Aliphatic compounds, organic C and N and microbial biomass and its activity in long-term field experiment

https://doi.org/10.17221/3586-PSECitation:Šimon T. (2005): Aliphatic compounds, organic C and N and microbial biomass and its activity in long-term field experiment. Plant Soil Environ., 51: 276-282.
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The content of aliphatic compounds, hydrophobicity index, organic C and N content and the microbial biomass and respiration activity were analysed in soil samples originating from different plots of a long-term field experiment (variants: nil, NPK – mineral fertilization: 64.6–100 kg/ha/year, FYM – farmyard manure and FYM + NPK) from three blocks (III, IV and B) with different crop rotation. Samples were taken from 0–200 mm layer in 2002 and 2003 (spring and autumn). The plots without any fertilization had the significantly lowest aliphatic compound content compared to variants fertilized by FYM or FYM + NPK in all the evaluated blocks in both years. The variants fertilized only by mineral NPK without any organic fertilization had the slightly increased aliphatic compound content but they did not exceed significantly the control variants in most cases. The aliphatic compound contents correlated significantly with the organic C contents in 2002 and 2003, as well. The values of the hydrophobicity index showed a similar trend like the data mentioned above. Organic manure increased the soil organic nitrogen content, similarly to the carbon content. In variants fertilized by FYM and FYM + NPK the higher microbial biomass content was found comparing to unfertilized variants. Correlations between aliphatic compound content and biomass differed in spring (2002: r = 0.065, 2003: r = 0.068) and autumn (2002: r = 0.407, 2003: r = 0.529). Organically fertilized variants had increased basal respiration, in autumn 2002 the basal respiration was higher in variants fertilized by mineral NPK, too. The highest specific respiration was recorded in the unfertilised plot in block B (autumn 2002 and 2003), where low microbial biomass exhibited high activity. Increased specific respiration was found also in plots fertilized by FYM and FYM + NPK (block III and IV, autumn samplings). Positive significant correlations between microbial biomass content and basal respiration were found in 2002 (spring: r = 0.716) and 2003 (spring: r = 0.765, autumn: r = 0.671).
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