Biosolids affect the growth, nitrogen accumulation and nitrogen leaching of barley
Biosolids are organic fertilisers derived from treated and stabilised sewage sludge that increase soil fertility and supply nitrogen to crops over a long period, but can also increase the risk of nitrogen (N) leaching. In this work, spring barley was grown in lysimeters filled with soil amended with biosolids, and with and without mineral N fertilisation. Biomass and the N concentration and content of shoots and roots were determined at flowering and maturity, and the N remobilization was calculated during grain filling. Drainage water was collected and analysed for N leaching. Biosolids increased soil porosity and soil nitrate, and positively affected the growth and N uptake of barley. Compared to mineral fertilisers, biosolids produced 18% higher vegetative biomass and 40% higher grain yield. During grain filling, both N uptake and N remobilization were higher with biosolids, which increased the grain N content by 32%. Nitrogen loss in leachates was 1.2% of plant uptake with mineral fertilisers and 1.7% with biosolids. Thus, soil fertilisation with biosolids greatly benefits spring barley, only slightly increasing N leaching.
Antolín M. Carmen, Pascual Inmaculada, García Carlos, Polo Alfredo, Sánchez-Díaz Manuel (2005): Growth, yield and solute content of barley in soils treated with sewage sludge under semiarid Mediterranean conditions. Field Crops Research, 94, 224-237 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2005.01.009
Antoniadis V., Koutroubas S. D., Fotiadis S. (2015): Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium Availability in Manure- and Sewage Sludge–Applied Soil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 46, 393-404 https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2014.983241
Binder Darren L., Dobermann Achim, Sander Donald H., Cassman Kenneth G. (2002): Biosolids as Nitrogen Source for Irrigated Maize and Rainfed Sorghum. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 66, 531- https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2002.5310
Burgos Pilar, Madejón Engracia, Cabrera Francisco (2016): Nitrogen mineralization and nitrate leaching of a sandy soil amended with different organic wastes. Waste Management & Research, 24, 175-182 https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X06062876
Roberto Cardelli, Iduna Arduini, Fausto Marchini, Alessandro Masoni, Alessandro Saviozzi (2017): Changes in biological properties and antioxidant capacity of an agricultural soil amended with sewage sludge. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 63, 2062-2073 https://doi.org/10.1080/03650340.2017.1325469
Christie Peter, Easson D.Lindsay, Picton Jane R., Love Stanley C.P. (2001): Agronomic Value of Alkaline-Stabilized Sewage Biosolids for Spring Barley. Agronomy Journal, 93, 144- https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2001.931144x
Elbl J., Vaverková M., Adamcová D., Plošek L., Kintl A., Lošák T., Hynšt J., Kotovicová J. (2014): Influence of fertilization on microbial activities, soil hydrophobicity and mineral nitrogen leaching. Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S, 21: 661–675.
Esperschuetz J., Anderson C., Bulman S., Lense O., Horswell J., Dickinson N., Hofmann R., Robinson B. H. (2016): Production of Biomass Crops Using Biowastes on Low-Fertility Soil: 1. Influence of Biowastes on Plant and Soil Quality. Journal of Environment Quality, 45, 1960- https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2015.12.0596
Esperschuetz J., Bulman S., Anderson C., Lense O., Horswell J., Dickinson N., Robinson B.H. (2016b): Production of biomass crops using biowastes on low-fertility soil: 2. Effect of biowastes on nitrogen transformation processes. Journal of Environmental Quality, 45: 1970–1978.
Eldridge S. M., Chan K. Y., Xu Z. H., Chen C. R., Barchia I. (2008): Plant-available nitrogen supply from granulated biosolids: implications for land application guidelines. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 46, 423- https://doi.org/10.1071/SR07234
Fumagalli Mattia, Perego Alessia, Acutis Marco (2013): Modelling nitrogen leaching from sewage sludge application to arable land in the Lombardy region (northern Italy). Science of The Total Environment, 461-462, 509-518 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.05.029
Kępka Wojciech, Antonkiewicz Jacek, Jasiewicz Czesława, Gambuś Florian, Witkowicz Robert (2016): The effect of municipal sewage sludge on the chemical composition of spring barley. Soil Science Annual, 67, - https://doi.org/10.1515/ssa-2016-0015
Koutroubas Spyridon D., Antoniadis Vasileios, Fotiadis Sideris, Damalas Christos A. (2014): Growth, grain yield and nitrogen use efficiency of Mediterranean wheat in soils amended with municipal sewage sludge. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 100, 227-243 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-014-9641-x
Luo Yongming, Qiao Xianliang, Song Jing, Christie Peter, Wong Minghung (2003): Use of a multi-layer column device for study on leachability of nitrate in sludge-amended soils. Chemosphere, 52, 1483-1488 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(03)00486-7
Mariscal-Sancho I., Ball B. C., Peregrina F. (2011): Soil Quality Dynamics Following Long-Term Application of Poultry Manure and Sewage Sludge on Grassland. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 42, 656-668 https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2011.550369
Masoni Alessandro, Ercoli Laura, Mariotti Marco, Arduini Iduna (2007): Post-anthesis accumulation and remobilization of dry matter, nitrogen and phosphorus in durum wheat as affected by soil type. European Journal of Agronomy, 26, 179-186 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2006.09.006
Plošek L., Elbl J., Lošák T., Kužel S., Kintl A., Juřička D., Kynický J., Martensson A., Brtnický M. (2017): Leaching of mineral nitrogen in the soil influenced by addition of compost and N-mineral fertilizer. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B — Soil & Plant Science, 67, 607-614 https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710.2017.1322632
Przulj Novo, Momcilovic Vojislava (2001): Genetic variation for dry matter and nitrogen accumulation and translocation in two-rowed spring barley. European Journal of Agronomy, 15, 255-265 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301(01)00108-3
Rigby Hannah, Clarke Bradley O., Pritchard Deborah L., Meehan Barry, Beshah Firew, Smith Stephen R., Porter Nichola A. (2016): A critical review of nitrogen mineralization in biosolids-amended soil, the associated fertilizer value for crop production and potential for emissions to the environment. Science of The Total Environment, 541, 1310-1338 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.089
Sharma Bhavisha, Sarkar Abhijit, Singh Pooja, Singh Rajeev Pratap (2017): Agricultural utilization of biosolids: A review on potential effects on soil and plant grown. Waste Management, 64, 117-132 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2017.03.002
Sullivan Dan M., Bary Andy I., Cogger Craig G., Shearin Todd E. (2009): Predicting Biosolids Application Rates for Dryland Wheat across a Range of Northwest Climate Zones. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 40, 1770-1789 https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620902896688