Comparison of oil press for jatropha oil – a review

https://doi.org/10.17221/22/2013-RAECitation:Siregar A.N., Ghani J.A., Haron C.H.C., Rizal M., Yaakob Z., Kamarudin S.K. (2015): Comparison of oil press for jatropha oil – a review. Res. Agr. Eng., 61: 1-13.
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As petrol will soon be exhausted in the near future, Jatropha is going to be one of the substitute candidates for future biodiesel production. Countries of South-East Asia, such as Malaysia, they are going to start the establishment of Jatropha plantations assuming that Jatropha will be the main resource for biodiesel production. A press is commonly used to extract oils from Jatropha. An oil press can be manually driven or engine-powered. In this paper, we will review some available advances focused on mechanical extraction techniques, covering three types of press for Jatropha oil extraction. We have found that major points like operating principles, oil extraction levels, advantages and disadvantages of each press and important factors to increase oil recovery. Based on the study, three types of press are: ram press, which is ineffective; strainer press, which is able to produce more oil than others and cylinder-hole press, which is the best due to its capacity in extracting oil from Jatropha seeds for about 89.4% of oil yields.
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