Gene flow from Clearfield® rice to weedy rice under field conditions  

https://doi.org/10.17221/616/2015-PSECitation:Engku A.K., Norida M., Juraimi A.S., Rafii M.Y., Abdullah S.N.A., Alam M.A. (2016): Gene flow from Clearfield® rice to weedy rice under field conditions  . Plant Soil Environ., 62: 16-22.
download PDF

Imidazolinone-herbicide-resistant Clearfield® (CL) rice permits the selective chemical control of weedy rice (Oryza sativa), a major weed problem in South-East Asian rice growing countries. However, there is major concern involving resistant individuals resulting from gene flow as the cultivated and weedy rice live side by side in the fields. An experiment was conducted in the rice fields of Kuala Rompin, Pahang, Malaysia to determine which Clearfield® rice cultivars and weedy rice cultivars are more prone to hybridization, and the effect on distance between the pollen donor and receptor plants. The experiment was piloted in a split plot design with four replications. Encircled population technique was used to determine the distance between the Clearfield® rice and detection of hybrids (F1). Resistance of progeny was determined after spraying with OnDuty™ and the confirmation of hybrids was done using the SSR primer RM251. Higher survival rate was recorded with cv. CL2 which was significantly different from cv. CL1. Weedy rice cultivar V1 and V2 in CL1 plots differed significantly from the same cultivar from CL2 plots. However, no significant difference was observed between weedy rice cultivars of V3 and V4, either in CL1 or CL2 plots. No survivors were found after second spraying. Suspected hybrids were found up to 5 m however the rate was much lower compared to only 1 m from the CL plots.

References:
Ahmed Q.N., Kamaruzaman M., Othman A.S. (2012): Vegetative and reproductive growth of weedy rice in Selangor, Malaysia: A comparative study with commercial rice varieties. Malaysian Applied Biology, 41: 29–35.
 
Azmi M., Hadzim K., Habibuddin H., Saad A., Lim W.F., George V.T. (2008): Malaysian rice varieties tolerant to the herbicide imidazolinone for control of weedy rice infestation. MARDI Kepala Batas, 39.
 
Azmi M., Azlan S., Yim K.M., George T.V., Chew S.E. (2012): Control of weedy rice in direct-seeded rice using the Clearfield production system in Malaysia. Pakistan Journal of Weed Science, 18: 49–53.
 
Burgos Nilda R., Shivrain Vinod K., Scott Robert C., Mauromoustakos Andronikos, Kuk Yong-In, Sales Marites A., Bullington Jeremy (2011): Differential tolerance of weedy red rice (Oryza sativa L.) from Arkansas, USA to glyphosate. Crop Protection, 30, 986-994  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2011.03.024
 
Chin D.V., Thien T.C., Bi H.H., Nhiem N.T. (2007): Study on weed and weedy rice control by imidazolinone herbicides in Clearfield™ paddy grown by Imi- tolerence Indica rice variety. Omonrice, 15: 63–67.
 
Croughan T.P. (2003): Clearfield Rice: It’s not a GMO. Louisiana Agriculture Magazine, Fall Issue, 53.
 
KANE NOLAN C., BAACK ERIC J. (2007): The origins of weedy rice. Molecular Ecology, 16, 4423-4425  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03520.x
 
Kumar V., Bellinder R.R., Brainard D.C., Malik R.K., Gupta R.K. (2008): Risks of herbicide-resistant rice in India: A review. Crop Protection, 27, 320-329  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2007.05.017
 
Lang N.T., Buu B.C. (2007): Rice breeding and inheritance of herbicide resistance in Clearfield® rice (Oryza sativa L.). Omonrice, 15: 36–45.
 
Li Y.L., Yang X.X., Zhao F.P., Xu M.H. (2006): SSR markers on Indica japonica differentiation of natural population of Oryza rufipogon in Yuanjiang, Yunnan province. Chinese Journal of Rice Science, 20: 137–140.
 
LU BAO-RONG, SNOW ALLISON A. (2005): Gene Flow from Genetically Modified Rice and Its Environmental Consequences. BioScience, 55, 669-  https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2005)055[0669:GFFGMR]2.0.CO;2
 
Rathore M., Singh R., Kumar B. (2013): Weedy rice: An emerging threat to rice cultivation and options for its management. Current Science, 105: 1067–1072.
 
Shivrain Vinod K., Burgos Nilda R., Anders Merle M., Rajguru Satyendra N., Moore Jerry, Sales Marites A. (2007): Gene flow between Clearfield™ rice and red rice. Crop Protection, 26, 349-356  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2005.09.019
 
Shivrain Vinod K., Burgos Nilda R., Gealy David R., Moldenhauer Karen A. K., Baquireza Cecilia J. (2008): Maximum Outcrossing Rate and Genetic Compatibility between Red Rice (Oryza sativa) Biotypes and Clearfield™ Rice. Weed Science, 56, 807-813  https://doi.org/10.1614/WS-08-026.1
 
Saito K. (2010): Weed pressure level and the correlation between weed competitiveness and rice yield without weed competition: An analysis of empirical data. Field Crops Research, 117, 1-8  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2010.02.009
 
Sudianto Edi, Beng-Kah Song, Ting-Xiang Neik, Saldain Nestor E., Scott Robert C., Burgos Nilda R. (2013): Clearfield® rice: Its development, success, and key challenges on a global perspective. Crop Protection, 49, 40-51  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2013.02.013
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti