The effect of elevated cadmium content in soil on the uptake of nitrogen by plants
Z. Ciecko, S. Kalesa, M. Wyszkowski, E. Rolkahttps://doi.org/10.17221/4034-PSECitation:Ciecko Z., Kalesa S., Wyszkowski M., Rolka E. (2004): The effect of elevated cadmium content in soil on the uptake of nitrogen by plants. Plant Soil Environ., 50: 283-294.
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cadmium (10, 20, 30 and 40 mg Cd/kg of soil) contamination in soil with the application of different substances (compost, brown coal, lime and bentonite) on the intake of nitrogen by some plants. The correlations between the nitrogen content in the plants and the cadmium concentration in the soil, as well as the plant yield and the content of micro- and macroelements in the plants were determined. Plant species and cadmium dose determined the effects of soil contamination with cadmium on the content of nitrogen. Large doses of cadmium caused an increase in nitrogen content in the Avena sativa straw and roots and in the Zea mays roots. Soil contamination with cadmium resulted in a decrease of nitrogen content in the Avena sativa grain, in above-ground parts and roots of the Lupinus luteus, in the above-ground parts of the Zea mays and in the above-ground parts and roots of Phacelia tanacaetifolia. Among the experimental different substances, the application of bentonite had the strongest and a usually negative effect on the nitrogen content in plants. The greatest effect of bentonite was on Avena sativa grain, above-ground parts Zea mays and Lupinus luteus and Phacelia tanacaetifolia. The content of nitrogen in the plants was generally positively correlated with the content of the macroelements and some of the microelements, regardless of the substances added to the soil.Keywords:
cadmium soil contamination; compost; brown coal; lime; bentonite; plant yield; nitrogen content; macro- and microelement content