Effect of treated wastewater on soil chemical and physical properties in an arid region
J. Abedi-Koupai, B. Mostafazadeh-Fard, M. Afyuni, M.R. Bagherihttps://doi.org/10.17221/3450-PSECitation:Abedi-Koupai J., Mostafazadeh-Fard B., Afyuni M., Bagheri M.R. (2006): Effect of treated wastewater on soil chemical and physical properties in an arid region. Plant Soil Environ., 52: 335-344.
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of treated wastewater on soil chemical and physical properties. Field experiment was conducted in Borkhar region in Isfahan province in central Iran with two water treatments of wastewater and groundwater under sprinkler and surface irrigation systems for three crops of sugar beet, corn and sunflower. Soil samples were collected to 120 cm depth to determine concentration of lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn). Irrigation systems had no significant effect on extractable heavy metals in soil. The accumulation of Pb, Mn, Ni and Co in the soil increased significantly in the wastewater treatment as compared to the groundwater treatment. The accumulation of Pb, Mn, Ni, Co, Cu and Zn decreases with the soil depth. Treated wastewater showed no effect on the increase of Fe, Cd, Ni, Cu and Zn during growing season. The irrigation system had a significant effect on infiltration rate, bulk density and total porosity. Under sprinkler irrigation system the infiltration rate increased significantlyKeywords:
treated wastewater; heavy metals; sprinkler irrigation; surface irrigation; infiltration