The influence of selenium soil application on its content in spring wheat
L. Ducsay, O. Ložek, L. Vargahttps://doi.org/10.17221/318-PSECitation:Ducsay L., Ložek O., Varga L. (2009): The influence of selenium soil application on its content in spring wheat. Plant Soil Environ., 55: 80-84.
The influence of application of increasing doses of selenium (0.05 mg, 0.10 mg and 0.20 mg/kg) into soil in pot experiments, with NPK fertilization of spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L., variety Banti), on the biomass yield (grain, straw, roots) and on selenium accumulation was observed. Selenium in the form of sodium selenite (Na2SeO3•5H2O) and the NPK nutrients in the form of LAD-27, Ca(H2PO4)2 and KCl were applied. The average two-year results showed the expected indifferent effect of increasing doses of selenium on the yield of wheat grain, straw and roots. The differentiated doses of selenium into soil caused a significant increase of selenium content in dry matter (dm) of grain, straw and roots of wheat. The highest content of selenium (0.732 mg/kg in grain, 0.227 mg/kg in straw and 1.375 mg/kg in roots dm) was determined in the variant where 0.2 mg Se/kg of soil was applied. When applying the lowest dose of selenium (0.05 mg Se/kg of soil) the content of selenium was 0.155 mg Se/kg in grain. The selenium content in individual analysed parts of wheat was increasing in the following order: straw – grain – roots.
spring wheat; soil application; content of selenium; utility of selenium