The effect of fluridone and flurochloridone on the incidence of albinism in pea (Pisum sativum) and on the abscission of leaves of privet (Ligustrum vulgare)
Š. Klíčová, J. Šebánek, M. Hudeová, H. Vítková, H. Vlašínováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/4237-PSECitation:Klíčová Š., Šebánek J., Hudeová M., Vítková H., Vlašínová H. (2002): The effect of fluridone and flurochloridone on the incidence of albinism in pea (Pisum sativum) and on the abscission of leaves of privet (Ligustrum vulgare). Plant Soil Environ., 48: 255-260.
The effect of fluridone (or flurochloridone), the inhibitor of carotenoid, chlorophyll and abscisic acid synthesis, on the abscission of Ligustrum vulgare leaves was investigated. Both forms of fluridone inhibited the abscission of petioles when they were applied as a 1.0% concentration in lanolin to the leaf blade. Fluridone was capable of inhibiting abscission even when it was applied to the petiole as late as 7 hours after the blade was cut off. Fluridone applied in lanolin to the apical part of intact pea seedlings or on the cut surface after decapitation of the epicotyl caused albinism of the stipules. The degree of albinism decreased according to the concentration of applied flurodine (from the highest – 0.5% to the lowest – 0.03%) and was higher in intact than in decapitated plants. Albinism also appeared in pea seedlings grown from seeds swollen in differently concentrated solutions of flurochloridone, particularly in the basal part of the shoots. Complete albinism occurred only in plants cultivated from seeds swollen in high concentrations (0.06–0.12%). The lowest concentration (0.007%) stimulated root growth of the pea seedlings, but inhibited epicotyl growth.Keywords:
fluridone; flurochloridone; abscission; albinism; pea Pisum sativum; Ligustrum vulgare