Soil, slurry and application effects on greenhouse gas emissions M., Fuß R., Well R., Garlipp F., Van den Weghe H. (2015): Soil, slurry and application effects on greenhouse gas emissions. Plant Soil Environ., 61: 344-351.
download PDF
In conjunction with soil type and climate, the use of nitrogen fertilizers is a major factor affecting nitrous oxide emissions. This study compares injection of pig slurry and pig slurry digestate at 15 or 20 cm depths with trailing-hose application followed by immediate incorporation. The work was based on a laboratory microcosm experiment with undisturbed soil cylinders (0–30 cm depth) from three arable soils (Histosol, Gleysol and Plaggic Anthrosol). Soil cylinders were fertilized with pig slurry and pig slurry digestate (150 kg N/ha) and emissions of N2O, CH4 and CO2 were monitored. The comparison of application techniques over a 37-day period show that soil type and application technique, had a strong (P < 0.001) impact on N2O emissions. Fertilization with pig slurry showed no significantly higher N2O emissions than pig slurry digestate. Fertilizer injection significantly increased N2O emissions compared to fertilization with a trailing-hose with incorporation.
Aguilera Eduardo, Lassaletta Luis, Sanz-Cobena Alberto, Garnier Josette, Vallejo Antonio (2013): The potential of organic fertilizers and water management to reduce N2O emissions in Mediterranean climate cropping systems. A review. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 164, 32-52
Boeckx P., Van Cleemput O. (2001): Estimates of N2O and CH4 fluxes from agricultural lands in various regions in Europe. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 60: 35–47.
Chadwick D.R., Pain B.F. (1997): Methane fluxes following slurry applications to grassland soils: laboratory experiments. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 63, 51-60
Clemens Joachim, Vandré Robert, Kaupenjohann Martin, Goldbach Heiner (1997): Ammonia and Nitrous Oxide Emissions after Landspreading of Slurry as Influenced by Application Technique and Dry Matter-Reduction. II. Short Term Nitrous Oxide Emissions. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenernährung und Bodenkunde, 160, 491-496
Comfort S. D., Kelling K. A., Keeney D. R., Converse J. C. (1990): Nitrous Oxide Production from Injected Liquid Dairy Manure. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 54, 421-
Flessa H., Beese F. (2000): Laboratory Estimates of Trace Gas Emissions following Surface Application and Injection of Cattle Slurry. Journal of Environment Quality, 29, 262-
Hantschel Ralph E., Flessa Heiner, Beese Friedrich (1994): An Automated Microcosm System for Studying Soil Ecological Processes. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 58, 401-
Huijsmans J (2003): Effect of application method, manure characteristics, weather and field conditions on ammonia volatilization from manure applied to arable land. Atmospheric Environment, 37, 3669-3680
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (2007): Climate Change 2007 – Synthesis Report. Available at (accessed on 08.10.2013)
Köster Jan Reent, Cárdenas Laura, Senbayram Mehmet, Bol Roland, Well Reinhard, Butler Mark, Mühling Karl Hermann, Dittert Klaus (2011): Rapid shift from denitrification to nitrification in soil after biogas residue application as indicated by nitrous oxide isotopomers. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43, 1671-1677
Loftfield N., Flessa H., Augustin J., Beese F. (1997): Automated Gas Chromatographic System for Rapid Analysis of the Atmospheric Trace Gases Methane, Carbon Dioxide, and Nitrous Oxide. Journal of Environment Quality, 26, 560-
LWK Niedersachsen (2008): Versuchsergebnisse zur grundwasserschutzorientierten. Hannover, Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen, 40. (In German)
Morken J., Sakshaug S. (1998): Direct ground injection of livestock waste slurry to avoid ammonia emission. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 51: 59–63.
Nyord T., Søgaard H.T., Hansen M.N., Jensen L.S. (2008): Injection methods to reduce ammonia emission from volatile liquid fertilisers applied to growing crops. Biosystems Engineering, 100, 235-244
R Core Team (2014): R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Available at
Velthof G.L., Mosquera J. (2011): The impact of slurry application technique on nitrous oxide emission from agricultural soils. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 140, 298-308
Velthof G. L., Oenema O., Postma R., Van Beusichem M. L. (1996): Effects of type and amount of applied nitrogen fertilizer on nitrous oxide fluxes from intensively managed grassland. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 46, 257-267
Well R., Butterbach-Bahl K. (2010): Indirect emissions of N2O from N deposition and leaching of agricultural N. In: Smith K. (ed.): Nitrous Oxide and Climate Change. London, Earthscan Publications, 162–189.
WELL R, KURGANOVA I, LOPESDEGERENYU V, FLESSA H (2006): Isotopomer signatures of soil-emitted N2O under different moisture conditions—A microcosm study with arable loess soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38, 2923-2933
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti