Mechanical properties of composite material reinforced with textile waste from the process of tyres recycling

https://doi.org/10.17221/32/2015-RAECitation:Müller M. (2016): Mechanical properties of composite material reinforced with textile waste from the process of tyres recycling. Res. Agr. Eng., 62: 99-105.
download PDF
The paper deals with the polymeric fibre composite with the reinforcement on the basis of the waste from the process of the tyres recycling. The aim of the research was the use of the material of cleaned textile waste from the process of the tyres recycling. The secondary waste raw material was used as filler in the composite. The subject of performed experiments was the polymeric composite, whose continuous phase was in a form of a two-component epoxy adhesive (GlueEpox Rapid) and a discontinuous phase in a form of microfibers from the process of tyres recycling. The experiments results proved that the composite materials based on the textile waste from the process of the tyres recycling reached an increase of an impact strength, a tensile lap-shear strength and an elongation of the adhesive bond
(to 2.5% vol.). The textile microfiller has a negative influence on the tensile strength and elongation of adhesives.  
References:
Acevedo B., Fernández A.M., Barriocanal C. (2015): Identification of polymers in waste tyre reinforcing fibre by thermal analysis and pyrolysis. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 111, 224-232 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2014.11.005
 
Bartl A., Hackl A., Mihalyi B., Wistuba M., Marini I. (2005): Recycling of Fibre Materials. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 83, 351-358 https://doi.org/10.1205/psep.04392
 
Čierna H., Ťavodová M. (2013): Using the design of experiment method to evaluate quality of cuts after cutting aluminum alloy by AWJ. Manufacturing Technology, 13: 303–307.
 
Dadfar M.R., Ghadami F. (2013): Effect of rubber modification on fracture toughness properties of glass reinforced hot cured epoxy composites. Materials & Design, 47, 16-20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.12.035
 
Fang Yi, Zhan Maosheng, Wang Ying (2001): The status of recycling of waste rubber. Materials & Design, 22, 123-128 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-3069(00)00052-2
 
Ferreira Caio T., Perez César A.B., Hirayama Denise, Saron Clodoaldo (2013): Recycling of polyamide (PA) from scrap tires as composites and blends. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 1, 762-767 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2013.07.016
 
Gaggino Rosana, Positieri María Josefina, Irico Patricia, Kreiker Jerónimo, Arguello Ricardo, Sánchez María Paz Amono (2013): Ecological Roofing Tiles Made with Rubber and Plastic Wastes. Advanced Materials Research, 844, 458-461 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.844.458
 
Hricova Julia (2013): Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing: The Effect of Metalworking Fluid in High Speed Machining <sup></sup>. Key Engineering Materials, 581, 89-94 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.581.89
 
Kejval J., Müller M. (2013): Mechanical properties of multi-component polymeric composite with particles of Al2O3/SiC. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 44, 237-242 https://doi.org/10.7160/sab.2013.440407
 
Knapčíková L., Monka P., Hloch S. (2014): Composite Materials Reinforced with Fabric from Used Tyres. Journal of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering, 12: 20–24.
 
Novák M. (2011): Surface duality hardened steels after grinding. Manufacturing technology, 11: 55–59.
 
Parres F., Crespo-Amorós J.E., Nadal-Gisbert A. (2009): Mechanical properties analysis of plaster reinforced with fiber and microfiber obtained from shredded tires. Construction and Building Materials, 23, 3182-3188 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.06.040
 
Xu Shi Ai, Wang Gong Tao, Mai Yiu Wing (2013): Effect of hybridization of liquid rubber and nanosilica particles on the morphology, mechanical properties, and fracture toughness of epoxy composites. Journal of Materials Science, 48, 3546-3556 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-013-7149-4
 
Taranu N., Banu D., Oprisan G., Budescu M., Bejan L. (2013): Strengthening of thin reinforced concrete slabs with composite strips. Romanian Journal of Materials, 43: 3–13.
 
Ťavodova M. (2013): The surface quality of materials after cutting by abrasive water jet evaluated by selected methods. Manufacturing Technology, 13: 236–241.
 
Valášek P. (2014): Mechanical properties of epoxy resins filled with waste rubber powder. Manufacturing Technology, 14: 632–637.
 
Valášek P., Kejval J., Müller M. (2014): Epoxy resin filled with primary and secondary raw material – useable in agriculture. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 60: 165–171.
 
Valášek P., Müller M. (2014): EPDM rubber material utilization in epoxy composite systems. Agronomy Research, 12: 291–298.
 
Jiao Weizhou, Liu Youzhi, Qi Guisheng (2009): Studies on mechanical properties of epoxy composites filled with the grafted particles PGMA/Al2O3. Composites Science and Technology, 69, 391-395 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2008.11.003
 
Acevedo B., Fernández A.M., Barriocanal C. (2015): Identification of polymers in waste tyre reinforcing fibre by thermal analysis and pyrolysis. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 111, 224-232 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2014.11.005
 
Bartl A., Hackl A., Mihalyi B., Wistuba M., Marini I. (2005): Recycling of Fibre Materials. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 83, 351-358 https://doi.org/10.1205/psep.04392
 
Čierna H., Ťavodová M. (2013): Using the design of experiment method to evaluate quality of cuts after cutting aluminum alloy by AWJ. Manufacturing Technology, 13: 303–307.
 
Dadfar M.R., Ghadami F. (2013): Effect of rubber modification on fracture toughness properties of glass reinforced hot cured epoxy composites. Materials & Design, 47, 16-20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.12.035
 
Fang Yi, Zhan Maosheng, Wang Ying (2001): The status of recycling of waste rubber. Materials & Design, 22, 123-128 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-3069(00)00052-2
 
Ferreira Caio T., Perez César A.B., Hirayama Denise, Saron Clodoaldo (2013): Recycling of polyamide (PA) from scrap tires as composites and blends. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 1, 762-767 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2013.07.016
 
Gaggino Rosana, Positieri María Josefina, Irico Patricia, Kreiker Jerónimo, Arguello Ricardo, Sánchez María Paz Amono (2013): Ecological Roofing Tiles Made with Rubber and Plastic Wastes. Advanced Materials Research, 844, 458-461 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.844.458
 
Hricova Julia (2013): Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing: The Effect of Metalworking Fluid in High Speed Machining <sup></sup>. Key Engineering Materials, 581, 89-94 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.581.89
 
Kejval J., Müller M. (2013): Mechanical properties of multi-component polymeric composite with particles of Al2O3/SiC. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 44, 237-242 https://doi.org/10.7160/sab.2013.440407
 
Knapčíková L., Monka P., Hloch S. (2014): Composite Materials Reinforced with Fabric from Used Tyres. Journal of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering, 12: 20–24.
 
Novák M. (2011): Surface duality hardened steels after grinding. Manufacturing technology, 11: 55–59.
 
Parres F., Crespo-Amorós J.E., Nadal-Gisbert A. (2009): Mechanical properties analysis of plaster reinforced with fiber and microfiber obtained from shredded tires. Construction and Building Materials, 23, 3182-3188 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.06.040
 
Xu Shi Ai, Wang Gong Tao, Mai Yiu Wing (2013): Effect of hybridization of liquid rubber and nanosilica particles on the morphology, mechanical properties, and fracture toughness of epoxy composites. Journal of Materials Science, 48, 3546-3556 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-013-7149-4
 
Taranu N., Banu D., Oprisan G., Budescu M., Bejan L. (2013): Strengthening of thin reinforced concrete slabs with composite strips. Romanian Journal of Materials, 43: 3–13.
 
Ťavodova M. (2013): The surface quality of materials after cutting by abrasive water jet evaluated by selected methods. Manufacturing Technology, 13: 236–241.
 
Valášek P. (2014): Mechanical properties of epoxy resins filled with waste rubber powder. Manufacturing Technology, 14: 632–637.
 
Valášek P., Kejval J., Müller M. (2014): Epoxy resin filled with primary and secondary raw material – useable in agriculture. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 60: 165–171.
 
Valášek P., Müller M. (2014): EPDM rubber material utilization in epoxy composite systems. Agronomy Research, 12: 291–298.
 
Jiao Weizhou, Liu Youzhi, Qi Guisheng (2009): Studies on mechanical properties of epoxy composites filled with the grafted particles PGMA/Al2O3. Composites Science and Technology, 69, 391-395 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2008.11.003
 
Acevedo B., Fernández A.M., Barriocanal C. (2015): Identification of polymers in waste tyre reinforcing fibre by thermal analysis and pyrolysis. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 111, 224-232 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2014.11.005
 
Bartl A., Hackl A., Mihalyi B., Wistuba M., Marini I. (2005): Recycling of Fibre Materials. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 83, 351-358 https://doi.org/10.1205/psep.04392
 
Čierna H., Ťavodová M. (2013): Using the design of experiment method to evaluate quality of cuts after cutting aluminum alloy by AWJ. Manufacturing Technology, 13: 303–307.
 
Dadfar M.R., Ghadami F. (2013): Effect of rubber modification on fracture toughness properties of glass reinforced hot cured epoxy composites. Materials & Design, 47, 16-20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.12.035
 
Fang Yi, Zhan Maosheng, Wang Ying (2001): The status of recycling of waste rubber. Materials & Design, 22, 123-128 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0261-3069(00)00052-2
 
Ferreira Caio T., Perez César A.B., Hirayama Denise, Saron Clodoaldo (2013): Recycling of polyamide (PA) from scrap tires as composites and blends. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 1, 762-767 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2013.07.016
 
Gaggino Rosana, Positieri María Josefina, Irico Patricia, Kreiker Jerónimo, Arguello Ricardo, Sánchez María Paz Amono (2013): Ecological Roofing Tiles Made with Rubber and Plastic Wastes. Advanced Materials Research, 844, 458-461 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.844.458
 
Hricova Julia (2013): Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing: The Effect of Metalworking Fluid in High Speed Machining <sup></sup>. Key Engineering Materials, 581, 89-94 https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.581.89
 
Kejval J., Müller M. (2013): Mechanical properties of multi-component polymeric composite with particles of Al2O3/SiC. Scientia Agriculturae Bohemica, 44, 237-242 https://doi.org/10.7160/sab.2013.440407
 
Knapčíková L., Monka P., Hloch S. (2014): Composite Materials Reinforced with Fabric from Used Tyres. Journal of Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering, 12: 20–24.
 
Novák M. (2011): Surface duality hardened steels after grinding. Manufacturing technology, 11: 55–59.
 
Parres F., Crespo-Amorós J.E., Nadal-Gisbert A. (2009): Mechanical properties analysis of plaster reinforced with fiber and microfiber obtained from shredded tires. Construction and Building Materials, 23, 3182-3188 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.06.040
 
Xu Shi Ai, Wang Gong Tao, Mai Yiu Wing (2013): Effect of hybridization of liquid rubber and nanosilica particles on the morphology, mechanical properties, and fracture toughness of epoxy composites. Journal of Materials Science, 48, 3546-3556 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-013-7149-4
 
Taranu N., Banu D., Oprisan G., Budescu M., Bejan L. (2013): Strengthening of thin reinforced concrete slabs with composite strips. Romanian Journal of Materials, 43: 3–13.
 
Ťavodova M. (2013): The surface quality of materials after cutting by abrasive water jet evaluated by selected methods. Manufacturing Technology, 13: 236–241.
 
Valášek P. (2014): Mechanical properties of epoxy resins filled with waste rubber powder. Manufacturing Technology, 14: 632–637.
 
Valášek P., Kejval J., Müller M. (2014): Epoxy resin filled with primary and secondary raw material – useable in agriculture. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 60: 165–171.
 
Valášek P., Müller M. (2014): EPDM rubber material utilization in epoxy composite systems. Agronomy Research, 12: 291–298.
 
Jiao Weizhou, Liu Youzhi, Qi Guisheng (2009): Studies on mechanical properties of epoxy composites filled with the grafted particles PGMA/Al2O3. Composites Science and Technology, 69, 391-395 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2008.11.003
 
download PDF

© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences