Soil condition threats in two seasons of extreme weather conditions

https://doi.org/10.17221/855/2014-PSECitation:Gyuricza C., Smutný V., Percze A., Pósa B., Birkás M. (2015): Soil condition threats in two seasons of extreme weather conditions. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 151-157.
download PDF
This research started from the observation that soil state defects that occur in a season may result in even more serious after-effects in the following year. The objective of this study was to investigate the striking forms of deterioration in a Chernozem soil that occurred both in the surface and in the deeper layer. In one respect, dust formation, crumb reduction, surface silting, and surface crusting were studied, and an attempt to investigate additional consequences of the dust sedimentation to the nearest compacted layer was made. The degree of the soil deterioration was compared under treatments of bare and covered surfaces and in degraded and preserved soil conditions setting in the selected parts of a long-term trial. Surface cover significantly influenced soil vulnerability resulting in different responses of soil attributes. The surface crust reducing effects of a higher (≥ 55%) surface cover ratio and a lower proportion of dust could statistically be proven (P < 0.001). A favourable rate of surface cover reliably reduced the ratio of clods produced by primary tillage in dry (0.138–0.158 g/g) soil. The results indicate that it is possible to complete methods adaptable to the climate threats mitigation.
References:
Badorreck Annika, Gerke Horst H., Hüttl Reinhard F. (2013): Morphology of physical soil crusts and infiltration patterns in an artificial catchment. Soil and Tillage Research, 129, 1-8  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2013.01.001
 
Baumhardt R.L., Unger P.W., Dao T.H. (2004): Seedbed Surface Geometry Effects on Soil Crusting and Seedling Emergence. Agronomy Journal, 96, 1112-  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2004.1112
 
Basic F, Kisic I, Mesic M, Nestroy O, Butorac A (2004): Tillage and crop management effects on soil erosion in central Croatia. Soil and Tillage Research, 78, 197-206  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2004.02.007
 
Birkás M., Kalmár T., Kisic I., Jug D., Smutný V., Szemők A. (2012): The effect of rainfall events in 2010 on the physical soil conditions. Növénytermelés, 61: 7–36. (In Hungarian)
 
Bottlik L (2014): CLIMATE CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS IN SOIL TILLAGE. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 12, 13-23  https://doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1201_013023
 
Cook Hadrian F., Valdes Gerardo S.B., Lee Howard C. (2006): Mulch effects on rainfall interception, soil physical characteristics and temperature under Zea mays L.. Soil and Tillage Research, 91, 227-235  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2005.12.007
 
Csajbók J., Kutasy E., Pepó P. (2014): The water use efficiency of maize depending on abiotic stress factors in field experiments. Columella – Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, 1: 23–28.
 
Csorba S., Farkas C., Birkás M. (2011): Dual porosity water retention curves for characterizing the effect of tillage. Agrokémia és Talajtan, 60: 335–342. (In Hungarian)
 
Dexter A.R. (1988): Advances in characterization of soil structure. Soil and Tillage Research, 11, 199-238  https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-1987(88)90002-5
 
Dvoracsek M. (1957): Deteriorating effect of the water. In: Di Gléria J., Klimes-Szmik A., Dvoracsek M. (eds): Soil Physics and Colloidics. Budapest, Akadémiai Kiadó, 418–426. (In Hungarian)
 
Filep Gy. (1999): Physical characters of soil. In: Stefanovits P., Filep Gy., Füleky Gy. (eds.): Soil Science. Budapest, Mezőgazda Kiadó, 131–190. (In Hungarian)
 
Gallardo-Carrera Aude, Léonard Joël, Duval Yves, Dürr Carolyne (2007): Effects of seedbed structure and water content at sowing on the development of soil surface crusting under rainfall. Soil and Tillage Research, 95, 207-217  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2007.01.001
 
Guo Z., Wang D.Z. (2013): Long-term effects of returning wheat straw to croplands on soil compaction and nutrient availability under conventional tillage. Plant, Soil and Environment, 59: 280–286.
 
Hartwig R.O., Laflen J.M. (1978): A meterstick method for measuring crop residue cover. Journal of Soil Water Conservation, 33: 90–91.
 
Kalmár T., Bottlik L., Kisić I., Gyuricza C., Birkás M. (2013a): Soil protecting effect of the surface cover in extreme summer periods. Plant, Soil and Environment, 59: 404–409.
 
Kalmár T., Pósa B., Sallai A., Csorba S., Birkás M. (2013b): Soil quality problems induced by extreme climate conditions. Növénytermelés, 62: 209–212.
 
Munkholm Lars J., Heck Richard J., Deen Bill (2013): Long-term rotation and tillage effects on soil structure and crop yield. Soil and Tillage Research, 127, 85-91  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2012.02.007
 
Shen J.Y., Zhao D.D., Han H.F., Zhou X.B., Li Q.Q. (2012): Effects of straw mulching on water consumption characteristics and yield of different types of summer maize plants. Plant, Soil and Environment, 58: 161–166.
 
Sváb J. (1981): Biometrical Methods in Research Work. 3rd Ed. Budapest, Mezőgazdasági Kiadó. (In Hungarian)
 
Szalai S., Lakatos M. (2013): Precipitation climatology of the carpathian region and its effects on the agriculture. Növénytermelés, 62: 315–318.
 
Ugalde David, Brungs Angela, Kaebernick Melanie, McGregor Anthony, Slattery Bill (2007): Implications of climate change for tillage practice in Australia. Soil and Tillage Research, 97, 318-330  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2007.09.018
 
Übelhör A., Gruber S., Schlayer M., Claupein W. (2014): Influence of row covers on soil loss and plant growth in white cabbage cultivation. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 407–412.
 
Várallyay G. (2014): Moisture regime and biogeochemical cycles of element in soil. Növénytermelés, 63: 217–220.
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti