Efficiency of nitrogen fertilization based on the fertilizer application method and type of maize cultivar (Zea mays L.)  

https://doi.org/10.17221/654/2015-PSECitation:Szulc P., Waligóra H., Michalski T., Rybus-Zając M., Olejarski P. (2016): Efficiency of nitrogen fertilization based on the fertilizer application method and type of maize cultivar (Zea mays L.)  . Plant Soil Environ., 62: 135-142.
download PDF
This article demonstrates the influence of the method using application of 100 kg N/ha of nitrogen fertilizer and hybrid types of maize (Zea mays L.) on selected efficiency indicators used for this macroelement. It was shown that in comparison to traditional broadcast fertilization, fertilization in rows or fertilization in rows combined partly with top dressing increased the values of such characteristics as nitrogen uptake and use, percentage of fertilizer nitrogen in the total nitrogen uptake as well as the agricultural and physiological effectiveness of the nitrogen. All the studied nitrogen effectiveness factors for maize (apart from physiological effectiveness) were significantly higher for the stay-green cultivar. In relation to a traditional cv. ES Palazzo, the cv. ES Paroli stay-green was characterised by poorer use of the nitrogen uptake regardless of the nitrogen fertilizer application method, which was visible in the lower values of physiological effectiveness.  
Borrell Andrew K., Hammer Graeme L. (2000): Nitrogen Dynamics and the Physiological Basis of Stay-Green in Sorghum. Crop Science, 40, 1295-  https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2000.4051295x
Chen Xinping, Zhou Jinchi, Wang Xinren, Blackmer Alfred M., Zhang Fusuo (2004): Optimal Rates of Nitrogen Fertilization for a Winter Wheat-Corn Cropping System in Northern China. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 35, 583-597  https://doi.org/10.1081/CSS-120029734
Hammad H.M., Ahmad A., Wajid A., Akhter J. (2011): Maize response to time and rate of nitrogen application. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43: 1935–1942.
Cassman Kenneth G., Dobermann Achim, Walters Daniel T., Yang Haishun (2003): M EETING C EREAL D EMAND W HILE P ROTECTING N ATURAL R ESOURCES AND I MPROVING E NVIRONMENTAL Q UALITY. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 28, 315-358  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.energy.28.040202.122858
IUSS Working Group WRB (2006): World Reference Base for Soil Resources. International soil classification system for naming soils and creating legends for soil maps. World Soil Resources Reports No. 103. Rome, FAO.
Kruczek A., Szulc P. (2000): The influence of foliar application of urea on N uptake and utilization by maize. Fragmenta Agronomica, 3: 18–29.
Kruczek A., Szulc P. (2006): Effect of fertilization method on the uptake and accumulation of mineral components in the initial period of maize development. International Agrophysics, 20: 11–22.
Mi G.H., Chen F.J., Zhang F.S. (2010): Physiological and genetic mechanisms for nitrogen-use efficiency in maize. Journal of Crop Sciences and Biotechnology, 10: 57–63.
Niu J., Chen F., Mi G., Li C., Zhang F. (2007): Transpiration, and Nitrogen Uptake and Flow in Two Maize (Zea mays L.) Inbred Lines as Affected by Nitrogen Supply. Annals of Botany, 99, 153-160  https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcl237
Peng Yunfeng, Niu Junfang, Peng Zhengping, Zhang Fusuo, Li Chunjian (2010): Shoot growth potential drives N uptake in maize plants and correlates with root growth in the soil. Field Crops Research, 115, 85-93  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2009.10.006
Potarzycki J. (2010): Improving nitrogen use efficiency of maize by better fertilizing practices. Review paper. Nawozy i Nawożenie/Fertilizers and Fertilization, 39: 5–24.
Rahimizadeh M., Kashani A., Zare-Feizabadi A., Koocheki A.R., Nassiri-Mahallati M. (2010): Nitrogen use efficiency of wheat as affected by preceding crop, application rate of nitrogen and crop residues. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 4: 363–368.
Szulc P. (2010): Effects of differentiated levels of nitrogen fertilization and the method of magnesium application on the utilization of nitrogen by two different maize cultivars for grain. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 19: 407–412.
Szulc P., Bocianowski J. (2012): The effect of soil supplementation with different forms of nitrogen fertilizer on modification of generative yield in two different types of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Polish Journal of Agronomy, 11: 52–64.
Szulc P., Bocianowski J., Rybus-Zając M. (2012): Accumulation of N, P, K and Mg nutrient elements and nutrient remobilization indices in the biomass of two contrasting maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 21: 2062–2071.
Szulc P. (2013): Effects of soil supplementation with urea and magnesium on nitrogen uptake, and utilisation by two different forms of maize (Zea mays L.) differing in senescence rates. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 22: 239–248.
Ta C. T., Weiland R. T. (1992): Nitrogen Partitioning in Maize during Ear Development. Crop Science, 32, 443-  https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1992.0011183X003200020032x
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti