The effect of liming on cadmium, lead, and zinc uptake reduction by spring wheat grown in contaminated soil
P. Tlustoš, J. Száková, K. Kořínek, D. Pavlíková, A. Hanč, J. Balíkhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3341-PSECitation:Tlustoš P., Száková J., Kořínek K., Pavlíková D., Hanč A., Balík J. (2006): The effect of liming on cadmium, lead, and zinc uptake reduction by spring wheat grown in contaminated soil. Plant Soil Environ., 52: 16-24.
For characterization of the ability of crops to reflect changing soil properties after the addition of ameliorative materials into the soil both pot and rhizobox experiments were provided. In the pot experiment, the influence of the addition of lime and limestone into contaminated Cambisol containing 7.14 mg Cd/kg, 2174 mg Pb/kg, and 270 mg Zn/kg on element availability for spring wheat was tested. The ameliorative materials were added into the pots containing 5 kg of soil in amount of 3 g CaO, and 5.36 g CaCO3 per kg of the soil. Soil pH reached up to 7.3 in lime treatments compared to 5.7 in control soil. Mobile portion of soil elements (0.01 mol/l CaCl2 extractable) dropped by 80% for Zn, 50% for Cd, and 20% for Pb, respectively. In both straw and grains of wheat reduced content of elements was observed in limed pots compared to the control ones. For a detailed characterization of the influence of root exudates on the strength of developed complexes in comparison with the bulk soil, short-term rhizobox experiment was set up under identical soil and lime treatments. Generally, the results of rhizobox experiment confirmed the findings from the pot experiment discussed above. Content of elements in shoots and roots of wheat dropped mainly in the case of Cd and Pb. Soil mobile portion of all three tested elements introduced clear depletion curve in control treatment, both limed treatments showed high stability of element complexes almost unaffected by wheat roots.Keywords:
liming; lime; limestone; immobilization; contaminated soil; cadmium; lead; zinc; pot experiment; rhizobox experiment