Technology and mechanization of cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke healthier
Viktor Starovoitov, Oksana Starovoitova, Nikolay Aldoshin, Aleksandra Manokhinahttps://doi.org/10.17221/108/2017-RAECitation:Starovoitov V., Starovoitova O., Aldoshin N., Manokhina A. (2018): Technology and mechanization of cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke healthier . Res. Agr. Eng., 64: 151-156.
erusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosum L.) is a promising bioenergy multi-purpose crop. The Jerusalem artichoke is a valuable culture that is a source of inulin, fructose and pectin. Green mass of the Jerusalem artichoke has a high content of complex carbohydrate (fructose, glucose, sucrose, etc.) in the dry weight of the plant contain up to 17% protein with a balanced amino acid composition. Biotechnological methods are firmly established in plant growing practice and are widely used for rapid multiplication and obtaining healthy planting material of many economically important crops. The technology of micro clonal propagation “in vitro” has great importance for the development of seed production of Jerusalem artichoke and obtain sufficient quantity of high quality planting material. Formed innovative scheme of sequential technological process of seed production of Jerusalem artichoke includes the production of original seed material “in vitro” Jerusalem artichoke, mass reproduction by aero hydroponic installations, and the rationale based on research of the technology of growing high-quality seed of Jerusalem artichoke. It was found that at cultivation of minitubers of micro plants in aero hydroponic installation compared to farming by traditional technology, the cost of one minituber decreased by 9.58 RUB.
sequential technological process; seed production of Jerusalem artichoke; source of plants; minitubersReferences: