Antagonistic activity of selected fungi occurring in the soil after root chicory cultivation
E. Patkowska, M. Błażewicz-Woźniak, M. Konopińskihttps://doi.org/10.17221/920/2014-PSECitation:Patkowska E., Błażewicz-Woźniak M., Konopiński M. (2015): Antagonistic activity of selected fungi occurring in the soil after root chicory cultivation. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 55-59.
The present studies determined the antagonistic activity of selected fungi of the soil environment of root chicory –a high-inulin plant, with considerable pro-health values – towards such fungi pathogenic towards this plant as: Altenaria alternata, Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium culmorum, F. oxysporum, Thanatephorus cucumeris and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. The cultivation of root chicory took into consideration soil mulching with cover crops (oats, tansy phacelia and common vetch) as well as the conventional cultivation, i.e. without any cover crops. The total population of fungi after soil mulching with common vetch was almost twice as small as in the control and smaller than with phacelia as a cover plant. Antagonistic Clonostachys spp., Myrothecium spp., Penicillium spp. and Trichoderma spp. displayed differentiated activity towards the studied fungi. The greatest antagonistic effect was observed after the mulch of oats. Besides, oats and common vetch the most positive effect on the antagonistic activity was that of Clonostachys spp., Myrothecium spp., Penicillium spp. and Trichoderma spp. Those fungi were most effective in inhibiting the growth and development of F. oxysporum, T. cucumeris and S. sclerotiorum.Keywords:
Cichorium intybus; plant pathogens; soil-borne fungi; antagonistic fungiReferences:
AyObi N., Zafari D., Mirabolfathi M. (2010): Effect of Trichoderma species on zoospore production of Phytophthora sojae, disease severity, and glucanase enzymes activity assay. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 46: 203–215.Borowy A. (2013): Growth and yield of ‘Hamburg’ parsley under no-tillage cultivation using white mustard as a cover crop. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus, 12: 13–32.Czaban J., Gajda A., Wróblewska B. (2007): The mobility of bacteria from rhizosphere and different zones of winter wheat roots. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 16: 301–308.Dipali W., Ingle R.W., Deshmukh R.W. (2007): Screening of vegetable market wastes fungi for their cellulolytic activities in vitro. Journal of Plant Disease Sciences, 2: 91–93.Kołota E., Adamczewska-Sowińska K. (2013): Living mulches in vegetable crops production: Perspectives and limitations (a review). Acta Scientiarum Polonorum, Hortorum Cultus, 12: 127–142.Mańka K., Mańka M. (1992): A new method for evaluating interaction between soil inhibiting fungi and plant pathogen. Bulletin OILB/SROP, XV: 73–77.Mukherjee M., Mukherjee P. K., Kale S. P. (2007): cAMP signalling is involved in growth, germination, mycoparasitism and secondary metabolism in Trichoderma virens. Microbiology, 153, 1734-1742 https://doi.org/10.1099/mic.0.2007/005702-0Patkowska E. (2009a): Effect of chitosan and Zaprawa Oxafun T on the healthiness and communities of rhizosphere microorganisms of runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus L.). Ecological Chemistry and Engineering S, 16: 163–174.Patkowska E. (2009b): Effect of bio-products on bean yield and bacterial and fungal communities in the rhizosphere and nonrhizosphere. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 18: 255–263.Patkowska Elżbieta, Konopiński Mirosław (2008): Pathogenicity of Selected Soil-Borne Fungi for Seedlings of Root Chicory (Cichorium intybus L. var. sativum Bisch.). Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin, 69, - https://doi.org/10.2478/v10032-008-0023-2Patkowska E., Konopiński M. (2013): Effect of cover crops on the microorganisms communities in the soil under scorzonera cultivation. Plant, Soil and Environment, 59: 460–464.Patkowska E., Konopiński M. (2014): Occurrence of antagonistic fungi in the soil after cover crops cultivation. Plant, Soil and Environment, 60: 204–209.Pięta D., Kęsik T. (2007): The effect of conservation tillage on microorganism communities in the soil under onion cultivation. Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities, Horticulture, 10. Available at http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume10/issue1/art.-21.html