Effect of cultivar, flesh colour, locality and year on carotenoid content in potato tubers

https://doi.org/10.17221/731/2015-PSECitation:Hamouz K., Pazderů K., Lachman J., Čepl J., Kotíková Z. (2016): Effect of cultivar, flesh colour, locality and year on carotenoid content in potato tubers. Plant Soil Environ., 62: 86-91.
download PDF
In this study, twelve cultivars of potato with different flesh colour (yellow, purple and red) were cultivated in 2012 and 2013 in two trial localities in the Czech Republic and evaluated for the main individual carotenoids. The content of total carotenoids (TC) in analysed cultivars ranged in 1.1–12.2 mg/kg in dry matter (DM) and was influenced by genotype cultivar, locality and year. Cv. Agria (yellow flesh) reached 1.8 to 11.8 times higher levels of TC compared with cultivars of coloured flesh. Locality and year of higher average temperatures during the growing season produced higher TC contents in tubers. Genotype significantly influenced the content and composition of individual carotenoids. As in cv. Agria, violaxanthin (41%) and lutein (55–78%) dominated in all cultivars with coloured flesh. The relative content of β-carotene in cv. Agria represented 2% of TC, in cultivars with coloured flesh 5–12% TC.
References:
Andre Christelle M., Ghislain Marc, Bertin Pierre, Oufir Mouhssin, del Rosario Herrera María, Hoffmann Lucien, Hausman Jean-François, Larondelle Yvan, Evers Danièle (2007): Andean Potato Cultivars ( Solanum tuberosum L.) as a Source of Antioxidant and Mineral Micronutrients. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55, 366-378  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062740i
 
Brown C. R., Durst R. W., Wrolstad R., De Jong W. (2008): Variability of Phytonutrient Content of Potato in Relation to Growing Location and Cooking Method. Potato Research, 51, 259-270  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11540-008-9115-0
 
Breithaupt Dietmar E., Bamedi Ameneh (2002): Carotenoids and Carotenoid Esters in Potatoes ( Solanum tuberosum L.):  New Insights into an Ancient Vegetable. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50, 7175-7181  https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0257953
 
Burgos Gabriela, Amoros Walter, Salas Elisa, Muñoa Lupita, Sosa Paola, Díaz Carlos, Bonierbale Merideth (2012): Carotenoid concentrations of native Andean potatoes as affected by cooking. Food Chemistry, 133, 1131-1137  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.09.002
 
Ezekiel Rajarathnam, Singh Narpinder, Sharma Shagun, Kaur Amritpal (2013): Beneficial phytochemicals in potato — a review. Food Research International, 50, 487-496  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2011.04.025
 
Fernandez-Orozco Rebeca, Gallardo-Guerrero Lourdes, Hornero-Méndez Dámaso (2013): Carotenoid profiling in tubers of different potato (Solanum sp) cultivars: Accumulation of carotenoids mediated by xanthophyll esterification. Food Chemistry, 141, 2864-2872  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.05.016
 
Hamouz K., Pazderů K., Lachman J., Orsák M., Pivec V., Hejtmánková K., Tomášek J., Čížek M. (2014): Effect of cultivar, flesh colour, location and year of cultivation on the glycoalkaloid content in potato tubers. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 512–517.
 
Hejtmánková Kateřina, Kotíková Zora, Hamouz Karel, Pivec Vladimír, Vacek Josef, Lachman Jaromír (2013): Influence of flesh colour, year and growing area on carotenoid and anthocyanin content in potato tubers. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 32, 20-27  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2013.07.001
 
Lachman Jaromír, Hamouz Karel, Orsák Matyáš, Pivec Vladimír, Hejtmánková Kateřina, Pazderů Kateřina, Dvořák Petr, Čepl Jaroslav (2012): Impact of selected factors – Cultivar, storage, cooking and baking on the content of anthocyanins in coloured-flesh potatoes. Food Chemistry, 133, 1107-1116  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.07.077
 
Kotíková Z., Hejtmánková A., Lachman J., Hamouz K., Trnková E., Dvořák P. (2007): Effect of selected factors on total carotenoid content in potato tubers (Solanum tuberosum L.). Plant, Soil and Environment, 53: 355–360.
 
Morris W. L. (2004): Carotenogenesis during tuber development and storage in potato. Journal of Experimental Botany, 55, 975-982  https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erh121
 
Valcarcel Jesus, Reilly Kim, Gaffney Michael, O’Brien Nora (2015): Total Carotenoids and l-Ascorbic Acid Content in 60 Varieties of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Grown in Ireland. Potato Research, 58, 29-41  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11540-014-9270-4
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences