Initial growth responses of blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) under elevated CO2and moisture stress
M. Vanaja, P. Ratnakumar, P. Vagheera, M. Jyothi, P. Raghuram Reddy, N. Jyothi Lakshmi, M. Maheshwari, S.K. Yadavhttps://doi.org/10.17221/3540-PSECitation:Vanaja M., Ratnakumar P., Vagheera P., Jyothi M., Raghuram Reddy P., Jyothi Lakshmi N., Maheshwari M., Yadav S.K. (2006): Initial growth responses of blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) under elevated CO2and moisture stress. Plant Soil Environ., 52: 499-504.
An attempt was made to understand the interactive effect of the elevated CO2 and moisture stress on germination and initial growth responses of blackgarm (Vigna mungo L. Hepper). Four open top chambers (OTCs) were used for different conditions: irrigated with ambient CO2 (365 ppm), irrigated with elevated CO2 (600 ppm), moisture stress with ambient CO2 and moisture stress with elevated CO2. The percentage of germination, germination speed, emergence index, and vigor index were measured on the 5th and 6th day after sowing (DAS). Plants were harvested at different time intervals, i.e. on 7, 14, 21 and 28 DAS; leaf area and dry weights of the seedlings were recorded. It was observed that moisture stress in general reduced the germination in all the conditions and affected seedling growth of blackgram. Germination percentage, emergence index, germination speed and vigor index were increased with elevated CO2 under both irrigated and moisture stress conditions. Plants grown with elevated CO2 were taller and attained a greater leaf area along with more biomass than ambient CO2 levels under irrigated and moisture stress conditions at all time intervals. The increase in the germination, larger leaf area and dry matter of root, shoot and leaf proved that CO2 enrichment of the atmosphere will be beneficial for the crops for better establishment and greater productivity.Keywords:
elevated CO2; blackgram; moisture stress; germination; biomass; leaf area