Antagonistic activity of selected fungi of the soil environment of carrot

https://doi.org/10.17221/792/2017-PSECitation:Patkowska E., Jamiołkowska A., Błażewicz-Woźniak M. (2018): Antagonistic activity of selected fungi of the soil environment of carrot. Plant Soil Environ., 64: 58-63.
download PDF

The present studies aim at determining the antagonistic effect of selected fungi species occurring in the soil under carrot cultivation towards Altenaria dauci (J.G. Kühn) J.W. Groves & Skolko, Alternaria radicina Meier, Drechsler & E.D. Eddy, Fusarium oxysporum E.F. Sm & Swingle, Rhizoctonia solani J.G. Kühn and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary. The field experiment considered cover crops (oats, tansy phacelia and vetch). The control consisted of traditional carrot cultivation (without cover crops). Statistically, the smallest population of fungi was found in 1 g of soil dry weight after the application of oats, and a slightly bigger – after tansy phacelia and vetch. The largest population of fungi was obtained in the traditional cultivation of carrot. Cover crops contributed to the increase of the population of antagonistic Clonostachys spp., Myrothecium spp., Penicillium spp. and Trichoderma spp. in the soil. Regardless of the experimental treatment, those antagonistic fungi were the most effective in limiting the growth of S. sclerotiorum, A. dauci and A. radicina. The effect of those fungi was a little smaller towards F. oxysporum and R. solani. Oats as a cover crop had the best effect on the antagonistic activity of the studied fungi occurring in the soil environment of carrot.

References:
Adler M.J., Chase C.A. (2007): Comparison of the allelopathic potential of leguminous summer cover crops: Cowpea, sunn hemp, and velvetbean. HortScience, 42: 289–293.
 
Banaay C.G.B., Cuevas V.C., Vera Cruz C.M. (2012): Trichoderma ghanense promotes plant growth and controls disease caused by Pythium arrhenomanes in seedlings of aerobic rice variety apo. The Philippine Agricultural Scientist, 95: 175–184.
 
Borowy A. (2013): Growth and yield of ‘Hamburg’ parsley under no-tillage cultivation using white mustard as a cover crop. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus, 12: 13–32.
 
Czaban J., Gajda A., Wróblewska B. (2007): The mobility of bacteria from rhizosphere and different zones of winter wheat roots. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 16: 301–308.
 
Gella D., Ashagre H., Negewo T. (2013): Allelopathic effect of aqueous extracts of major weed species plant parts on germination and growth of wheat. Journal of Agricultural and Crop Research, 1: 30–35.
 
Kęsik T., Błażewicz-Woźniak M., Wach D. (2010): Influence of conservation tillage in onion production on the soil organic matter content and soil aggregate formation. International Agrophysics, 24: 267–273.
 
Kosterna E. (2014): The yield and quality of broccoli grown under flat covers with soil mulching. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 228–233.
 
Krauss Ulrike, ten Hoopen Martijn, Rees Robert, Stirrup Tim, Argyle Tim, George André, Arroyo Claudio, Corrales Eduardo, Casanoves Fernando (2013): Mycoparasitism by Clonostachys byssicola and Clonostachys rosea on Trichoderma spp. from cocoa (Theobroma cacao) and implication for the design of mixed biocontrol agents. Biological Control, 67, 317-327  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocontrol.2013.09.011
 
Mańka K., Kowalski S. (1968): The effect of communities of soil-borne fungi from two forest nurseries (pine and ash) on the development of necrotic fungus Fusarium oxysporum Schl.). Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, 25: 197–205. (In Polish)
 
Mańka K., Mańka M. (1992): A new method for evaluating interaction between soil inhibiting fungi and plant pathogens. Bulletin OILB/SROP, XV: 73–75.
 
Nouri H., Talab Z.A., Tavassoli A. (2012): Effect of weed allelopathic of sorghum (Sorghum halepense) on germination and seedling growth of wheat, Alvand cultivar. Annals of Biological Research, 3: 1283–1293.
 
Patkowska E., Błażewicz-Woźniak M. (2014): The microorganisms communities in the soil under the cultivation of carrot (Daucus carota L.). Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus, 13: 103–115.
 
Patkowska E., Błażewicz-Woźniak M., Konopiński M. (2016): Antagonistic activity of selected fungi occurring in the soil after root chicory cultivation. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61, 55-59  https://doi.org/10.17221/920/2014-PSE
 
Patkowska E., Błażewicz-Woźniak M., Konopiński M., Wach D. (2016): The effect of cover crops on the fungal and bacterial communities in the soil under carrot cultivation. Plant, Soil and Environment, 62, 237-242  https://doi.org/10.17221/117/2016-PSE
 
Patkowska E., Konopiński M. (2013a): Harmfulness of soil-borne fungi towards root chicory (Cichorium intybus L. var. sativum Bisch.) cultivated with the use of cover crops. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus, 12: 3–18.
 
Patkowska E., Konopiński M. (2013b): The role of oats, common vetch and tansy phacelia as cover plants in the formation of microorganisms communities in the soil under the cultivation of root chicory (Cichorium intybus var. sativum Bisch.) and salsify (Tragopogon porrifolius var. sativus (Gaterau) Br.). Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus, 12: 179–191.
 
Patkowska E., Konopiński M. (2014a): Antagonistic bacteria in the soil after cover crops cultivation. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 69–73.
 
Patkowska E., Konopiński M. (2014b): Occurrence of antagonistic fungi in the soil after cover crops cultivation. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 204–209.
 
Patkowska E., Konopiński M. (2014c): Antagonistic activity of selected bacteria and fungi inhabiting the soil environment of salsify (Tragopogon porrifolius var. sativus (Gaterau) Br.) cultivated after cover crops. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus, 13: 33–48.
 
Teshome Ermias, Fininsa Chemeda, Sahile Samuel (2013): In vitro Antagonistic Potential of Fungal Isolates Against Botrytis fabae Sard. Asian Journal of Plant Pathology, 7, 42-53  https://doi.org/10.3923/ajppaj.2013.42.53
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences