The effect of different copper doses and organic fertilisation on soil’s enzymatic activity B., Wysokiński A., Trębicka J. (2020): The effect of different copper doses and organic fertilisation on soil’s enzymatic activity. Plant Soil Environ., 66: 93-98.
download PDF

A three-year pot experiment carried out in the vegetation hall in 2014–2016 included studying the enzymatic activity of soil, into which various amounts of copper: (100, 200 and 300 mg Cu/kg soil) and organic materials (cattle manure, chicken manure, post-mushroom substrate) were introduced, used separately, at a soil-introduction dose of 2 g Corg/kg. Copper and organic materials were used once, only in the first year of the study, before sowing test plant orchard grass. In soil collected after the last (fourth) swath of grass in each year of the study, the activity of urease, dehydrogenases, acid, and alkaline phosphatase was determined. Applications of copper to the soil, regardless of its dose, resulted in a decrease in urease, dehydrogenases and alkaline phosphatase and an increase in acid phosphatase activity. The inactivating effect of this metal on the activity of urease, dehydrogenases and alkaline phosphatase increased with the increase of its dose. Organic fertilisation generally increased the enzymatic activity of the analysed soil. In subsequent years of the study, urease and alkaline phosphatase activity decreased, while acid phosphatase activity increased. Dehydrogenase activity did not change significantly in subsequent years of the study.


Acosta-Martínez V., Cruz L., Sotomayor-Ramírez D., Pérez-Alegría L.
(2007): Enzyme activities as affected by soil properties and land use in a tropical watershed. Applied Soil Ecology, 35: 35–45.
Angelovičová L., Lodenius M., Tulisalo E., Fazekašová D. (2014): Effect of heavy metals on soil enzyme activity at different field conditions in middle spis mining area (Slovakia). Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 93: 670–675.
Becker J.M., Parkin T., Nakatsu C.H., Wilbur J.D., Konopka A. (2006): Bacterial activity, community structure, and centimeter-scale spatial heterogeneity in contaminated soil. Microbial Ecology, 51: 220–231.
Bhavya V.P., Anil Kumar S., Kiran S.K., Alur A., Shivakumar K.M., Shivanna M. (2018): Effect of different cropping system on important soil enzyme activity, organic carbon and microbial activity with different depth. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7: 315–322.
Błońska E., Lasota J., Zwydak M. (2017): The relationship between soil properties, enzyme activity and land use. Forest Research Papers, 78: 39–44.
Casida L.E.Jr., Klein D.D.A., Santoro T. (1964): Soil dehydrogenase activity. Soil Sciences, 98: 371–376.
Chang E.H., Chung R.S., Tsai Y.H. (2007): Effect of different application rates of organic fertilizer on soil enzyme activity and microbial population. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 52: 132–140.
Chaperon S., Sauvé S. (2007): Toxicity interaction of metals (Ag, Cu, Hg, Zn) to urease and dehydrogenase activities in soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 39: 2329–2338.
Cuske M., Karczewska A. (2016): Influence of organic matter on the solubility of heavy metals in contaminated soils – a review of literature. Environmental Engineering, 162: 39–59.
Dick R.P. (1992): A review: long-term effects of agricultural systems on soil biochemical and microbial parameters. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 40: 25–36.
Fernández-Calviño D., Martín A., Arias-Estévez M., Bååth E., Díaz-Raviña M. (2010): Microbial community structure of vineyard soils with different pH and copper content. Applied Soil Ecology, 46: 276–282.
Hoffman G., Teicher K. (1961): Einkolorimetrisches Verfahrenzur Bestimmung der Ureaseaktivitat in Boden. Zeit Pflanzenernaehr Dung Bodenkunde, 95: 55–63.
Kalembasa S., Kuziemska B. (2011): Effect of nickel contamination on soil enzymatic activity. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 20: 1724–1731.
Kotroczó Z., Veres Z., Fekete I., Krakomperger Z., Tóth J.A., Lajtha K., Tóthmérész B. (2014): Soil enzyme activity in response to long-term organic matter manipulation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 70: 237–243.
Li Q., Hu Q.J., Zhang C.L., Jin Z.J. (2018): Effects of Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu on soil enzyme activity and soil properties related to agricultural land-use practices in Karst area contaminated by Pb-Zn tailings. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 27: 2623–2632.
Nowak J., Szymczak J., Słobodzian T. (2003): Am attempt to determination of the 50% toxicity threshold for different heavy metals affecting the phosphatase activity. Advances of Agricultural Sciences Problem Issues, 492: 241–248.
Oliveira A., Pampulha M.E. (2006): Effects of long-term heavy metal contamination on soil microbial characteristics. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 102: 157–161.
Olszowska G. (2016): Soil enzymatic activity in artificially and naturally regenerated forests after wind damage in north-eastern Poland. Forest Research Papers, 77: 89–93.
Russel S. (2005): The significance of studies on enzymes in soil environment. Acta Agrophysica, Dissertations and Monographs, 3: 5–9.
Tabatabai M.A., Bremner J.M. (1969): Use of p-nitrophenol phosphate for assay of soil phosphatase activity. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 1: 301–307.
Wang Y.P., Shi J.Y., Wang H., Lin Q., Chen X.C., Chen Y.X. (2007): The influence of soil heavy metals pollution on soil microbial biomass, enzyme activity, and community composition near a copper smelter. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 67: 75–81.
Wang Q.Y., Zhou D.M., Cang L. (2009): Microbial and enzyme properties of apple orchard soil as affected by long-term application of copper fungicide. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 41: 1504–1509.
Wyszkowska J., Borowik A., Kucharski M., Kucharski J. (2013): Effect of cadmium, copper and zinc on plants, soil microorganisms and soil enzymes. Journal of Elementology, 18: 769–796.
Wyszkowska J., Boros-Lajszner E., Lajszner W., Kucharski J. (2017): Reaction of soil enzymes and spring barley to copper chloride and copper sulphate. Environmental Earth Sciences, 76: 403.
Wyszkowska J., Kucharski J., Lajszner W. (2005): Enzymatic activities in different soils contaminated with copper. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 14: 659–664.
Zhan J., Sun Q.Y. (2014): Development of microbial properties and enzyme activities in copper mine wasteland during natural restoration. Catena, 116: 86–94.
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti