As, Cd, Pb and Zn uptake by Salix spp. clones grown in soils enriched by high loads of these elements
M. Vysloužilová, P. Tlustoš, J. Száková, D. Pavlíkováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/4112-PSECitation:Vysloužilová M., Tlustoš P., Száková J., Pavlíková D. (2003): As, Cd, Pb and Zn uptake by Salix spp. clones grown in soils enriched by high loads of these elements. Plant Soil Environ., 49: 191-196.
As, Cd, Pb and Zn accumulation in the aboveground biomass of seven clones of Salix spp. and changes in element uptake by plants after element addition to soil were studied in a pot experiment. Unpolluted Chernozem (Suchdol) as a control and soils with addition of As (100 mg/kg), Cd (40 mg/kg) and either Pb (2000 mg/kg) (Suchdol-Pb) or Zn (2000 mg/kg) (Suchdol-Zn) were used for the experiment. Significant differences were found in the accumulation of elements between willow clones and also between different element additions to the soil. Although As and Cd uptake slightly increased in Suchdol-Zn soil compared to Suchdol-Pb soil, the element removal from soil was significantly higher in Suchdol-Pb soil due to a significant reduction of aboveground biomass yield in Suchdol-Zn soil caused by Zn phytotoxicity. The yield reduction decreased the uptake of plant-available elements by biomass, thus higher plant-available portions of As and Cd were found in Suchdol-Zn soil. Element removal from soil was more dependent on element contents in willow tissues in Suchdol-Pb soil than in Suchdol-Zn soil, where willow plants exhibited physiological symptoms of phytotoxicity.Keywords:
soil; arsenic; cadmium; lead; zinc; Salix spp.; element removal; phytotoxicity