Fate of carbon and nitrogen from plant residue decomposition in a calcareous soil

https://doi.org/10.17221/3357-PSECitation:Nourbakhsh F. (2006): Fate of carbon and nitrogen from plant residue decomposition in a calcareous soil. Plant Soil Environ., 52: 137-140.
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Carbon and nitrogen transformations in soil are microbially mediated processes that are functionally related. The fate of C and N was monitored in a clay-textured soil (Typic Haplocambid) which was either unamended (control) or amended with various plant materials at the rate of 10 g residue C/kg soil. To evaluate C mineralization, soils were incubated for 46 days under aerobic conditions. Nitrogen mineralization/immobilization was evaluated at the end of eight-week incubation experiment. All CO2 evolution data conformed well to a first-order kinetic model, C= C0 (1 – e–Kt). The product of K and C0 (KC0) was significantly correlated with some chemical and biochemical properties of the plant residues, including N concentration (r = 0.83, P < 0.001), C:N (r = –0.64, P < 0.05) and lignin:N (r = –0.81, P < 0.001). Among the plant residue composition characteristics, N concentration (r = 0.96, P < 0.001), C:N (r = –0.69, P < 0.01) and lignin:N (r = –0.68, P < 0.01) were significantly correlated with the net rates of N mineralization/immobilization (Nm/i).
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