Nitrogen leaching and residual effect of barley/field bean intercropping

https://doi.org/10.17221/832/2014-PSECitation:Mariotti M., Masoni A., Ercoli L., Arduini I. (2015): Nitrogen leaching and residual effect of barley/field bean intercropping. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 60-65.
download PDF
Cereal/legume intercropping may improve resource use efficiency in agroecosystems and increase yield per unit surface area and yield stability. Two field bean (Vicia faba L.) and four barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars were mono- and intercropped (additive design) in a 2-year lysimeter experiment on a sandy loam soil. The aim was to test the effect of the cropping system on dry matter and N yield of forage, the residual effect on the subsequent ryegrass crop (Lolium multiflorum Lam. westerwoldicum), and NO3-N leaching in the rotation. Land equivalent ratios were 1.65 for dry matter and 1.67 for N yield, indicating a clear advantage of the intercrop over sole crops. Both species suffered from competition, especially in terms of N resources, but barley was less affected. Nitrate leaching was the lowest from intercrop. Preceding crop significantly affected dry matter, N content and NO3-N leaching of ryegrass. Field bean sole crop gave the highest benefits to ryegrass in terms of forage dry matter and N content, but also the highest NO3-N leaching, followed by the intercrop and the barley sole crop. Barley/field bean intercropping may be an effective strategy to reduce land requirements, N leaching losses and fertilizer inputs, thereby increasing the sustainability of farming systems.
References:
Anil , Park , Phipps , Miller (1998): Temperate intercropping of cereals for forage: a review of the potential for growth and utilization with particular reference to the UK. Grass and Forage Science, 53, 301-317  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2494.1998.00144.x
 
Carr Patrick M., Horsley Richard D., Poland Woodrow W. (2004): Barley, Oat, and Cereal–Pea Mixtures as Dryland Forages in the Northern Great Plains. Agronomy Journal, 96, 677-  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2004.0677
 
Dhima K.V., Lithourgidis A.S., Vasilakoglou I.B., Dordas C.A. (2007): Competition indices of common vetch and cereal intercrops in two seeding ratio. Field Crops Research, 100, 249-256  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2006.07.008
 
Dordas C. A., Lithourgidis A. S. (2011): Growth, yield and nitrogen performance of faba bean intercrops with oat and triticale at varying seeding ratios. Grass and Forage Science, 66, 569-577  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.2011.00814.x
 
Ghanbari-Bonjar A., Lee H. C. (2003): Intercropped wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and bean (Vicia faba L.) as a whole-crop forage: effect of harvest time on forage yield and quality. Grass and Forage Science, 58, 28-36  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2494.2003.00348.x
 
Hauggaard-Nielsen H., Ambus P., Jensen E.S. (2001): Temporal and spatial distribution of roots and competition for nitrogen in pea-barley intercrops – A field study employing 32P technique. Plant and Soil, 236: 63–74. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011909414400
 
Hauggaard-Nielsen H., Ambus P., Jensen E.S. (2003): The comparison of nitrogen use and leaching in sole cropped versus intercropped pea and barley. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 65: 289–300. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022612528161
 
Hauggaard-Nielsen Henrik, Mundus Simon, Jensen Erik Steen (2009): Nitrogen dynamics following grain legumes and subsequent catch crops and the effects on succeeding cereal crops. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 84, 281-291  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-008-9242-7
 
Karpenstein-Machan M., Stuelpnagel R. (2000): Biomass yield and nitrogen fixation of legumes monocropped and intercropped with rye and rotation effects on a subsequent maize crop. Plant and Soil, 218: 215–232. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1014932004926
 
Köpke Ulrich, Nemecek Thomas (2010): Ecological services of faba bean. Field Crops Research, 115, 217-233  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2009.10.012
 
Lithourgidis A. S., Dordas C. A. (2010): Forage Yield, Growth Rate, and Nitrogen Uptake of Faba Bean Intercrops with Wheat, Barley, and Rye in Three Seeding Ratios. Crop Science, 50, 2148-  https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2009.12.0735
 
Mariotti M., Masoni A., Ercoli L., Arduini I. (2012): Optimizing forage yield of durum wheat/field bean intercropping through N fertilization and row ratio. Grass and Forage Science, 67, 243-254  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.2011.00839.x
 
Martin M. P. L. D., Snaydon R. W. (1982): Root and Shoot Interactions Between Barley and Field Beans When Intercropped. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 19, 263-  https://doi.org/10.2307/2403009
 
Opitz von Boberfeld W., Beckmann E., Laser H. (2005): Nitrogen transfers from Vicia sativa L. and Trifolium resupinatum L. to the companion grass and the following crop. Plant, Soil and Environment, 51: 267–275.
 
PAPPA V. A., REES R. M., WALKER R. L., BADDELEY J. A., WATSON C. A. (2012): Legumes intercropped with spring barley contribute to increased biomass production and carry-over effects. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 150, 584-594  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859611000918
 
Pursiainen P., Tuori M. (2008): Effect of ensiling field bean, field pea and common vetch in different proportions with whole-crop wheat using formic acid or an inoculant on fermentation characteristics. Grass and Forage Science, 63, 60-78  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.2007.00614.x
 
Ross Shirley M., King Jane R., O'Donovan John T., Spaner Dean (2004): Intercropping Berseem Clover with Barley and Oat Cultivars for Forage. Agronomy Journal, 96, 1719-  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2004.1719
 
Steel R.G.D., Torrie J.H., Dickey D.A. (1997): Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. New York, McGraw Hill.
 
Strydhorst Sheri M., King Jane R., Lopetinsky Ken J., Harker K. Neil (2008): Forage Potential of Intercropping Barley with Faba Bean, Lupin, or Field Pea. Agronomy Journal, 100, 182-  https://doi.org/10.2134/agrojnl2007.0197
 
Szumigalski Anthony R., Van Acker Rene C. (2006): Nitrogen Yield and Land Use Efficiency in Annual Sole Crops and Intercrops. Agronomy Journal, 98, 1030-  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2005.0277
 
TRYDEMAN KNUDSEN M., HAUGGAARD-NIELSEN H., JØRNSGÅRD B., STEEN JENSEN E. (1999): Comparison of interspecific competition and N use in pea–barley, faba bean–barley and lupin–barley intercrops grown at two temperate locations. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 142, 617-627  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859604004745
 
Wilson J. Bastow (1988): Shoot Competition and Root Competition. The Journal of Applied Ecology, 25, 279-  https://doi.org/10.2307/2403626
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti