Weed vegetation in conventional and organic farming in West Bohemia (Czech Republic)

https://doi.org/10.17221/6/2021-PSECitation:

Tyšer L., Kolářová M., Tulačka O., Hamouz P. (2021): Weed vegetation in conventional and organic farming in West Bohemia (Czech Republic). Plant Soil Environ., 67: 376–382.

 

download PDF

The paper presents species richness and composition of arable weed vegetation in the region of West Bohemia (Czech Republic) in different types of farming (conventional and organic) and grown crops (winter and spring cereals, wide-row crops). During the field survey in the years 2007 to 2017, 105 phytocoenological relevés were recorded. The average species richness in one relevé was significantly higher in organic farming, as well as total weed cover. The lowest species richness was found in wide-row crops. Recently widespread species belonged to the most frequent species in our study. Based on multivariate statistics, the effects of variables on the occurrence of weed species were found as statistically significant. Most of the variability in data was explained by crop, following by type of farming. Weed species of Fabaceae Lindl. family (especially Vicia L.) and many perennial species positively correlated with the organic type of farming. Endangered species were found mainly in organic farming and cereals. Less intensive cultivation with a higher weed cover is beneficial for the promotion of biodiversity.

 

References:
Albrecht H., Mattheis A. (1998): The effects of organic and integrated farming on rare arable weeds on the Forschungsverbund Agrarökosysteme München (FAM) research station in southern Bavaria. Biological Conservation, 86: 347–356. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(98)00028-7
 
Azeez G. (2000): The Biodiversity Benefits of Organic Farming. Bristol, Soil Association. ISBN: 0905200756
 
Baessler C., Klotz S. (2006): Effects of changes in agricultural land-use on landscape structure and arable weed vegetation over the last 50 years. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 115: 43–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2005.12.007
 
Barbieri P., Pellerin S., Nesme T. (2017): Comparing crop rotations between organic and conventional farming. Scientific Reports, 7: 13761. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14271-6
 
Benaragama D., Leeson J.L., Shirtliffe S.J. (2019): Understanding the long-term weed community dynamics in organic and conventional crop rotations using the principal response curve method. Weed Science, 67: 195–204. https://doi.org/10.1017/wsc.2018.64
 
Bengtsson J., Ahnström J., Weibull A.-C. (2005): The effects of organic agriculture on biodiversity and abundance: a meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42: 261–269. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2005.01005.x
 
Berbeć A.K., Feledyn-Szewczyk B. (2018): Biodiversity of weeds and soil seed bank in organic and conventional farming systems. Research for Rural Development, 2: 12–19.
 
Braak C.J.F. ter, Šmilauer P. (2002): CANOCO 4.5. Wageningen, Biometris.
 
Chamorro L., Masalles R.M., Sans F.X. (2016): Arable weed decline in Northeast Spain: Does organic farming recover functional biodiversity? Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 223: 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.11.027
 
Cimalová Š., Lososová Z. (2009): Arable weed vegetation of the northeastern part of the Czech Republic: effects of environmental factors on species composition. Plant Ecology, 203: 45–57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11258-008-9503-1
 
Clergue B., Amiaud B., Pervanchon F., Lasserre-Joulin F., Plantureux S. (2005): Biodiversity: function and assessment in agricultural areas. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 25: 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1051/agro:2004049
 
Edesi L., Järvan M., Adamson A., Lauringson E., Kuht J. (2012): Weed species diversity and community composition in conventional and organic farming: a five-year experiment. Žemdirbystė=Agriculture, 99: 339–346.
 
Elsen T. van (2000): Species diversity as a task for organic agriculture in Europe. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 77: 101–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(99)00096-1
 
EPPO (2020): EPPO Global Database. Available at: https://gd.eppo.int
 
Geiger F., Bengtsson J., Berendse F., Weisser W.W., Emmerson M., Morales M.B., Ceryngier P., Liira J., Tscharntke T., Winqvist C., Eggers S., Bommarco R., Pärt T., Bretagnolle V., Plantegenest M., Clement L.W., Dennis C., Palmer C., Oñate J.J., Guerrero I., Hawro V., Aavik T., Thies C., Flohre A., Hänke S., Fischer C., Goedhart P.W., Inchausti P. (2010): Persistent negative effects of pesticides on biodiversity and biological control potential on European farmland. Basic and Applied Ecology, 11: 97–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2009.12.001
 
Grulich V. (2012): Red List of vascular plants of the Czech Republic: 3rd edition. Preslia, 84: 631–645.
 
Hald A.B. (1999): Weed vegetation (wild flora) of long established organic versus conventional cereal fields in Denmark. Annals of Applied Biology, 134: 307–314. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1999.tb05269.x
 
Hilbig W., Bachthaler G. (1992): Wirtschaftsbedingte Veränderungen der Segetalvegetation in Deutschland im Zeitraum von 1950–1990. Journal of Applied Botany, 66: 192–200.
 
Jursík M., Holec J., Hamouz P., Soukup J. (2018): Biology and Control of Weeds. České Budějovice, Kurent. ISBN 978-80-87111-71-0 (In Czech)
 
Kolářová M., Tyšer L., Soukup J. (2013a): Diversity of current weed vegetation on arable land in selected areas of the Czech Republic. Plant, Soil and Environment, 59: 208–213. https://doi.org/10.17221/783/2012-PSE
 
Kolářová M., Tyšer L., Soukup J. (2013b): Impact of site conditions and farming practices on the occurrence of rare and endangered weeds on arable land in the Czech Republic. Weed Research, 53: 489–498. https://doi.org/10.1111/wre.12045
 
Kubát K., Hrouda L., Chrtek J.Jr., Kaplan Z., Kirschner J., Štěpánek J. (2002): Key to the Flora of the Czech Republic. Prague, Academia. ISBN 80-200-0836-5 (In Czech)
 
Lososová Z., Chytrý M., Cimalová S., Kropáč Z., Otýpková Z., Pyšek P., Tichý L. (2004): Weed vegetation of arable land in Central Europe: gradients of diversity and species composition. Journal of Vegetation Science, 15: 415–422. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1654-1103.2004.tb02279.x
 
Lososová Z., Chytrý M., Kühn I. (2008): Plant attributes determining the regional abundance of weeds on central European arable land. Journal of Biogeography, 35: 177–187.
 
Maarel E. van der, Franklin J. (2013): Vegetation Ecology. 2nd Edition. Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-4443-3888-1
 
Májeková J., Zaliberová M., Škodová I. (2019): Weed vegetation of arable land in Slovakia: diversity and species composition. Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae, 88: 3637.  https://doi.org/10.5586/asbp.3637
 
Meyer S., Wesche K., Krause B., Leuschner C. (2013): Dramatic losses of specialist arable plants in Central Germany since the 1950s/60s – a cross-regional analysis. Diversity and Distributions, 19: 1175–1187. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12102
 
Němec J. (2001): Bonitation and Evaluation of Agricultural Land in the Czech Republic. Prague, Institute of Agricultural Economics and Information. ISBN 80-85898-90-X (In Czech)
 
Pyšek P., Jarošík V., Kropáč Z., Chytrý M., Wild J., Tichý L. (2005): Effects of abiotic factors on species richness and cover in Central European weed communities. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 109: 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2005.02.018
 
Rahmann G. (2011): Biodiversity and Organic farming: What do we know? Landbauforschung Volkenrode, 61: 189–208.
 
Roschewitz I., Gabriel D., Tscharntke T., Thies C. (2005): The effects of landscape complexity on arable weed species diversity in organic and conventional farming. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42: 873–882. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2005.01072.x
 
Rydberg N.T., Milberg P. (2000): A survey of weeds in organic farming in Sweden. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 18: 175–185. https://doi.org/10.1080/01448765.2000.9754878
 
Schumacher M., Ohnmacht S., Rosenstein R., Gerhards R. (2018): How management factors influence weed communities of cereals, their diversity and endangered weed species in Central Europe. Agriculture, 8: 172.  https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture8110172
 
Stoate C., Boatman N.D., Borralho R.J., Carvalho C. Rio, de Snoo G.R., Eden P. (2001): Ecological impacts of arable intensification in Europe. Journal of Environmental Management, 63: 337–365. https://doi.org/10.1006/jema.2001.0473
 
Zimdahl R.L. (1999): Fundamentals of Weed Science. San Diego, Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-781062-5
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti