Parametric stability analyses for grain yield of durum wheat

https://doi.org/10.17221/3438-PSECitation:Akcura M., Kaya Y., Taner S., Ayranci R. (2006): Parametric stability analyses for grain yield of durum wheat. Plant Soil Environ., 52: 254-261.
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Grain yield of 15 durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) genotypes consisting of 13 cultivars and 2 advanced lines, tested in a randomized complete block design with four replications across 8 environments of Central Anatolian Region of Turkey was analyzed using nine parametric stability measures. The objectives were to assess genotype-environment interactions (GEI), determine stable genotypes, and compare mean grain yield with the parametric stability parameters. To quantify yield stability, nine stability statistics were calculated (bi, S2di, Ri2, Wi2, σi2, S2i, αi and λi). Yilmaz-98, Cakmak-79, Kiziltan-91, Selcuklu-97 and C-1252 were more stable cultivars, which had 9, 8, 6, 6, 6 out of all 9 stability statistics used, respectively. Especially, among these cultivars, Yilmaz-98 and Cakmak-79 were the most stable cultivars. Furthermore, three-dimensional plots of mean response versus each stability statistic were shown to visually evaluate the yield potential and stability estimates of the genotypes. Genotype mean yield (–x) was significantly positively correlated to the regression coefficient (bi), environmental variance and genotype to the environmental effects (αi), indicating that high grain yielding genotypes had larger values bi, S2i, and αi, S2i, Wi2, CVi, αi and bi, were significantly correlated, indicating that they measured similar aspects of stability
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