Dynamics of the nitrogen uptake by spring barley at injection application of nitrogen fertilizers
O. Sedlář, J. Balík, J. Černý, L. Peklová, K. Kubešováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/76/2013-PSECitation:Sedlář O., Balík J., Černý J., Peklová L., Kubešová K. (2013): Dynamics of the nitrogen uptake by spring barley at injection application of nitrogen fertilizers . Plant Soil Environ., 59: 392-397.
Influence of CULTAN system (controlled uptake long term ammonium nutrition) on the nitrogen uptake by spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was observed at 5-year small-plot field experiments under conditions of the Czech Republic (central Europe). Nitrogen uptake by CULTAN-fertilized plants was more even during vegetation period probably due to delayed term of fertilizer application. Nitrogen concentration in the aboveground biomass at BBCH 51 and in straw had no effect on grain yield. Post-heading nitrogen uptake as well as contribution of nitrogen translocation to total nitrogen in grain did not differ among both nitrogen fertilization treatments. Increase in grain size of spring barley by the CULTAN system can be explained by tendency to lower number of ears per area rather than by prolonged nitrogen uptake from soil. Lower protein content in grain of CULTAN-fertilized spring barley can be caused by increase in grain retained on a 2.5 mm sieve and also decrease in total nitrogen concentration in above-ground biomass at BBCH 51. No significant effect of CULTAN treatment on nitrogen use efficiency and nitrogen uptake efficiency was recorded. Significantly higher nitrogen utilization efficiency at CULTAN treatment could be explained by lower grain protein content compared to conventional treatment.Keywords:
depot; nitrification; nitrate; leaching and losses; nitrogen assimilation