Ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from slatted dairy barn floors cleaned by robotic scrapers 

https://doi.org/10.17221/33/2017-RAECitation:Chiumenti A., da Borso F., Pezzuolo A., Sartori L., Chiumenti R. (2018): Ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from slatted dairy barn floors cleaned by robotic scrapers . Res. Agr. Eng., 64: 26-33.
download PDF

The design of animal housing and manure management systems are key factors in livestock farming. Frequent removal methods, in fact, allow for the reduction of gasses produced from fermentations of the organic matter contained in manure, that affect animal welfare and farmer health and are emitted from animal housings into the atmosphere as a consequence of ventilation. The present study aims to evaluate the performance of a Robotic Scraper (RS) operating on the floors in a full-scale, operative free-stall dairy barn. The research is focused on the evaluation of gaseous emissions from the two types of floors (concrete and rubber mat coated), and with and without RS operation. The floors with rubber coating demonstrated higher emission rates of ammonia (NH3), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide (N2O), and methane (CH4) compared to the uncovered concrete floors, both before and after RS operations. The operation of RS, furthermore, determined significant reduction of greenhouse gasses (GHG) but did not have relevant effect in terms of NH3 emission, which reduced only of 1.4% from concrete floors, but increase of 12.7% from rubber coated floors.

References:
Aneja V.P., Blunden J., James K., Schlesinger W.H., Knighton R., Gilliam W., Niyogi D., Cole S. (2007): Ammonia assessment from agriculture: status and national needs. In: Monteny, G.J., Hartung, E. (eds): Ammonia Emissions in Agriculture. Wageningen Academic Publishers: 44–51.
 
Baldini C., Borgonovo F., Coppolecchia D., Brambilla M., Navarotto P. (2012): Role of housing solutions in reducing GHG emissions from dairy cattle farms. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Emission of gas and dust from livestock (EMILI 2012), Saint-Malo, France.
 
Basso Bruno, Dumont Benjamin, Cammarano Davide, Pezzuolo Andrea, Marinello Francesco, Sartori Luigi (2016): Environmental and economic benefits of variable rate nitrogen fertilization in a nitrate vulnerable zone. Science of The Total Environment, 545-546, 227-235  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.104
 
Boscaro Davide, Pezzuolo Andrea, Grigolato Stefano, Cavalli Raffaele, Marinello Francesco, Sartori Luigi (2015): Preliminary analysis on mowing and harvesting grass along riverbanks for the supply of anaerobic digestion plants in north-eastern Italy. Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 46, 100-  https://doi.org/10.4081/jae.2015.465
 
Boscaro Davide, Pezzuolo Andrea, Sartori Luigi, Marinello Francesco, Mattioli Andrea, Bolzonella David, Grigolato Stefano (2018): Evaluation of the energy and greenhouse gases impacts of grass harvested on riverbanks for feeding anaerobic digestion plants. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 4099-4109  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.02.060
 
Braam C.R., Ketelaars J.M.H., Smits M.C.J. (1997): Effects of floor design and floor cleaning on ammonia emission from cubicle houses for dairy cows. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 45: 49–65.
 
Buck Melanie, Friedli Katharina, Steiner Beat, Gygax Lorenz, Wechsler Beat, Steiner Adrian (2013): Influence of manure scrapers on dairy cows in cubicle housing systems. Livestock Science, 158, 129-137  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2013.10.011
 
Cabaraux J.F., Philippe F.X., Laitat M., Canart B., Vandenheede M., Nicks B. (2009): Gaseous emission from weaned pigs raised on different floor systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 130: 86–92.
 
Chadwick Dave, Sommer Sven, Thorman Rachel, Fangueiro David, Cardenas Laura, Amon Barbara, Misselbrook Tom (2011): Manure management: Implications for greenhouse gas emissions. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 166-167, 514-531  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2011.04.036
 
Chapinal N., Barrientos A.K., von Keyserlingk M.A.G., Galo E., Weary D.M. (2013): Herd-level risk factors for lameness in freestall farms in the northeastern United States and California. Journal of Dairy Science, 96, 318-328  https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-5940
 
Chiumenti R. (2004): Costruzioni rurali. RCS Libri, Milano, Italy, 163–197.
 
Chiumenti A., Da Borso F., Rodar T., Chiumenti R. (2007): Swine manure composting by means of experimental turning equipment. Waste Management, 27, 1774-1782  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2006.10.017
 
Chiumenti A., Chiumenti R., Da Borso F., Landa A., Limina S. (2009): Anaerobic digestion of swine manure in conventional and hybrid pilot scale plans: performance and gaseous emissions reduction. Proceedings of the International Syposium ASABE 2009, Reno (NV), USA, June 21–24, 2009. ASABE, St. Joseph, USA.
 
Chiumenti Alessandro (2015): Complete nitrification–denitrification of swine manure in a full-scale, non-conventional composting system. Waste Management, 46, 577-587  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.07.035
 
Da Borso Francesco, Chiumenti Alessandro, Sigura Maurizia, Pezzuolo Andrea (2017): Influence of automatic feeding systems on design and management of dairy farms. Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 48, -  https://doi.org/10.4081/jae.2017.642
 
Hamelin L., Godbout S., Thériault R., Lemay S.P. (2010): Evaluating ammonia emission potential from concrete slat designs for pig housing. Biosystems Engineering, 105, 455-465  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2010.01.004
 
Horowitz R., Barnes K., Jones J., Moon P., Card T., Schmidt C.E., Noble D. (2013): California composting trial in impacted air shed. In: BioCycle. JG Press Emmus, USA.
 
IPCC – Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2006): Guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories. Agriculture forestry and other land use. IGES, Hayama, Kanagawa, Japan.
 
Markus R., Thorsten L. (2013): Development of simulation based algorithms for livestock robots. Landtechnik, 68: 278–280.
 
Monteny Gert-Jan, Bannink Andre, Chadwick David (2006): Greenhouse gas abatement strategies for animal husbandry. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 112, 163-170  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2005.08.015
 
Park K., Ngwabie N.M., Wagner-Riddle C. (2014): Chamber measurement methods and aeration effect on greenhouse gas fluxes during composting. Agricultural Engineering International CIGR Journal, 16: 1.
 
Pereira José, Fangueiro David, Misselbrook Tom H., Chadwick David R., Coutinho João, Trindade Henrique (2011): Ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from slatted and solid floors in dairy cattle houses: A scale model study. Biosystems Engineering, 109, 148-157  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2011.02.011
 
Pezzuolo A., Magrin L., Cozzi G., Marinello F., Sartori L. (2015): Precision and efficiency of a mechanized delivery system of solid feeds for veal calves. Proceeding of the 7th European Conference on Precision Livestock Farming, ECPLF 2015, 465-472.
 
Pezzuolo A., Dumont B., Sartori L., Marinello F., De Antoni Migliorati M., Basso B. (2017a): Evaluating the impact of soil conservation measures on soil organic carbon at the farm scale. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 135: 175–182.
 
Pezzuolo A., Boscaro D., Sartori L., Marinello F. (2017b): Energy parameters and feedstock management in farm-scale biogas plants: a survey in the north-east of Italy. Engineering for Rural Development, 16: 725–729.
 
Philippe F.X., Laitat M., Wavreille J., Bartiaux-Thill N., Nicks B., Cabaraux J.F. (2011): Ammonia and greenhouse gas emission from group-housed gestating sows depends on floor type. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 140, 498-505  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2011.01.018
 
Sommer S.G., McGinn S.M., Hao X., Larney F.J. (2004): Techniques for measuring gas emissions from a composting stockpile of cattle manure. Atmospheric Environment, 38, 4643-4652  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2004.05.014
 
Sommer S.G., Zhang G.Q., Bannink A., Chadwick D., Misselbrook T., Harrison R., Hutchings N.J., Menzi H., Monteny G.J., Ni J.Q., Oenema O., Webb J. (2006): Algorithms determining ammonia emission from buildings housing cattle and pigs and from manure stores. Advances in Agronomy, 89.
 
Webb J., Menzi H., Pain B.F., Misselbrook T.H., Dämmgen U., Hendriks H., Döhler H. (2005): Managing ammonia emissions from livestock production in Europe. Environmental Pollution, 135, 399-406  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2004.11.013
 
Wu W., Zhang G., Zong C. (2012): Emissions of ammonia and greenhouse gases from two naturally ventilated barns for dairy cows. In: Proceedings of the International Livestock Environment Symposium (ILES IX), Valencia, Spain.
 
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti