The influence of fertilisation and crop rotation on soil microbial characteristics in the long-term field experiment
O. Mikanová, M. Friedlová, T. Šimonhttps://doi.org/10.17221/326-PSECitation:Mikanová O., Friedlová M., Šimon T. (2009): The influence of fertilisation and crop rotation on soil microbial characteristics in the long-term field experiment. Plant Soil Environ., 55: 11-16.
Soils were sampled from the plots with four variants of fertilisation: Nil – without fertilisation, NPK – mineral fertilisation, FYM – farmyard manure, FYM + NPK – farmyard manure with mineral fertilisation, and two variants of crop rotation: field IV – classical 9-year crop rotation, field B – 2-year rotation of alternative growing. Determination of urease, CFU of Azotobacter spp. and potential nitrogenase activity was conducted during the period 1999–2004. The urease activity was positively affected by manure fertilisation (FYM) and by the combination of FYM + NPK. The statistically significantly highest counts of Azotobacter spp. and the highest nitrogenase activity were determined on field B in variants FYM and FYM + NPK. The results show that there was a higher amount of accessible nitrogen present on field IV than on field B. This might explain the lower counts of Azotobacter spp. and therefore the lower nitrogenase activity. According to our results, activity of urease, CFU of Azotobacter spp. and potential nitrogenase activity are very closely connected with N inputs.Keywords:urease; Azotobacter spp.; fertilisation; potential nitrogenase aktivity