Critical values of trace elements in soils from the viewpoint of the transfer pathway soil – plant

https://doi.org/10.17221/4224-PSECitation:Podlešáková E., Němeček J., Vácha R. (2002): Critical values of trace elements in soils from the viewpoint of the transfer pathway soil – plant. Plant Soil Environ., 48: 193-202.
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The development of soil limiting values of the protection of the quantity and mainly quality of the crop production tends from empiric values towards critical values, based on ecotoxicity. We present an attempt to derive transfer functions by the means of multiple regression analysis. The substitution of trace elements contents in crops in the prediction equations for fodder or food standards or phytotoxicity limits satisfies the present ecotoxicological demands. We preferred polyfactor relations to simple ones. The exceeding of reference values must be verified by the determination of the hazardous transfer in the field. Therefore the reference values are called testing values. They were derived especially for Cd, Pb, As, Cu, Zn, Ni and Mn. For some trace elements, only protective values can be set up (especially for Cr, Hg, but also for Tl, Be, V). They reflect minimum values that guarantee growing crops without any risks. Experimental data (pot trials) were compared with results obtained in field investigations. The resulting critical values were also compared with the values proposed in Germany.
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