Yield and quality of spring wheat and soil properties as affected by tillage system
A. Woźniak, M. Goshttps://doi.org/10.17221/7330-PSECitation:Woźniak A., Gos M. (2014): Yield and quality of spring wheat and soil properties as affected by tillage system. Plant Soil Environ., 60: 141-145.
The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of tillage systems and nitrogen fertilization on the grain yield and quality of spring wheat and on selected chemical and biological properties of soil. The first order factor was the tillage system: (1) conventional (CT) – shallow ploughing and harrowing after harvest of the previous crop, and pre-winter ploughing; (2) reduced (RT) – only a cultivator after harvest of the previous crop, and (3) no-tillage (NT) – only Roundup 360 SL herbicide (a.s. glyphosate) after harvest of the previous crop. The second order factor was nitrogen dose: (1) 90 kg N/ha and (2) 150 kg N/ha. Higher yields were demonstrated for spring wheat sown in CT and RT systems, compared to the NT system. In addition, grain yield was increased by a nitrogen dose of 150 kg/ha, compared to 90 kg/ha. Contents of protein and wet gluten in the grain were also increased by the higher nitrogen dose. The RT and NT systems were observed to increase the content of organic C, total N and available phosphorus in the soil, compared to the CT system. They also increased the number and mass of earthworms in the soil, compared to the CT system.Keywords:
tillage system; nitrogen fertilization; Triticum aestivum; chemical and biological properties of soil