Variation in HMW glutenin subunits of different species of wheat

https://doi.org/10.17221/4199-PSECitation:Gálová Z., Michalík I., Knoblochová H., Gregová E. (2002): Variation in HMW glutenin subunits of different species of wheat. Plant Soil Environ., 48: 15-19.
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Method ISTA SDS-PAGE was used for separation, detection and evaluation of high molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW) in the different wheat species. The relation has been studied between the HMW glutenin subunit alleles and the bread-making quality of 25 world wheat cultivars and 21 regional varieties common wheat varieties (Triticum aestivum L.), 17 winter spelt wheat (Triticum spelta L.), 3 durum wheat cultivars (Triticum durum DESF.), 9 cultivars of Triticum turgidum L. and 5 cultivars of Triticum polonicum L. The highest frequency of occurrence of HMW glutenin subunits 2*, 13 + 16 and 5 + 10 were found in world wheat cultivars. In Slovak wheat varieties were analysed subunits 0, 7 + 9 and 5 + 10, 2 + 12. The HMW subunits 0, 7 + 8 with Glu-score 4 were determined in Triticum durum DESF. Three electrophoretical profile groups of different HMW glutenin subunits were found in Triticum turgidum L. and Triticum polonicum L. and six electrophoretical profile groups were determined in Triticum spelta L. The verified correlations between bread-making quality and specific HMW subunits of glutenin can be utilised by wheat breeders using SDS-PAGE of proteins as a screening test for the prediction of bread-making quality of wheat.

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