Computer simulation of the teat-cup liner stress and strain tensor
I. Karas, R. Gálik, Š. Pogran, M. Šestákhttps://doi.org/10.17221/23/2012-RAECitation:Karas I., Gálik R., Pogran Š., Šesták M. (2013): Computer simulation of the teat-cup liner stress and strain tensor. Res. Agr. Eng., 59: 114-119.
The three-notch black pressed teat-cup liners were selected into the set of the analysed teat-cup liners, and, for comparison purposes, teat-cup liners produced from silicone mixture. Wall thicknesses of the analysed teat-cup liners were adjusted by smoothing of the middle working part in length of 30 mm. The working part thickness thus changed from the original 2.37 to 0.41 mm for a teat-cup liner produced from black mixture and from the original thickness of 2.30 to 0.40 mm for a silicone teat-cup liner. A possibility of maximum closure of teat-cup liners in the pressing tact was assessed at the working suction of 50 kPa, the flow of distilled water through a measurement device reached the value of 4.4 l/min. Under laboratory conditions, with the above criteria fulfilled, the following stress relations were detected at teat tips: black teat-cup liner 30.25 kPa, silicone teat-cup liner 23.14 kPa. From the acquired results follows that the silicone teat-cup liner showed, from the aspect of suction loss, a more favourable value by 7.11 kPa. Physical-mechanical qualities of the analysed teat-cup liners were further used for the computer simulation of the teat-cup liners stress and strain tensor.Keywords:
tensile test; suction; closing stopper; reduced stress