Effect of drip irrigation and mulching on yield, water-use efficiency and economics of tomato

https://doi.org/10.17221/804/2014-PSECitation:Biswas S.K., Akanda A.R., Rahman M.S., Hossain M.A. (2015): Effect of drip irrigation and mulching on yield, water-use efficiency and economics of tomato. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 97-102.
download PDF

This study investigated the combined effects of drip irrigation and mulches on yield, water-use efficiency and economic return of tomato. The treatments of the study comprised different combinations of three drip irrigation levels (100, 75 and 50% of crop water requirement, ETc) and two mulches (black polyethylene sheet and paddy straw). The yield and yield-contributing characters in the mulched treatments for all levels of irrigation were significantly higher compared to those in the unmulched treatments. The yield of tomato increased with the increasing amount of irrigation water in unmulched treatment. The trend was reversed when drip irrigation was coupled with mulches. The highest yield for each mulch (81.12 t/ha for polyethylene and 79.49 t/ha for straw) was obtained when 50% of water requirement was applied. With 100% water application, polyethylene-mulched treatment produced lower yield than the straw-mulched treatment. The highest water use efficiency of 592 kg/ha/mm was obtained with 50% water application under polyethylene mulch. The highest net return (US$ 7098/ha), incremental net return (US$ 1556/ha), and incremental benefit-cost ratio (7.03) were found for 50% water application with straw mulch. The study thus reveals that drip irrigation with mulch has an explicit role in increasing the land and water productivity of tomato.

Allen R.G., Pereira L.S., Raes D., Smith M. (1998): Crop Evapotranspiration – Guidelines for Computing Crop Water Requirements – FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper 56. Rome, FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1–13.
Anonymous (2004): Annual Report, Irrigation and Water Management Division. Gazipur, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute.
Ashworth S., Hurrison H. (1983): Evolution of mulches for use in the home garden. Horticultural Science, 18: 180−182.
Asiegbu J.E. (1991): Response of tomato and eggplant to mulching and nitrogen fertilization under tropical conditions. Scientia Horticulturae, 46: 33−41.
Ayars J.E., Phene C.J., Hutmacher R.B., Davis K.R., Schoneman R.A., Vail S.S., Mead R.M. (1999): Subsurface drip irrigation of row crops: A review of 15 years of research at the Water Management Research Laboratory. Agricultural Water Management, 42: 1−27.
Bhella H.S. (1988): Tomato response of trickle irrigation and black polythene mulch. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 113: 543−546.
Bresler E. (1977): Trickle-drip irrigation: Principles and applications to soil-water management. Advances in Agronomy, 29: 343−393.
Grimes D.W., Schweers V.H., Wiley P.L. (1976): Drip and furrow irrigation of fresh market tomatoes on a slowly permeable soil. California Agriculture, 30: 8–13.
Jain N., Chauhan H.S., Singh P.K., Shukla K.N. (2000): Response of tomato under drip irrigation and plastic mulching. In: Proceeding of the 6th International Micro-irrigation Congress, Micro-irrigation Technology for Developing Agriculture, 22–27 October 2000, South Africa.
Malik R.S., Kumar K., Bhandari A.R. (1994): Effect of urea application through drip irrigation system on nitrate distribution in loamy sand soils and pea yield. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 42: 6−10.
Pruitt W.O., Fereres E., Martin P.E., Singh H., Henderson D.W., Hagan R.M., Tarantino E., Chandio B. (1984): Microclimate, Evapotranspiration, and Water-use Efficiency for Drip and Furrow-Irrigated Tomatoes. International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID), 12th Congress, Fort Collins, 367–393.
Sammis Theodore W. (1980): Comparison of Sprinkler, Trickle, Subsurface, and Furrow Irrigation Methods for Row Crops1. Agronomy Journal, 72, 701-  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1980.00021962007200050002x
Shrivastava P.K., Parikh M.M., Sawani N.G., Raman S. (1994): Effect of drip irrigation and mulching on tomato yield. Agricultural Water Management, 25, 179-184  https://doi.org/10.1016/0378-3774(94)90044-2
Sweeny D.M., Graetz D.A., Locascio S.J., Campbell K.L. (1987): Tomato yield and nitrogen recovery as influenced by irrigation method, nitrogen source and mulch. HortScience, 22: 27–29.
Tiwari K.N, Mal P.K, Singh R.M, Chattopadhyay A (1998): Response of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.) to drip irrigation under mulch and non-mulch conditions. Agricultural Water Management, 38, 91-102  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(98)00063-8
Yohannes Fekadu, Tadesse Teshome (1998): Effect of drip and furrow irrigation and plant spacing on yield of tomato at Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. Agricultural Water Management, 35, 201-207  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-3774(97)00039-5
download PDF

© 2022 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti