Effect of osmotic stress on compatible solutes content, membrane stability and water relationsin two maize cultivars
P. Valentovič, M. Luxová, L. Kolarovič, O. Gašparíkováhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3364-PSECitation:Valentovič P., Luxová M., Kolarovič L., Gašparíková O. (2006): Effect of osmotic stress on compatible solutes content, membrane stability and water relationsin two maize cultivars. Plant Soil Environ., 52: 186-191.
The effect of osmotic stress on oxidative injury, compatible solutes content and water relations was investigated in two maize cultivars (Zea mays L. cv. Ankora – drought-sensitive and cv. Nova – drought-tolerant). Relative water content in leaves of both cultivars decreased after drought treatment, leaf water loss of sensitive cv. Ankora was higher than that of cv. Nova. The 24 h water stress induced by 0.3M sorbitol (–1.4 MPa) resulted in a damage of cell membranes. Lipid peroxidation rose in all studied organs of cv. Ankora and electrolyte leakage in roots of cv. Ankora was much higher than in cv. Nova. Similarly, proline content increased significantly in all studied organs of cv. Ankora. Content of soluble sugars increased in all studied organs of both cultivars, but the mesocotyl of cv. Nova accumulated the highest amount of sugars. The electrolyte leakage was the highest in the roots of both cultivars. Osmotic stress had deep influence predominantly on the roots of both cultivars. It is apparent that stress impact on the drought-sensitive cv. Ankora was deeper than on the drought-tolerant cv. Nova.Keywords:
drought; RWC; electrolyte leakage; lipid peroxidation; proline; sugars