Effect of salt stress on growth, electrolyte leakage, Na+ and K+ content in selected plant species

https://doi.org/10.17221/620/2018-PSECitation:Hniličková H., Hnilička F., Orsák M., Hejnák V. (2019): Effect of salt stress on growth, electrolyte leakage, Na+ and K+ content in selected plant species. Plant Soil Environ., 65: 90-96.
download PDF

This study monitors the effect of salt stress induced by a NaCl solution (0 – deionized water, 50, 100, 200, 300 mmol/L) in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. cv. Orion), New Zealand spinach (Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall) Kuntze) and common purslane (Portulaca oleracea L. cv. Green Purslane) over the course of 50 days. The diverse reactions of these monitored species to salt stress are well apparent from the results. Lettuce proved as the most sensitive to salt stress, showing a significant reduction of dry weight, where even lower concentrations of salt affected membrane stability through increased electrolyte leakage value and an imbalance in the content of Na+ and K+, observed in the form of lower ratios of K+/Na+. In case of T. tetragonoides, lower salt concentrations positively affected growth and this species appears to particularly accumulate sodium. In case of P. oleracea no significant reduction of dry weight took place with the increasing concentration of NaCl and a naturally high content of potassium contributed to maintaining a favourable ratio of K+/Na+ even at higher salt concentrations, which is one of the prerequisites of salt-stress tolerance.

Akbarimoghaddam H., Galavi M., Ghanbari A., Panjehkeh N. (2011): Salinity effects on seed germination and seedling growth of bread wheat cultivars. Trakia Journal of Sciences, 9: 43–50.
Alam Amirul, Juraimi Abdul Shukor, Yusop Mohd Rafii, Hamid Azizah Abdul, Hakim Abdul (2014): Morpho-physiological and mineral nutrient characterization of 45 collected Purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.) accessions. Bragantia, 73, 426-437  https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-4499.253
Al-Maskri A., Al-Kharusi L., Al-Miqbali H., Khan M.M. (2010): Effects of salinity stress on the growth of lettuce (Lactuca sativa) under closed-recycle nutrient film technique. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12: 377–380.
Ashraf Muhammad (2004): Some important physiological selection criteria for salt tolerance in plants. Flora - Morphology, Distribution, Functional Ecology of Plants, 199, 361-376  https://doi.org/10.1078/0367-2530-00165
Ashraf M., Ali Q. (2008): Relative membrane permeability and activities of some antioxidant enzymes as the key determinants of salt tolerance in canola (Brassica napus L.). Environmental and Experimental Botany, 63, 266-273  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2007.11.008
Aslam R., Bostan N., Nabgha-e-Amen, Maria M., Safdar W. (2011): A critical review on halophytes: Salt tolerant plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5: 7108–7118.
Bartha C., Fodorpataki L., Martinez-Ballesta M. del C., Popescu O., Carvajal M. (2015): Sodium accumulation contributes to salt stress tolerance in lettuce cultivars. Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality, 88: 42–48.
Carillo P., Annunziata M.G., Pontecorvo G., Fuggi A., Woodrow P. (2011): Salinity stress and salt tolerance. In: Shanker A.K., Venkateswarlu B. (eds.): Abiotic Stress in Plants – Mechanisms and Adaptations. Rijeka, InTech.
Cheeseman John M. (2015): The evolution of halophytes, glycophytes and crops, and its implications for food security under saline conditions. New Phytologist, 206, 557-570  https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.13217
Dajic Z. (2006): Salt stress. In: Madhava R.K.V., Raghavendra A.S., Janardhan R.K. (eds.): Physiology and Molecular Biology of Stress Tolerance in Plants. Dordrecht, Springer.
Demidchik Vadim, Straltsova Darya, Medvedev Sergey S., Pozhvanov Grigoriy A., Sokolik Anatoliy, Yurin Vladimir (2014): Stress-induced electrolyte leakage: the role of K+-permeable channels and involvement in programmed cell death and metabolic adjustment. Journal of Experimental Botany, 65, 1259-1270  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eru004
Di Mola Ida, Rouphael Youssef, Colla Giuseppe, Fagnano Massimo, Paradiso Roberta, Mori Mauro (2017): Morphophysiological Traits and Nitrate Content of Greenhouse Lettuce as Affected by Irrigation with Saline Water. HortScience, 52, 1716-1721  https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI12501-17
Fakhrfeshani M., Shahriari-Ahmadi F., Niazi A., Moshtaghi N., Zare-Mehrjerdi M. (2015): The effect of salinity stress on Na+, K+ concentration, Na+/K+ ratio, electrolyte leakage and HKT expression profile in roots of Aeluropus littoralis. Journal of Plant Molecular Breeding, 3: 1–10.
Flowers Timothy J., Colmer Timothy D. (2008): Salinity tolerance in halophytes*. New Phytologist, 179, 945-963  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02531.x
Geilfus Christoph-Martin (2018): Chloride: from Nutrient to Toxicant. Plant and Cell Physiology, 59, 877-886  https://doi.org/10.1093/pcp/pcy071
MF Gu, Li N., TY Shao, XH Long, Brestič M., HB Shao, JB Li, rki S. (2016): Accumulation capacity of ions in cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) supplied with sea water  . Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 314-320  https://doi.org/10.17221/771/2015-PSE
James R. A., Blake C., Byrt C. S., Munns R. (2011): Major genes for Na+ exclusion, Nax1 and Nax2 (wheat HKT1;4 and HKT1;5), decrease Na+ accumulation in bread wheat leaves under saline and waterlogged conditions. Journal of Experimental Botany, 62, 2939-2947  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/err003
Kafi Mohammad, Rahimi Zainab (2011): Effect of salinity and silicon on root characteristics, growth, water status, proline content and ion accumulation of purslane ( Portulaca oleracea L.). Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 57, 341-347  https://doi.org/10.1080/00380768.2011.567398
Kim S.K., Kim I.K., Lee G.J. (2011): Growth responses of New Zealand spinach [Tetragonia tetragonoides (Pall.) Kuntze] to different soil texture and salinity. CNU Journal of Agricultural Science, 38: 631–639.
MAATHUIS F (): K+Nutrition and Na+Toxicity: The Basis of Cellular K+/Na+Ratios. Annals of Botany, 84, 123-133  https://doi.org/10.1006/anbo.1999.0912
Mahajan Shilpi, Tuteja Narendra (2005): Cold, salinity and drought stresses: An overview. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 444, 139-158  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.abb.2005.10.018
Mahmoudi Hela, Kaddour Rym, Huang Jun, Nasri Nawel, Olfa Baâtour, M’Rah Sabah, Hannoufa Abdelali, Lachaâl Mokhtar, Ouerghi Zeineb (2011): Varied tolerance to NaCl salinity is related to biochemical changes in two contrasting lettuce genotypes. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 33, 1613-1622  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11738-010-0696-2
Mansour Mohamed Magdy F., Salama Karima H.A. (2004): Cellular basis of salinity tolerance in plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 52, 113-122  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2004.01.009
Munns Rana, Tester Mark (2008): Mechanisms of Salinity Tolerance. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 59, 651-681  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.59.032607.092911
Neves M.A., Miguel M.G., Marques C., Panagopoulos T., Beltrão J.
(2008): The combined effects of salts and calcium on growth and mineral accumulation on Tetragonia tetragonioides. WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, 4: 1–5.
Nikalje Ganesh C., Srivastava Ashish K., Pandey Girdhar K., Suprasanna Penna (2018): Halophytes in biosaline agriculture: Mechanism, utilization, and value addition. Land Degradation & Development, 29, 1081-1095  https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2819
Ryuk Jin Ah, Ko Byoung-Seob, Lee Hye Won, Kim Da Sol, Kang Suna, Lee Yong Hyen, Park Sunmin (2017): Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pall.) Kuntze protects estrogen-deficient rats against disturbances of energy and glucose metabolism and decreases proinflammatory cytokines. Experimental Biology and Medicine, 242, 593-605  https://doi.org/10.1177/1535370216683835
Shrivastava Pooja, Kumar Rajesh (2015): Soil salinity: A serious environmental issue and plant growth promoting bacteria as one of the tools for its alleviation. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 22, 123-131  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2014.12.001
ZW Sun, LK Ren, JW Fan, Li Q., KJ Wang, MM Guo, Wang L., Li J., GX Zhang, ZY Yang, Chen F., XN Li (2016): Salt response of photosynthetic electron transport system in wheat cultivars with contrasting tolerance  . Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 515-521  https://doi.org/10.17221/529/2016-PSE
Tavakkoli Ehsan, Rengasamy Pichu, McDonald Glenn K. (2010): High concentrations of Na+ and Cl– ions in soil solution have simultaneous detrimental effects on growth of faba bean under salinity stress. Journal of Experimental Botany, 61, 4449-4459  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq251
TESTER M. (): Na+ Tolerance and Na+ Transport in Higher Plants. Annals of Botany, 91, 503-527  https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcg058
Uddin M.K., Juraimi A.S., Anwar F., Hossain M.A., Alam M.A. (2012): Effect of salinity on proximate mineral composition of purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science, 12: 1732–1736.
Ünlükara Ali, Cemek Bilal, Karaman Sedat, Erşahin Sabit (2008): Response of lettuce ( Lactuca sativa var. crispa ) to salinity of irrigation water. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 36, 265-273  https://doi.org/10.1080/01140670809510243
Yousif B.S., Nguyen N.T., Fukuda Y., Hakata H., Okamoto Y., Masaoka Y., Saneoka H. (2010): Effect of salinity on growth, mineral composition, photosynthesis and water relations of two vegetable crops; New Zealand spinach (Tetragonia tetragonioides) and water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12: 211–216.
Zakharin A. A., Panichkin L. A. (2009): Glycophyte salt resistance. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 56, 94-103  https://doi.org/10.1134/S1021443709010142
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti