Effect of biomass characteristics on durability of Cassava stalk residues pellets

https://doi.org/10.17221/113/2016-RAECitation:Kaewwinud N. (2018): Effect of biomass characteristics on durability of Cassava stalk residues pellets. Res. Agr. Eng., 64: 15-19.
download PDF

This study aims at investigating the effect of the main biomass characteristics (moisture content and particle size) on durability of Cassava stalk residues pellets. This durability is necessary to consider design of the material handling, processing equipment, storage and transportation of biomass pellets. The raw biomass materials were ground and screened into four range sizes and pelletization was done at three different percentage levels of moisture conditions defined as percentage of added water by mass of raw material. Pellets in each condition were analysed for durability. The result showed that the highest durability occurred in particle size 1.7 mm but less than 3.35 mm and 10% moisture content by mass of raw biomass material. The mean durability in the best conditions was 99.02%. This information is important for the design and efficient preparation of biomass material for pelletization to achieve the high quality pellets with high durability for handling, transportation and storage.

ASAE standards (1993): Standards Engineering Practices Data, 40th Eds., American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, USA.
Adapa P.K, Tabil L.G., Schoenau G.J. (2013): Factors affecting the quality of biomass pellet for biofuel and energy analysis of pelleting process, International Journal Agricultural and Biological Engineering, 6: 1–12.
Carone M.T., Pantaleo A., Pellerano A. (2011): Influence of process parameters and biomass characteristics on the durability of pellets from the pruning residues of Olea europaea L, Biomass and Bioenergy, 35: 402–410. Available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe2010.08.052
FAO (2008): Cassava. Available at http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/agpc/gcds/index_en.html
FAO (2010): Thailand country update report. http:// Available at
FAO (2011): A review of cassava in Asia with country case studies on Thailand and Viet Nam. http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/agpc/gcds/en/publications.html
Garcia-Maraver A., Rodriguez M.L., Serrano-Bernardo F., Diaz L.F., Zamorano M. (2015): Factors affecting the quality of pellets made from residual biomass of olive trees. Fuel Processing Technology, 129, 1-7  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2014.08.018
Gilbert P., Ryu C., Sharifi V., Swithenbank J. (2009): Effect of process parameters on pelletisation of herbaceous crops. Fuel, 88, 1491-1497  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2009.03.015
Nisanath Kaewwinud, Porntep Khokhajaikiat, Apichart Boonma (2017): Effect of moisture and region of cut on cassava stalk properties in biomass applications. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 63, 23-28  https://doi.org/10.17221/70/2015-RAE
Miranda T., Arranz J.I., Montero I., Román S., Rojas C.V., Nogales S. (2012): Characterization and combustion of olive pomace and forest residue pellets. Fuel Processing Technology, 103, 91-96  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2011.10.016
OAE (2014): Agricultural statistics of Thailand 2014. Available at http://www.oae.go.th
Poddar S., Kamruzzaman M., Sujan S.M.A., Hossain M., Jamal M.S., Gafur M.A. Khanam M. (2014): Effect of compression pressure on lignocellulosic biomass pellet to improve fuel properties: Higher heating value, Fuel, 131: 43-48.
Poramacom N., Ungsuratana A., Ungsuratana P., Supavititpattana P. (2013): Cassava production, prices and related policy in Thailand. American International Journal of Contemporary Research, 3: 43–51.
Samuelsson Robert, Thyrel Mikael, Sjöström Michael, Lestander Torbjörn A. (2009): Effect of biomaterial characteristics on pelletizing properties and biofuel pellet quality. Fuel Processing Technology, 90, 1129-1134  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2009.05.007
Thai Tapioca Development Institute. (2006): Kasetsart 50 (KU 50). Available at http://www.tapiocathai.org/English/K2_e.html
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti