in relation to the content of chlorophyll and nitrogen nutrition. [Ph.D. thesis] Prague, Czech University of Life Science Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, 232.
Kopecká V., Machar I., Buček A., Kopecký A. (2013): The impact of climate changes on sugar beet growing conditions in the Czech Republic. Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské, 129: 326–329.
Kumbár V., Votava J., Nedomová Š. (2015): Influence of storage time, initial mass and circumference on weight and size disposals of sugar beet. Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské, 131: 334–337.
Mühlbachová G., Kusá H., Růžek P. (2016): Soil characteristics and crop yields under different tillage techniques. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61, 566-572
Ondrišík P., Urminská J., Pačuta V., Václav B. (2016): Seasonal changes of inorganic nitrogen in soil depending on application of different fertilizer. Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské, 132: 168–172.
Potopová V., Zahradníček P., Tuerkott L. (2015): Agroclimatic assessment of variability of growing season length for sugar beet cultivation in Central Bohemia. Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské, 131: 66–70.
Prugar J., Polišenská I., Dostálová J., Hajšlová J., Hrubý J., Kalač P., Vaculová P. (2008): Quality of Plant Products on the Threshold of 3rd Millennium. Prague, Research Institute of Brewing and Malting, 327.
Pulkrábek J., Švachula V., Křivánek J. (2008): Changes in sugar beet production due to weather conditions. Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské, 124: 263–266.
Reinbergr O. (2016): Czech sugar industry on the way to market without quotas. Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské, 132: 162–165.
Stehlík V. (1982): Biology of Species, Varieties and Forms of the Genus Beta Beets. Prague, Academia, 448. (In Czech)
Stehlíková I., Madaras M., Lipavský J., Šimon T. (2016): Study on some soil quality changes obtained<br /> from long-term experiments. Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 74-79
Špička J., Janotová B. (2015): Efficiency of sugar beet growers and profitability of sugar beet in Czech Republic. Listy Cukrovarnické a Řepařské, 131: 217–222.
Winner Ch. (1982): The Cultivation of Sugar Beet. Frankfurt am Main, Verlagsunion Agrar, 308. (In German)
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti