Impact of shelter on daylight in the stables for dairy cows

https://doi.org/10.17221/36/2016-RAECitation:Balková M., Zázorská R. (2016): Impact of shelter on daylight in the stables for dairy cows. Res. Agr. Eng., 62: S21-S26.
download PDF
The aim of the measurement was to assess the illuminance values and values of daylight factor in two stables for dairy cows that have the same technology layout. The difference between the stables was a shelter on the side of one of them. Measurements were made halfway through the stables including edge portions with cubicle and central parts with feed passage, above which is skylight. From the measured values of illuminance and calculated values of daylight factor, it can be seen that the effect of roof skylight is significant in terms of daylight. At the same time, they show how shelter affects daylight in the stable. The difference in values in the section under the roof skylight and in parts where the external walls are open is considerable. In the sheltered part, illuminance values are even lower than those with other external walls. This implies that the shelter sufficiently shades the cubicle, which is especially useful during summer.
References:
Aharoni Y., Brosh A., Ezra E. (2000): Short Communication: Prepartum Photoperiod Effect on Milk Yield and Composition in Dairy Cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 83, 2779-2781  https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)75174-5
 
Chastain J.P. (1994): On-site investigation of indoor lighting systems for dairy facilities. ASAE Paper No. 945507.
 
Chloupek J., Suchý P. (2008): Mikroklimatická měření ve stájích pro hospodářská zvířata. Multimediální učební text: 104–119.
 
Dahl G.E., Auchtung T.L., Kendall P.E. (2002): Photoperiodic effect on endocrine and immune function in cattle. Reproduction (Cambridge, England) Supplement, 56: 191–201.
 
Dahl Geoffrey E., Auchtung Tera L., Reid Eric D. (2004): Manipulating milk production in early lactation through photoperiod changes and milking frequency. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 20, 675-685  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvfa.2004.06.004
 
Doležal O., Černá D. (2006): Technika a technologie chovu skotu – dojnice: Světlo ve stájích a dojírnách. Metodické listy, 3: 8.
 
Hjalmarsson Fanny, Olsson Ingemar, Ferneborg Sabine, Agen�s Sigrid, Ternman Emma (2014): Effect of low light intensity at night on cow traffic in automatic milking systems. Animal Production Science, 54, 1784-  https://doi.org/10.1071/AN14215
 
Hutla P., Vyhlídka L., Šimon J. (2013): Osvětlení stáje pro dojnice. Světlo, 16: 40–43.
 
Karandušovská I., Mihina Š., Boďo Š. (2012): Effect of differently designed systems of housing for dairy cows on ammonia and carbon dioxide concentration. Acta Technologica Agriculturae, 15: 106–109.
 
Lendelová J., Botto Ľ., Brestenský V. (2011): Exploitation of cubicles littered with separated slurry sludge by dairy. Folia Veterinaria, 55: 14–16.
 
Peters R.R. (1994): Photoperiod and management of dairy cows: A practical review. Dairy Systems for the 21st Century, Proceedings of 3rd International Dairy Housing Conference: 662–666.
 
Phillips C.J.C., Morris I.D., Lomas C.A., Lockwood S.J. (2000): The locomotion of dairy cows in passageways with different light intensities. Animal Welfare (South Mimms, England), 9: 421–431.
 
Pogran Š., Bieda W., Gálik R., Lendelová J., Švenková J. (2011): Kvalita vnútorného prostredia ustajňovacích objektov. 1st Ed. Nitra, SUA.
 
Reksen O., Tverdal A., Landsverk K., Kommisrud E., Bøe K.E., Ropstad E. (1999): Effects of Photointensity and Photoperiod on Milk Yield and Reproductive Performance of Norwegian Red Cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 82, 810-816  https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(99)75300-2
 
Šístková M., Peterka A., Peterka B. (2010): Light and noise conditions of buildings for breeding dairy cows. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 56: 92–98.
 
Aharoni Y., Brosh A., Ezra E. (2000): Short Communication: Prepartum Photoperiod Effect on Milk Yield and Composition in Dairy Cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 83, 2779-2781  https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)75174-5
 
Chastain J.P. (1994): On-site investigation of indoor lighting systems for dairy facilities. ASAE Paper No. 945507.
 
Chloupek J., Suchý P. (2008): Mikroklimatická měření ve stájích pro hospodářská zvířata. Multimediální učební text: 104–119.
 
Dahl G.E., Auchtung T.L., Kendall P.E. (2002): Photoperiodic effect on endocrine and immune function in cattle. Reproduction (Cambridge, England) Supplement, 56: 191–201.
 
Dahl Geoffrey E., Auchtung Tera L., Reid Eric D. (2004): Manipulating milk production in early lactation through photoperiod changes and milking frequency. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 20, 675-685  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvfa.2004.06.004
 
Doležal O., Černá D. (2006): Technika a technologie chovu skotu – dojnice: Světlo ve stájích a dojírnách. Metodické listy, 3: 8.
 
Hjalmarsson Fanny, Olsson Ingemar, Ferneborg Sabine, Agen�s Sigrid, Ternman Emma (2014): Effect of low light intensity at night on cow traffic in automatic milking systems. Animal Production Science, 54, 1784-  https://doi.org/10.1071/AN14215
 
Hutla P., Vyhlídka L., Šimon J. (2013): Osvětlení stáje pro dojnice. Světlo, 16: 40–43.
 
Karandušovská I., Mihina Š., Boďo Š. (2012): Effect of differently designed systems of housing for dairy cows on ammonia and carbon dioxide concentration. Acta Technologica Agriculturae, 15: 106–109.
 
Lendelová J., Botto Ľ., Brestenský V. (2011): Exploitation of cubicles littered with separated slurry sludge by dairy. Folia Veterinaria, 55: 14–16.
 
Peters R.R. (1994): Photoperiod and management of dairy cows: A practical review. Dairy Systems for the 21st Century, Proceedings of 3rd International Dairy Housing Conference: 662–666.
 
Phillips C.J.C., Morris I.D., Lomas C.A., Lockwood S.J. (2000): The locomotion of dairy cows in passageways with different light intensities. Animal Welfare (South Mimms, England), 9: 421–431.
 
Pogran Š., Bieda W., Gálik R., Lendelová J., Švenková J. (2011): Kvalita vnútorného prostredia ustajňovacích objektov. 1st Ed. Nitra, SUA.
 
Reksen O., Tverdal A., Landsverk K., Kommisrud E., Bøe K.E., Ropstad E. (1999): Effects of Photointensity and Photoperiod on Milk Yield and Reproductive Performance of Norwegian Red Cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 82, 810-816  https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(99)75300-2
 
Šístková M., Peterka A., Peterka B. (2010): Light and noise conditions of buildings for breeding dairy cows. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 56: 92–98.
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences