Translocation of the upper soil layer in multiple operations of seedbed preparation 

https://doi.org/10.17221/40/2017-RAECitation:Novák P., Hůla J. (2017): Translocation of the upper soil layer in multiple operations of seedbed preparation . Res. Agr. Eng., 63: S46-S52.
download PDF
Translocation of tracers incorporated into the upper layer of topsoil was evaluated in the course of seedbed preparation for winter wheat. Aluminium cubes with the edge length of 16 mm were used as tracers that were placed into the soil before its tillage into furrows perpendicular to the direction of passes. After the passes of the OPALL-AGRI combined cultivator, the tracers were searched and marked using a metal detector. The translocation of tracers was evaluated during multiple passes on flatland and on the slope. During the seedbed preparation on the slope, downslope and upslope passes in a fall line direction were chosen. Results of the tracers movement measuring that simulate the soil particle translocation indicate a pronounced movement of the upper layer of topsoil during multiple downslope passes of the combined cultivator. A significant translocation was also observed after passes on flatland. A significantly smaller lengthwise translocation of tracers was found out at upslope passes. The type of translocation on flatland and upslope was quite similar, on the other hand, downslope movement was much larger. The upslope passes were found to have a very limited function with regard to the correction of the undesirable downslope movement of soil particles that occurs in the course of tillage. 
References:
lanco–Canqui H., Lal R. (2008): Principles of Soil Conservation and Management. Netherlands, Springer.
 
Govers G., Lobb D.A., Quine T.A. (1999): Tillage erosion and translocation: emergence of new paradigm in soil erosion research. Soil and Tillage Research, 51: 167–174.
 
Hůla J., Novák P. (2016): Evaluation of soil tillage technologies in terms of soil particles transfer. In: Engineering for Rural Development, Jelgava May 25–27, 2016: 812–816.
 
Janeček M. et al. (2012): Soil erosion control measures. Prague, CULS. (in Czech).
 
Li Sheng, Lobb David A., Lindstrom Michael J. (2007): Tillage translocation and tillage erosion in cereal-based production in Manitoba, Canada. Soil and Tillage Research, 94, 164-182  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2006.07.019
 
Lobb D.A., Kachanoski R.G. (1999): Modelling tillage erosion in topographically complex landscapes of southwestern Ontario, Canada. Soil and Tillage Research, 51: 261–278.
 
Logsdon S.D. (2013): Depth dependence of chisel plow tillage erosion. Soil and Tillage Research, 128, 119-124  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2012.06.014
 
Novák P., Mašek J., Hůla J., Kroulík M., Kovaříček P. (2011): Evaluation of surface water runoff and soil loses in the cultivation maize crops. In: The 5th International Scientific Conference Rural Development in Global Changes, Nov. 24, 2011, Akademija, Kaunas District, Lithuania. Aleksandras Stulginskij University: 405–411.
 
Prospective and Situation Report of Soil (2015): Prague, Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic. (in Czech)
 
Quine Timothy A, Govers Gerard, Poesen Jean, Walling Des, van Wesemael Bas, Martinez-Fernandez Jose (1999): Fine-earth translocation by tillage in stony soils in the Guadalentin, south-east Spain: an investigation using caesium-1341Paper presented at International Symposium on Tillage Translocation and Tillage Erosion held in conjunction with the 52nd Annual Conference of the Soil and Water Conservation Society, Toronto, Canada. 24–25 July, 1997.1. Soil and Tillage Research, 51, 279-301  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(99)00043-4
 
Van Muysen W, Govers G, Van Oost K (2002): Identification of important factors in the process of tillage erosion: the case of mouldboard tillage. Soil and Tillage Research, 65, 77-93  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-1987(01)00282-3
 
Van Muysen W.V., Oost K.V., Govers G. (2006): Soil translocation resulting from multiple passes of tillage under normal field operating conditions. Soil & Tillage Research, 87: 218–230.
 
Van Oost K., Govers G., De Alba S., Quine T. A. (2016): Tillage erosion: a review of controlling factors and implications for soil quality. Progress in Physical Geography, 30, 443-466  https://doi.org/10.1191/0309133306pp487ra
 
Wang Y., Zhang J.H., Zhang Z.H., Jia L.Z. (2016): Impact of tillage erosion on water erosion in a hilly landscape. Science of The Total Environment, 551-552, 522-532  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.02.045
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences