Soybean (Glycine max) seed growth characteristics in response to light enrichment and shading
X. Liu, S.J. Herbert, K. Baath, A.M. Hashemihttps://doi.org/10.17221/3363-PSECitation:Liu X., Herbert S.J., Baath K., Hashemi A.M. (2006): Soybean (Glycine max) seed growth characteristics in response to light enrichment and shading. Plant Soil Environ., 52: 178-185.
Seeds are the primary sinks for photosynthates during reproductive growth. Variation in light intercepted during and after seed initiation has been found a major environmental determinant of soybean [Glycine max(L.) Merrill] seed size. We investigated the influence of light enrichment and shading on seed growth rate, effective filling, cotyledon cell number, cell volume and endogenousABA concentrations of cotyledons/testas during seed filling of soybean. Evans, an indeterminate Group 0 soybean, was subjected to light reduction and enrichment treatments from the beginning of pod formation until final harvest for two years inMassachusetts. Higher rates of seed growth, greater seed dry weight, and higher cotyledon cell number were all observed with light enrichment. There was a reduction in seed growth rate and cotyledon cell number, along with a significant lowering of endogenousABA levels in testa and cotyledon with shade. The level ofABAin cotyledon during seed development was significantly correlated with seed growth rates only under shade treatments. Both the growth rates and seed filling duration were influenced by variation in light interception by the soybean canopy. The effects of varying light treatment on seed size, within one genotype, were most likely due to the differences in seed growth rate and cotyledon cell number.Keywords:
soybean; seed size; growth rate; cotyledon cell number; ABA; light enrichment