Colored polyethylene film mulches on weed control, soil conditions and peanut yield

https://doi.org/10.17221/882/2014-PSECitation:Sun T., Zhang Z., Ning T., Mi Q., Zhang X., Zhang S., Liu Z. (2015): Colored polyethylene film mulches on weed control, soil conditions and peanut yield. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 79-85.
download PDF
A two-year field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of colored polyethylene (PE) films on weed control, soil temperature and moisture, and pod yield of peanut. By setting a clear PE film (CF) as control, three colored PE films were studied: black-clear-black color-matching film (BCF), silver grey film (SF) and black film (BF). The colored PE films were effective in controlling weeds compared with CF, while BF had the optimal weed control effect. Compared with CF, the colored PE films were not sensitive to air temperature, and had smaller daily temperature variations. Soil moisture at 0–40 cm depth was higher mulched with the colored PE films than those with CF, and the highest moisture occurred in BF. Peanut covered colored PE films remained higher chlorophyll content and net photosynthetic rate in the late growth stage. Compared with CF, the pod yields with BCF, SF and BF were significantly increased by 12, 7, and 5% in 2012, and 14, 10, and 5% in 2013, respectively. The treatments of SF and BCF get higher yields in 2012 and in 2013. Accordingly, SF and BCF may be better field-management options for weed control and high yield in peanut field.
References:
Andino J.R., Motsenbocker C.E. (2004): Colored plastic mulches influence cucumber beetle populations, vine growth, and yield of watermelon. HortScience, 39: 1246–1249.
 
Anikwe M.A.N., Mbah C.N., Ezeaku P.I., Onyia V.N. (2007): Tillage and plastic mulch effects on soil properties and growth and yield of cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta) on an ultisol in southeastern Nigeria. Soil and Tillage Research, 93, 264-272  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2006.04.007
 
Black C.A. (1965): Methods of Soil Analysis: Part I Physical and Mineralogical Properties. Madison, American Society of Agronomy.
 
Bond W, Grundy A C (2001): Non-chemical weed management in organic farming systems. Weed Research, 41, 383-405  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3180.2001.00246.x
 
Brandenberger L., Wiedenfeld B. (1997): Physical characteristics of mulches and their impact on crop response and profitability in muskmelon production. Hort Technology, 7: 165–169.
 
Díaz-Pérez J.C., Batal K.D. (2002): Colored plastic film mulches affect tomato growth and yield via changes in root-zone temperature. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 127: 127–136.
 
Dong Hezhong, Li Weijiang, Tang Wei, Zhang Dongmei (2008): Furrow Seeding with Plastic Mulching Increases Stand Establishment and Lint Yield of Cotton in a Saline Field. Agronomy Journal, 100, 1640-  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2008.0074
 
Dong Hezhong, Li Weijiang, Tang Wei, Zhang Dongmei (2009): Early plastic mulching increases stand establishment and lint yield of cotton in saline fields. Field Crops Research, 111, 269-275  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2009.01.001
 
Gao T., Zhao T.C., Ma R.B. (2007): Effect of different mulch materials in low temperature and semi arid region on the space-temporal distribution of ground temperature and moisture. Chinese Journal Soil Science, 38: 229–232. (In Chinese)
 
Kasperbauer M.J. (2000): Strawberry Yield over Red versus Black Plastic Mulch. Crop Science, 40, 171-  https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2000.401171x
 
Lalitha B.S., Nagaraj K.H., Anand T.N. (2001): Effect of soil solarization on weed dynamics and yield of groundnut-tomato sequence. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 35: 226–231.
 
Li Feng-Min, Wang Jun, Xu Jin-Zhang, Xu Hui-Lian (2004): Productivity and soil response to plastic film mulching durations for spring wheat on entisols in the semiarid Loess Plateau of China. Soil and Tillage Research, 78, 9-20  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2003.12.009
 
Li S.Z., Wang Y., Fan T.L., Wang L.M., Zhao G., Tang X.M., Dang Y., Wang G.L., Zhang J.J. (2010): Effects of different plastic PE film mulching modes on soil moisture, temperature and yield of dryland maize. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 43: 922–931. (In Chinese)
 
Mahajan G., Sharda R., Kumar A., Singh K.G. (2007): Effect of plastic mulch on economizing irrigation water and weed control in baby corn sown by different methods. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2: 19–26.
 
Ngouajio M., Ernest J. (2005): Changes in the physical, optical, and thermal properties of polyethylene mulches during double cropping. HortScience, 40: 94–97.
 
Pandey M.K., Upadhyaya H.D., Rathore A., Vadez V., Sheshshayee M.S., Sriswathi M., Govil M., Kumar A., Gowda M.V.C., Sharma S., Hamidou F., Kumar V.A., Khera P., Bhat R.S., Khan A.W., Singh S., Li H., Monyo E., Nadaf H.L., Mukri G., Jackson S.A., Guo B., Liang X., Varshney R.K. (2014): Genomewide association studies for 50 agronomic traits in peanut using the ‘reference set’ comprising 300 genotypes from 48 countries of the semi-arid tropics of the world. Plos One 9: e105228.
 
Park K.Y., Kim S.D., Lee S.H., Kim H.S., Hong E.H. (1996): Differences in dry matter accumulation and leaf area in summer soybeans as affected by polythene PE film mulching. RDA Journal of Agricultural Science, 38: 173–179.
 
Ramakrishna A., Ong C.K., Reddy S.L.N. (1991): Integrated weed management for rainfed groundnut. Journal of Plant Protection in Tropics, 8: 111–119.
 
Reddy P.S., Murthy T.G.K., Radhakrisan T. (1988): Groundnut. Publication and Information Division. New Delhi, ICAR.
 
Sayed O.H. (2003): Chlorophyll Fluorescence as a Tool in Cereal Crop Research. Photosynthetica, 41, 321-330  https://doi.org/10.1023/B:PHOT.0000015454.36367.e2
 
Soltani N., Anderson J.L., Hamson A.R. (1995): Growth analysis of watermelon plants grown with mulches and rowcovers. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 120: 1001–1009.
 
Subrahmaniyan K., Zhou Weijun (2008): Soil Temperature Associated with Degradable, Non-Degradable Plastic and Organic Mulches and Their Effect on Biomass Production, Enzyme Activities and Seed Yield of Winter Rapeseed ( Brassica napus L .). Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 32, 611-627  https://doi.org/10.1080/10440040802394927
 
Sudha T., Nanjappa H.V. (1999): Effect of soil solarization on weed control in tomato nursery. South Indian Horticulture, 47: 229–230.
 
Tang H.Y. (1989): Farmland Weed Color Atlas in China. Shanghai, Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers.
 
Wang Feng-Xin, Feng Shao-Yuan, Hou Xiao-Yan, Kang Shao-Zhong, Han Jiang-Jiang (2009): Potato growth with and without plastic mulch in two typical regions of Northern China. Field Crops Research, 110, 123-129  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2008.07.014
 
Waterer D.R. (2000): Effect of soil mulches and herbicides on production economics of warm season vegetable crops in a cool climate. HortTechnology, 10: 154–159.
 
Zhang Hanyu, Liu Qianjin, Yu Xingxiu, Lü Guoan, Wu Yuanzhi (2012): Effects of plastic mulch duration on nitrogen mineralization and leaching in peanut (Arachis hypogaea) cultivated land in the Yimeng Mountainous Area, China. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 158, 164-171  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2012.06.009
 
Zhang Shulan, Li Pingru, Yang Xueyun, Wang Zhaohui, Chen Xinping (2011): Effects of tillage and plastic mulch on soil water, growth and yield of spring-sown maize. Soil and Tillage Research, 112, 92-97  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2010.11.006
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti