Environmental impact of the Al smelter on physiology and macronutrient contents in plants and Cambisols

https://doi.org/10.17221/881/2014-PSECitation:Kuklová M., Hniličková H., Kukla J., Hnilička F. (2015): Environmental impact of the Al smelter on physiology and macronutrient contents in plants and Cambisols. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 72-78.
download PDF
At present, a serious problem is the loss of soil nutrients in forest ecosystems with acidic atmospheric deposition and heavy metal contamination, which can have negative impact on plant growth. The objective of the research was to verify, whether different distance (1.5 and 18 km) from Al smelter Žiar nad Hronom (Slovak Republic) affects physiology and macronutrient contents (Ca, Mg, K, Na) in plant leaves and Cambisols of the nudal beech forests in Slovenské stredohorie Mts. In the surface of humus horizons significantly lower the amount of Catot was found close to the smelter (stress stand); in Aoq soil horizons up to 60–76% less Natot, Mgtot and Catot was accumulated compared to control stand. Available forms of soil macronutrients were higher in the control stand and compared with stress stand, differences were significant for Ca and Mg. In plant leaves somewhat higher macronutrient contents were found in stress stand, with the exception of Ca. In relation to the physiological characteristics environmental impact of Al smelter significantly influenced photosynthesis of beech, chlorophyll fluorescence parameter of both indicator species and calorific values of sedges in the vicinity of 1.5 km from the emission source.
References:
Arena Carmen, De Maio Anna, De Nicola Flavia, Santorufo Lucia, Vitale Luca, Maisto Giulia (2014): Assessment of Eco-Physiological Performance of Quercus ilex L. Leaves in Urban Area by an Integrated Approach. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 225, -  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-013-1824-6
 
Berg Björn (2000): Litter decomposition and organic matter turnover in northern forest soils. Forest Ecology and Management, 133, 13-22  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(99)00294-7
 
De la Mata L., De la Haba P., Alamillo J.M., Pineda M., Agüera E. (2013): Elevated CO2 concentrations alter nitrogen metabolism and accelerate senescence in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) plants. Plant, Soil and Environment, 59: 303–308.
 
Fritze H., Niini S., Mikkola K., M�kinen A. (1989): Soil microbial effects of a Cu-Ni smelter in southwestern Finland. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 8, -  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00260522
 
Genty Bernard, Briantais Jean-Marie, Baker Neil R. (1989): The relationship between the quantum yield of photosynthetic electron transport and quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects, 990, 87-92  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4165(89)80016-9
 
Hüttl R.F., Schaaf W. (1995): Nutrient supply of forest soils in relation to management and site history. Plant and Soil, 168–169: 31–41.
 
Ibaraki Y., Murakami J. (2007): Distribution of chlorophyll fluorescence parameter Fv/Fm within individual plants under various stress conditions. ISHS Acta Horticulturae, 761: 255–260.
 
Kapusta Paweł, Szarek-Łukaszewska Grażyna, Godzik Barbara (2006): Spatio-temporal variation of element accumulation by Moehringia trinervia in a polluted forest ecosystem (South Poland). Environmental Pollution, 143, 285-293  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2005.11.026
 
Kobza J., Gašová K. (2014): Soil monitoring system as a basic tool for protection of soils and sustainable land use in Slovakia. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology A, 4: 504–513.
 
L�bersli ElseMarie, Steinnes Eiliv (1988): Metal uptake in plants from a birch forest area near a copper smelter in Norway. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 37, -  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00226477
 
Maathuis Frans JM (2009): Physiological functions of mineral macronutrients. Current Opinion in Plant Biology, 12, 250-258  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbi.2009.04.003
 
Majkowska-Gadomska J., Wierzbicka B., Dziedzic A. (2014): The effect of seedling planting time on macroelement and microelement concentrations in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 23: 125–129.
 
Maxwell K. (): Chlorophyll fluorescence--a practical guide. Journal of Experimental Botany, 51, 659-668  https://doi.org/10.1093/jexbot/51.345.659
 
Miklós L. (2002): Landscape Atlas of the Slovak Republic. 1st Ed. Banská Bystrica, Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic, Slovak Environmental Agency Banská Bystrica. (In Slovak)
 
Report on air quality and shares of individual sources pollution in the Slovak Republic (2010): Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic. Bratislava, SHMU. (In Slovak)
 
Saison Carine, Schwartz Christophe, Morel Jean-Louis (2004): Hyperaccumulation of Metals by Thlaspi caerulescens as Affected by Root Development and Cd–Zn/Ca–Mg Interactions. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 6, 49-61  https://doi.org/10.1080/16226510490439981
 
Tucci M. L. S., Erismann N. M., Machado E. C., Ribeiro R. V. (2010): Diurnal and seasonal variation in photosynthesis of peach palms grown under subtropical conditions. Photosynthetica, 48, 421-429  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11099-010-0055-y
 
von Uexküll H R, Mutert E. (1995): Global extent, development and economic impact of acid soils. Plant and Soil, 171, 1-15  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00009558
 
Vike Eva (2005): Uptake, Deposition and Wash Off of Fluoride and Aluminium in Plant Foliage in the Vicinity of an Aluminium Smelter in Norway. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 160, 145-159  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-005-3862-1
 
Wang Hua, Ouyang Zhiyun, Chen Weiping, Wang Xiaoke, Zheng Hua, Ren Yufen (2011): Water, heat, and airborne pollutants effects on transpiration of urban trees. Environmental Pollution, 159, 2127-2137  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.02.031
 
Wannaz E. D., Rodriguez J. H., Wolfsberger T., Carreras H. A., Pignata M. L., Fangmeier A., Franzaring J. (2012): Accumulation of Aluminium and Physiological Status of Tree Foliage in the Vicinity of a Large Aluminium Smelter. The Scientific World Journal, 2012, 1-7  https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/865927
 
Woo S.Y. (2009): Forest decline of the world: A linkage with air pollution and global warming. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8: 7409–7414.
 
Zlatník A. (1976): The survey of groups of types of geobiocoens primarilly forest and shrubby in the C.S.S.R.. News of Geographic Institute Brno, 13: 55–64. (In Czech)
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti