Non-stationary processing centre for small and mediumsized blueberry farms. A Review K., Olt J. (2017): Non-stationary processing centre for small and mediumsized blueberry farms. A Review . Res. Agr. Eng., 63: 136-144.
download PDF
Growing blueberries on exhausted milled peat fields could be a possible solution to decrease carbon dioxide emission from these areas. To operate such crop-giving plantation manually, a lot of manpower is needed. To decrease the manpower, suitable and helpful technical solutions should be introduced. The aim of this article is to investigate different technological aspects of post-harvest processing of blueberries and to study already existing technical solutions. As a result, non-stationary processing centre for small or medium-sized blueberry farms is proposed. The proposed solution allows reducing manpower, lowering production costs and increasing the area used for growing blueberries. Also, it may encourage other farms to start growing blueberries.
A&B Pakcing Equipment (2015): Available at
Albert T., Karp K., Starast M., Paal T. (2010): The effect of mulching and pruning on the vegetative growth and yield of the half-high blueberry. Agronomy Research, 8: 759–768.
Bertz G. (1960): Dispositif de réglage de grandeurs de classement applicable à des machines de classement. Patent No. FR 1248240 (A).
British Stainless Steel Association (2015): Available at
Brown G.K., Schulte N.L., Timm E.J., Beaudry R.M., Peterson D.L., Hancock J.F., Takeda F. (1996): Estimates of mechanization effects on fresh blueberry quality. American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 12: 21–26.
Bosoi E., Verniajev O., Smirnov I., Sultan-Shah E. (1978): Теория, конструкция и расчет. Moscow, Mechanical Engineering.
Cubero S., Aleixos N., Albert F., Torregrosa A., Ortiz C., García-Navarrete O., Blasco J. (2014): Optimised computer vision system for automatic pre-grading of citrus fruit in the field using a mobile platform. Precision Agriculture, 15, 80-94
Dorter H. (1975): Grape destemmer. Patent No. AU 5757373 (A).
Estonia Ministry of Agriculture, Trade and Agri-Food Department (2015): Agricultural products (KN 1-14) trade between Estonia and China, period of January to October year 2014, review. Tallinn.
Eum Hyang Lan, Hong Sun Chul, Chun Changhoo, Shin Il Sheob, Lee Byoung Yil, Kim Hak Ki, Hong Sae Jin (2013): Influence of temperature during transport on shelf-life quality of highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L. cvs. Bluetta, Duke). Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, 54, 128-133
European Patent Office. (2015): Available at
Evett R.J. (1943): Fruit and berry washing and grading equipment. Patent No. US 2316159 (A).
Ezekiel J. (1940): Berry cleaner and separator. Patent No. US 2210486 (A).
Faria Ana, Oliveira Joana, Neves Patrícia, Gameiro Paula, Santos-Buelga Celestino, de Freitas Victor, Mateus Nuno (2005): Antioxidant Properties of Prepared Blueberry ( Vaccinium myrtillus ) Extracts. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53, 6896-6902
Food standards agency (2009): Materials and articles in contact with food. Available at
Forney CF. (2009): Postharvest Issues in blueberry and cranberry and methods to improve market-life. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 810: 785–798.
Grote K.-H., Feldhusen J. (2007): Dubbel Taschenbuch für den Maschinenbau. Springer.
Hansaplant (2015): Available at
Ilomets M. (2011): Kogemusi Eestist. In: Paal J. (ed.): Jääksood, nende kasutamine ja korrastamine. Tartu, Estonian Peat Association, 141–149.
Ilomets M., Pajula R., Sepp K., Truus L. (2010): Keskkonnakorraldus, Maapõue alamprogramm programme, Projekt No. 14 „Turba jääkväljade rekultiveerimine turbasammaldega“ lõpparuanne. Available at
Jackson E.D, Sanford K.A, Lawrence R.A, McRae K.B, Stark R (1999): Lowbush blueberry quality changes in response to prepacking delays and holding temperatures. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 15, 117-126
Johnson R. (1985): Green peanut destemmer and washer. Patent No. US 4542687 (A).
Karolin M., Pärli M. (1998): Kartulipuhasti-sorteeri KSR-5M katsetamisest. In: Heinloo M. Lember S. Seesmaa S. (eds). Agricultural Machinery, Building and Energy Engineering. Tartu, Estonian Agricultural University: 46–54.
Kays S.J. (1997): Postharvest Physiology of Perishable Plant Products. New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold Press.
Kilgour J., Bruce A.R. (1984): Grader. Patent No. GB 2140712 (A).
Kondo Naoshi (2009): Robotization in fruit grading system. Sensing and Instrumentation for Food Quality and Safety, 3, 81-87
Konz S.A., Johnson S. (2000): Work design: industrial ergonomics. Arizona, Holcomb Hathaway.
Käis L., Ol J. (2010): Low-bush blueberry machine cultivation technology in plantations established on milled peat fields. In: Kosutic S. (ed.): Actual Tasks on Agricultural Engineering, 38: 271–279.
Lakewood Process Machinery (2015): Available at
Magnusson R., Ragnarsson E.T. (2006): Gap width adjustment mechanism for the belts for grading system. Patent No. WO 2006 120706 (A1).
Magnusson R.M., Steinson S., Ragnarsson E.T. (1998): Apparatus for grading objects such as fish. Patent No. WO 98 48951 (A1).
Marijon G.-R. (1954): Grader. Patent No. FR 1076299 (A).
McClure W.F., Rohrbach P.R. (1981): Asynchronous blueberry sorter. Patent No. US 4279346 (A).
McLauchlan A.B. (1952): Berry cleaner. Patent No. US 2591086 (A).
McLauchlan R.D. (1970): Berry cleaner and washer. Patent No. CA 842562 (A).
Miedema A.D. (1993): Blueberry destemmer. Patent No. US 5203259 (A).
Mohsenin N.N. (1986): Physical properties of plant and animal materials, Vol 1: Structure, physical characteristics and mechanical properties. 2nd Ed. New York, Gordon and Breach.
NeSmith D.S., Prussia S., Tetteh M., Krewer G. (2002): Firmness losses of rabbiteye blueberries (Vaccinium ashei Reade) durning harvesting and handling. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 574: 13–19.
NeSmith D.S., Nunez-Barrios A., Prussia S.E., Aggarwal D. (2005): Postharvest berry quality of six rabbiteye blueberry cultivars in response to temperature. Journal of the American Pomological Society, 59: 13–17.
Noormets M. (2006): Ahtalehise mustika (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait.) ja Kanada mustika (V. Myrttilloides Michx) õie bioloogia mõningaid aspekte; ahtalehise mustika ja hariliku jõhvika (Oxycoccus palustris Pers.) kultiveerimine ammendatud freesturbaväljadel [PhD. Thesis] Tartu, Estonian University of Life Sciences.
Nunez-Barrios Abelardo, Nesmith D. Scott, Chinnan Manjeet, Prussia Stanley E. (2005): Dynamics of Rabbiteye Blueberry Fruit Quality in Response to Harvest Method and Postharvest Handling Temperature. Small Fruits Review, 4, 73-81
Olt J., Arak M. (2012): Motoplokk-tüüpi mustikakombaini korjehaspli konstruktsioon ja arendus. Journal of Agricultural Science, 23: 21–26.
Olt J., Soots K. (2013): Berry sorter. Patent No. EE 05642 (B1).
Olt J., Arak M., Jasinskas A. (2013): Development of mechanical technology for low-bush blueberry cultivating in the plantation established on milled peat fields. Agricultural Engineering, Research Papers, 45: 120–131.
Paal J., Lode E., Pikka J., Raudsep R., Paal T., Ilomets M., Orru M., Leiner E., Niitlaan E. (2007): Jääksoode korrastamise käsiraamat. Tartu: Environmental Investment Centre.
Packman P.J. (1956): Improvements in or relating to sorting or grading apparatus. Patent No. GB 745730 (A).
Paniagua A.C., East A.R., Hindmarsh J.P., Heyes J.A. (2013): Moisture loss is the major cause of firmness change during postharvest storage of blueberry. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 79, 13-19
Pellene R., Gialis J. M. (2009): Sorting table with sorter rolls for elimination of foreign matter remaining mixed in a harvest of small fruit. Patent No. US 2009 0057208 (A1).
Purre A-H. (2013): Freesturbaväljadest ja sammaldest. Available at
Putz-Anderson V. (1988): Cumulative Trauma Disorders. London, Taylor and Francis.
Ramst R., Orru M. (2009): Eesti mahajäetud turbatootmisalade taastaimestumine. Estonian Combustible Natural Resources and Wastes, 1–2: 6–7.
Recce M., Plebe A., Taylor J. (1998): Video grading of oranges in realtime. Artificial Intelligence Review, 12: 117–136.
Sawyer J.W. (1928): Process and apparatus for cleaning berries. Patent No. US 1681627 (A).
Schloesser C.M. (2006): Deleafer apparatus and method. Patent No. US 2006 0162306 (A1).
Sinelli Nicoletta, Spinardi Anna, Di Egidio Valentina, Mignani Ilaria, Casiraghi Ernestina (2008): Evaluation of quality and nutraceutical content of blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) by near and mid-infrared spectroscopy. Postharvest Biology and Technology, 50, 31-36
Sinelnikov A.P., Dashtoyan A.A., Varlamov G.P., Plotnikov S., Majkovskij I.A., Filipovskikh G.A., Kobyakov A. A. (1981): Berry cleaner. Patent No. SU 822784 (A1).
Soots K., Maksarov V., Olt J. (2014): Continuously adjustable berry sorter. Agronomy Research, 12: 161–170.
Staras M., Karp K., Paal T., Värnik R., Vool E. (2005): Kultuurmustikas ja selle kasvatamine Eestis Tartu, Estonian Agricultural University.
M. K. Tetteh , S. E. Prussia , D. S. NeSmith , B. P. Verma , D. Aggarwal (2004): MODELING BLUEBERRY FIRMNESS AND MASS LOSS DURING COOLING DELAYS AND STORAGE. Transactions of the ASAE, 47, 1121-1127
Vahejõe K., Albert T., Noormets M., Karp K., Paal T., Starast M., Värnik R. (2010): Berry Cultivation in cutover peatlands in Estonia: Agricultural and economical aspects. Baltic Forestry, 16: 264–272.
Van der Poel J.G.G. (1998): Method and device for sorting objects, in particular fruit and bulbous plants, with regard to their cross-sectional dimension. Patent No. EP 0884113 (A1).
Willi M., Stiefvater W. (2005): Vorrichtung zum Sortieren von Obst nach der Größe. Patent No. DE 10359369 (A1).
William E.U. (1935): Blueberry cleaner. Patent No. US 2018157 (A).
Williamson R.L. (2006): Adjustable size sorting apparatus for small produce. Patent No. US 2006 0113224 (A1).
Willis R., McGlasson B., Graham D., Joyce D. (1998): Postharvest. An introduction to the physiology and handling of fruit, vegetables and ornamentals (4th Ed.). Adelaide, Hyde Park Press.
Yealands S.W. (1998): Apparatus for grading mussels according to size, includes a support frame and spacing adjustment means. Patent No. NZ 314846 (A).
Yu Pengcheng, Li Changying, Takeda Fumiomi, Krewer Gerard, Rains Glen, Hamrita Takoi (2014): Measurement of mechanical impacts created by rotary, slapper, and sway blueberry mechanical harvesters. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 101, 84-92
download PDF

© 2021 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti