The influence of gypsum treatment on the acquirement of nutrients from soils by barley
J. Matula, M. Pechovahttps://doi.org/10.17221/2299-PSECitation:Matula J., Pechova M. (2007): The influence of gypsum treatment on the acquirement of nutrients from soils by barley. Plant Soil Environ., 53: 89-96.
The aim of the present paper was to determine the impact of gypsum treatment of soils on initial growth and nutrient uptake by spring barley. Topsoil from 36 different farmed fields was used for the research. Two variants were established for each soil: control − without gypsum application, and response variant − with the application of 3.3 ppm CaSO4.2 H2O. Barley was grown on these soils for 21 days in a plant growth chamber under controlled conditions of cultivation. Concentrations of nutrients (N, NO3−, P, S, K, Mg, Ca, Na, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, B and Mo) were determined in the yield of barley shoot biomass. Paired t-test was used for the evaluation of results. After the gypsum treatment the yield of barley shoot biomass was significantly higher (by 15% on average) and nitrogen utilisation was better on all soils. The concentration of sulphur increased five times on average and Ca concentration increased by 22%. Significant increases were measured in Mg, Mn and Cu. Insignificant differences were recorded in K, Na, Fe and Zn. The uptake of anion nutrients (P, B and Mo) was influenced significantly. The concentration of P and Mo decreased on average by 28% and 31%, respectively. B concentration was higher by 10% on average.Keywords:soils; gypsum; nutrient uptake; barley; N; P; S; K; Mg; Ca; Na; Fe; Mn; Zn; Cu; B; Mo