Tillage effect on soil organic carbon, microbial biomass carbon and crop yield in spring wheat-field pea rotation  

https://doi.org/10.17221/66/2016-PSECitation:Yeboah S., Zhang R., Cai L., Li L., Xie J., Luo Z., Liu J., Wu J. (2016): Tillage effect on soil organic carbon, microbial biomass carbon and crop yield in spring wheat-field pea rotation  . Plant Soil Environ., 62: 279-285.
download PDF
This research was conducted to assess the influence of long-term tillage system on soil organic carbon, microbial biomass carbon, root biomass and crop yield in spring wheat-field pea rotation fields in a rainfed semi-arid environment from 2013 through 2015. The treatments were; conventional tillage with stubble removed (T); no-till with stubble removed (NT); no-till with stubble retained (NTS) and conventional tillage with stubble incorporated (TS) arranged in a randomised complete block design with three replicates. The soil organic carbon in NTS increased by 16% and 14% over T and NT. Compared with the T and NT, NTS increased soil microbial biomass carbon by 42% and 38% in 0–30 cm depth, respectively. Root biomass was significantly increased in NTS by 47% and 54% over T and NT, respectively. Across the three years, NTS had an average grain yield of 53% and 41% higher than T and NT, respectively. Compared with NTS, T and NT decreased root biomass by 54% and 48%, respectively. In view of the limited and erratic biomass production in this region, integration of no-till with straw mulching is recommended for soil fertility improvement, environmental quality and sustainable crop production.
Baker J.M., Ochsner T.E., Venterea R.T., Griffis T.J. (2007): Tillage and soil carbon sequestration – What do we really know? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 118: 1–5.
Bausenwein U., Gattinger A., Langer U., Embacher A., Hartmann H.-P., Sommer M., Munch J.C., Schloter M. (2008): Exploring soil microbial communities and soil organic matter: Variability and interactions in arable soils under minimum tillage practice. Applied Soil Ecology, 40, 67-77  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2008.03.006
Bhattacharyya Ranjan, Prakash Ved, Kundu S., Pandey S. C., Srivastva A. K., Gupta H. S. (2009): Effect of fertilisation on carbon sequestration in soybean–wheat rotation under two contrasting soils and management practices in the Indian Himalayas. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 47, 592-  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR08236
Bolinder M.A., Janzen H.H., Gregorich E.G., Angers D.A., VandenBygaart A.J. (2007): An approach for estimating net primary productivity and annual carbon inputs to soil for common agricultural crops in Canada. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 118, 29-42  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2006.05.013
Franzluebbers A.J (2002): Soil organic matter stratification ratio as an indicator of soil quality. Soil and Tillage Research, 66, 95-106  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(02)00018-1
Grove J.H., Ward R.C., Weil R.R. (2007): Nutrient stratification in no-till soils. The Journal of No-Till Agriculture, 6: 374–381.
Hobbs P. R, Sayre K., Gupta R. (2008): The role of conservation agriculture in sustainable agriculture. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 363, 543-555  https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2007.2169
HUANG Gao-bao, CHAI Qiang, FENG Fu-xue, YU Ai-zhong (2012): Effects of Different Tillage Systems on Soil Properties, Root Growth, Grain Yield, and Water Use Efficiency of Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Arid Northwest China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 11, 1286-1296  https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(12)60125-7
Huang Zhiqun, Xu Zhihong, Chen Chengrong (2008): Effect of mulching on labile soil organic matter pools, microbial community functional diversity and nitrogen transformations in two hardwood plantations of subtropical Australia. Applied Soil Ecology, 40, 229-239  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2008.04.009
JOHNSON J, FRANZLUEBBERS A, WEYERS S, REICOSKY D (2007): Agricultural opportunities to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions☆☆☆. Environmental Pollution, 150, 107-124  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2007.06.030
Jordan D., Kremer R. J., Bergfield W. A., Kim K. Y., Cacnio V. N. (1995): Evaluation of microbial methods as potential indicators of soil quality in historical agricultural fields. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 19, 297-302  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00336098
Ladd J.N., Amato M. (1989): Relationship between microbial biomass carbon in soils and absorbance (260 nm) of extracts of fumigated soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 21, 457-459  https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(89)90160-0
Lal R. (2004): Soil Carbon Sequestration Impacts on Global Climate Change and Food Security. Science, 304, 1623-1627  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1097396
Liu C.A., Jin S.L., Zhou L.M., Jia Y., Li F.M., Xiong Y.C., Li X.G. (2009): Effects of plastic film mulch and tillage on maize productivity and soil parameters. European Journal of Agronomy, 31, 241-249  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2009.08.004
Nelson D.W., Sommers L.W. (1982): Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. In: Page A.L., Miller R.H., Keeney D.R. (eds.): Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. 2nd Ed. Chemical and Microbiological Properties. Madison, American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science, 301–312.
Sharma K. L., Grace J. Kusuma, Mandal Uttam Kumar, Gajbhiye Pravin N., Srinivas K., Korwar G. R., Hima Bindu V., Ramesh V., Ramachandran Kausalya, Yadav S. K. (2008): Evaluation of long-term soil management practices using key indicators and soil quality indices in a semi-arid tropical Alfisol. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 46, 368-  https://doi.org/10.1071/SR07184
Tarkalson David D., Hergert Gary W., Cassman Kenneth G. (2006): Long-Term Effects of Tillage on Soil Chemical Properties and Grain Yields of a Dryland Winter Wheat–Sorghum/Corn–Fallow Rotation in the Great Plains. Agronomy Journal, 98, 26-  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2004.0240
Verhulst N., Govaerts B., Verachtert E., Castellanos-Navarrete A., Mezzalama M., Wall P., Deckers J., Sayre K.D. (2010): Conservation agriculture, improving soil quality for sustainable production systems? In: Lal R., Stewart B.A. (eds.): Advances in Soil Science: Food Security and Soil Quality. Boca Raton, CRC Press, 137–208.
West Tristram O., Post Wilfred M. (2002): Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration Rates by Tillage and Crop Rotation. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 66, 1930-  https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2002.1930
Yang Xueming, Drury Craig F., Wander Michelle M. (2013): A wide view of no-tillage practices and soil organic carbon sequestration. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil & Plant Science, 63, 523-530  https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710.2013.816363
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti