Technology and mechanization of cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke healthier 

https://doi.org/10.17221/108/2017-RAECitation:Starovoitov V., Starovoitova O., Aldoshin N., Manokhina A. (2018): Technology and mechanization of cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke healthier . Res. Agr. Eng., 64: 151-156.
download PDF

erusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosum L.) is a promising bioenergy multi-purpose crop. The Jerusalem artichoke is a valuable culture that is a source of inulin, fructose and pectin. Green mass of the Jerusalem artichoke has a high content of complex carbohydrate (fructose, glucose, sucrose, etc.) in the dry weight of the plant contain up to 17% protein with a balanced amino acid composition. Biotechnological methods are firmly established in plant growing practice and are widely used for rapid multiplication and obtaining healthy planting material of many economically important crops. The technology of micro clonal propagation “in vitro” has great importance for the development of seed production of Jerusalem artichoke and obtain sufficient quantity of high quality planting material. Formed innovative scheme of sequential technological process of seed production of Jerusalem artichoke includes the production of original seed material “in vitro” Jerusalem artichoke, mass reproduction by aero hydroponic installations, and the rationale based on research of the technology of growing high-quality seed of Jerusalem artichoke. It was found that at cultivation of minitubers of micro plants in aero hydroponic installation compared to farming by traditional technology, the cost of one minituber decreased by 9.58 RUB.

References:
GOST 32790 2014 (2014): Jerusalem Artichoke is fresh. Technical conditions.
 
GOST R 55757-2013 (2013): Jerusalem Artichoke (tubers). The planting material. Varietal and seed quality. General specifications.
 
Hutinel O. S., Yurlova S. M., Anisimov B. V. (2012): Peculiarities of hydroponic growing mini – and micro tubers installations in the KD-10 and “Minivit”. Potato growing. Collection of scientific papers. Russian Agricultural Academy All-Russian Research Institute of Potato Economy, M: 125–131.
 
Malko A. A., Nikolaev Yu. N., Makarova V. S. et al. (2011): Technological process of production of original and reproductive seed potatoes. Federal State University “Rosselkhoztsentr”, GNU VNIIKH Rossel’hozakademija: 32.
 
McCarter S. M. (1984): Diseases Limiting Production of Jerusalem Artichokes in Georgia. Plant Disease, 68, 299- https://doi.org/10.1094/PD-69-299
 
Mezencev R. (1985): Premiers resultats des essais 1984 AZF/AFTER sur topinambours/betteraves en Midi-Pyrenees. AZF/CdF Chimie, Toulouse.
 
Mimiola G. (1988): Test of topinambour cultivation in Southern Italy, in Topinambour (Jerusalem Artichoke). Report EUR 11855, Grassi, G. and Gosse, G., Eds., Commission of the European Communities. – Luxembourg: 53–60.
 
Starovoitova O. A., Starovoitov V. I., Manohina A. A. (2017): Agro methods the cultivation of Jerusalem artichoke. Vestnik of FGOU VPO MGAU named after V. P. Goryachkin, 77: 7–13.
 
Starovoytov Victor, Starovoytova Oksana, Aldoshin Nikolay, Manohina Alexandra (2017): Jerusalem Artichoke as a Means of Fields Conservation. Acta Technologica Agriculturae, 20, 7-10 https://doi.org/10.1515/ata-2017-0002
 
download PDF

© 2018 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences